|Native to||Algeria, Libya, Niger|
|Native speakers||unknown (undated figure of 80,000)|
Tamahaq is the only known Northern Tuareg language, spoken in Algeria, western Libya, and northern Niger. It varies little from the southern languages of Ayr, Azawagh or Adagh, with the differences mostly being substitution of sounds, for instance Tamahaq instead of Tamajaq or Tamasheq.
There are three main varieties of Tamahaq:
- Tahaggart, spoken around the Ahaggar Mountains in southern Algeria, by the Kel Ahaggar confederation.
- Ajjer, spoken by the Kel Ajjer confederation.
- Ghat, spoken around Djanet in southeast Algeria and Ghat in Libya.
According to Blench (2006), Tahaggart and Ghat are distinct Tuareg languages.
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