Tamara Moskvina

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Tamara Moskvina
Tamara Moskvina at Grand Prix Final 2009.jpg
Moskvina in 2009
Personal information
Full name Tamara Nikolayevna Moskvina
Alternative names Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus
Country represented Soviet Union
Born (1941-06-26) June 26, 1941 (age 73)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Residence Saint Petersburg, Russia
Former partner Alexei Mishin
Alexander Gavrilov
Former coach Igor Moskvin
Ivan Bogoyavlenski
Retired 1969

Tamara Nikolayevna Moskvina, née Bratus, (Russian: About this sound Тама́ра Никола́евна Москвина́​ ; earlier Братусь) is a Russian pair skating coach and former competitive skater. Competing in pairs with Alexei Mishin,[1] she became the 1969 World silver medalist and Soviet national champion. As a singles skater, she was a five-time (1962–1966) Soviet national champion. She later became a successful coach, leading at least one pair to an Olympic medal in six consecutive Winter Olympics from 1984 to 2002 and twice coaching the gold and silver medal-winning pairs, in 1992 and 1998. Married to Igor Moskvin, Moskvina is based in Saint Petersburg, Russia at the Yubileyny Sports Palace.

Early life[edit]

Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus was born 26 June 1941 in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg),[2] the daughter of Serafima and Nikolay Bratus.[3] She had two sisters.[4] During the Siege of Leningrad in World War II, the family evacuated to a small village in the Ural Mountains where her mother had relatives.[4] Moskvina is only 4'10" due to childhood malnutrition during the war years.[2][5] The family returned to Leningrad in 1948. Her father died suddenly at the age of 47, though he had never been ill before.[2] His side of the family was from Kiev.[2]

Career[edit]

As a skater[edit]

Moskinva began skating in Leningrad at the age of 10, after her father obtained used skates for his daughters.[4][6] Ivan Bogoyavlensky was her first coach.[7] She practiced at the Iskra and Dinamo rinks, the latter of which was on a tennis court.[6]

Igor Moskvin became her coach in 1957.[8] She moved to an ice rink on Vasilyevsky Island which opened in 1958 after conversion from an abandoned church.[7]

Moskvina became the Soviet national ladies' champion for the first time in 1962 and would win the title four more times. Her best finish at an international competition in singles was 14th at the 1965 European Championships. Moskvina may have been the first to perform what is now called a Biellmann spin. She was inspired after seeing a gymnastics competition and began attempting it on the ice.[6] She included the spin at the 1960 European Championships.[6]

At Moskvin's suggestion, she decided to try pair skating. As he later explained, the leading women's coach in those years was Tatiana Granatkina-Tolmacheva, who worked in Moscow and led a group of girls of the same age as Moskvina. Her husband Alexander Tolmachev headed the Figure Skating Federation of Moscow, so Mosvkina, who did not train under Tatiana Tolmacheva, had little chance to stay in the team.[8] Her first partner was Alexander Gavrilov, with whom she won the 1965 Soviet national title. He retired at the end of the season.

Later in 1965, Moskvina teamed up with Alexei Mishin, whom she had trained alongside when they were both singles skaters.[2][4] They won bronze at the 1966 Winter Universiade and were sent to their first European and World Championships in 1967. Yubileyny Sports Palace became their training site after its opening in 1967.[7]

Moskvina/Mishin won silver at the 1968 European Championships. The following season, they defeated both the two-time Olympic gold medallists, Ludmila Belousova / Oleg Protopopov, and the future champions, Irina Rodnina / Alexei Ulanov, to win the Soviet national title. Moskina/Mishin took bronze at the 1969 European Championships and then silver at the 1969 World Championships. Moskvina decided to retire from competition in 1969 in order to start a family.[3]

As a coach[edit]

Moskvina became interested in a coaching career during her competitive years.[3] She earned her doctorate in educational psychology from the Leningrad Academy of Physical Culture.[4]

Moskvina has coached at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, for almost her entire career. She was one of the first Soviet coaches to collaborate with the skating world outside the Soviet Union and its satellites. She contributed a report on the 1970 European Championships to the American publication Skating magazine, which at that time required clearance through the central news agency in the Soviet Union.[9] She co-authored the International Skating Union's judging handbook for pair skating in 1984. During the 1990s, Yubileyny suffered from poor-quality ice and other problems, resulting in limited training time even for top skaters.[10][11] In 1998, Moskvina and her students spent some time at the Stamford Twin Rinks in Stamford, Connecticut.[12] In 1999, Moskvina moved to Hackensack, New Jersey's Ice House and spent several years coaching there.[5] In 2001-2002, she returned to Yubileyny where she continues to coach.[13][14]

