Tamangic languages

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Not to be confused with Tamanic languages.
Tamangic
Geographic
distribution:
Nepal
Linguistic classification: Sino-Tibetan
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: tama1367  (Tamangic)[1]
ghal1247  (Ghale–Tamangic)[2]

The Tamangic languages, TGTM languages, or West Bodish languages, are a family of Tibeto-Burman languages spoken in the Himalayas of Nepal. It is called West Bodish by Bradley (1997).

The languages are:

  • Tamang (several divergent varieties, with a million speakers)
  • Gurung (two varieties with low mutual intelligibility)
  • Thakali (including the Seke dialect; ethnically Tamang)
  • the closely related Manang(ba) [Nyishang(ba)], Gyasumdo, and 'Narpa ('Nar-Phu)
  • Chantyal

The Ghale languages, spoken by ethnic Tamang, seems to be related to Tamangic, but not enough is known to be sure.

Classification[edit]

Tamangic is united with the Bodish and West Himalayish languages in Bradley's (1997) "Bodish" and Van Driem's (2001) Tibeto-Kanauri.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tamangic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ghale–Tamangic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

References[edit]

  • Bradley, David (1997). "Tibeto-Burman languages and classification". In Tibeto-Burman languages of the Himalayas, Papers in South East Asian linguistics. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • George van Driem (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.
  • Georg, Stefan (1996). Marphatan Thakali. Untersuchungen zur Sprache des Dorfes Marpha im Oberen Kali-Gandaki-Tal/Nepal. München: LINCOM EUROPA. ISBN 90-04-09905-0.