This article is about the Malo language from Vanuatu. For other languages of the same name, see Malo language
Tamambo, or Malo, is an Oceanic language spoken by 4,000 people on Malo and nearby islands in Vanuatu.
/i u/ become [j w] respectively when unstressed and before another vowel. /o/ may also become [w] for some speakers.
The prenasalized postalveolar stop /ᶮɟ/ is often affricated and voiceless, i.e. [ᶮtʃ].
Younger speakers often realize /β/ as [f] initially and [v] medially, while /βʷ/ is often replaced by [w].
/x/ is usually realized as [x] initially, but some speakers use [h]. Medially, it may be pronounced as any of [x ɣ h ɦ ɡ].
Few speakers of Tamambo are literate, and there is no standard orthography. Spelling conventions used include:
||B initially, mb medially.
||Bu or bw initially, mbu or mbw medially.
||C or h.
||D initially, nd medially.
||J initially, nj medially.
||Mu or mw.
||Vu or w.
- Jauncey, Dorothy G. (1997). A Grammar of Tamambo, the Language of Western Malo, Vanuatu. Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National University, Canberra.
- Jauncey, Dorothy G. (2002), "Tamambo", in Lynch, J., Ross, M. & Crowley, T., The Oceanic Languages, Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, pp. 608–625
- Riehl, Anastasia K.; Jauncey, Dorothy (2005). "Illustrations of the IPA: Tamambo". Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (2): 255–259. doi:10.1017/S0025100305002197.