Moskvina coached the following pairs:

Moskvina coached some pairs in collaboration with her husband, Igor Moskvin (Kyoko Ina / John Zimmerman), and some with former students Artur Dmitriev and Oksana Kazakova.[16] Her pairs have worked with various choreographers, including Alexander Matveev,[17] Tatiana Druchinina (until 2011), Valeri Pecherski,[16] Igor Bobrin, and Peter Tchernyshev. Former student Oleg Vasiliev coached Tatiana Totmianina / Maxim Marinin to an Olympic gold medal after Moskvina sent them to him.[18]

During her own skating career, both in singles and in pairs, Moskvina was known for including unusual flexibility moves in her programs. She has passed this on in the choreography for the various pair teams she has coached, inventing many unique pair skating elements in which the man and woman, although performing different movements, still work together as a unit. This style of choreography is sometimes referred to as "opposition choreography," as opposed to shadow or mirror skating, when the two partners perform similar movements in unison together.

In 2011, Moskvina said she planned to retire after the 2014 Olympics but would continue to advise pairs in addition to writing a book on her coaching experiences.[16]

Personal life[edit]

Tamara Moskvina married Igor Moskvin in 1964.[4] They have two daughters, Olga Igorevna Moskvina (born 12 April 1970),[19] a linguist who graduated from a Saint Petersburg university,[6] and Anna Igorevna Moskvina (born 14 June 1974),[5] an economist who graduated from Columbia University, NYC, United States.

Competitive highlights[edit]

Pair skating with Mishin[edit]

International
Event 1965–66 1966–67 1967–68 1968–69
Winter Olympics 5th
World Championships 6th 4th 2nd
European Championships 6th 2nd 3rd
Prize of Moscow News 1st 1st
Winter Universiade 3rd
National
Soviet Championships 3rd 2nd 2nd 1st

Pair skating with Gavrilov[edit]

National
Event 1965
Soviet Championships 1st

Single skating[edit]

International
Event 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
European Championships 27th 19th 20th 14th
National
Soviet Championships 9th 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st

Awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

Moskvina was inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame in 2005.

  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (27 February 1998) - for outstanding athletic achievement at the XVIII Olympic Winter Games in 1998
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1984)[20]
  • Order of Friendship of Peoples (1988)
  • Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (22 April 1994) - for services in the development of physical culture and sports and the great personal contribution to the preparation and conduct of XVII Winter Olympic Games in 1994
  • Honoured Worker of Physical Culture of the Russian Federation (2002)
  • Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR (1969)
  • Honoured coach of the USSR
  • Honoured Coach of Russia
  • Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation (May 5, 2003) - for the successful preparation of athletes and high achievements in sports at the Games XIX Olympic Games in Salt Lake City
  • Honorary citizen of St. Petersburg
  • Best in sports in St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg Government, 2 February 2010)
  • Honorary Diploma of the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg (2002)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Interview with Alexei Mishin" (in Russian). TV Park magazine. 2003-03-28. Archived from the original on November 9, 2005. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (June 26, 2011). "Маленькая великая женщина" [The tiny great lady] (in Russian). Sport Express. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Ermolina, Olga (23 October 2013). "Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 2)" [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 2)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mittan, Barry (18 May 2003). "Tamara Moskvina - Coach of Olympic Pairs Champions". GoldenSkate.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Tamara Moskvina - Online Interview". GoldenSkate.com. 22 June 2002. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Polyanskaya, Natalia (June 22, 2011). "Учу кататься и жить" [I teach how to skate and live] (in Russian). Moskovskiy Komsomolets (Saint Petersburg edition). Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c Ermolina, Olga (22 October 2013). "Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 1)" [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 1)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (August 25, 2009). "Игорь МОСКВИН: "НИКОГДА НЕ СЧИТАЛ, ЧТО МЫ С ЖЕНОЙ КОНКУРЕНТЫ"" [Igor Moskvin: I have never thought that my wife and I are rivals.] (in Russian). Sport Express. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ "In this issue", Skating magazine, Apr 1970
  10. ^ Flade, Tatyana (July–August 1994). "Olympic Stars Skating On Thin Ice At Yubileiny Palace". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999. 
  11. ^ Katz, Rachel (March 1995). "Local stars attack lack of facilities". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999. 
  12. ^ Mariani, Dominic (1 November 1998). "Russian Champions on the Stamford Ice". The New York Times. 
  13. ^ Flade, Tatjana (September 3, 2011). "Tamara Moskvina: A Rewarding Journey". IFS Magazine. 
  14. ^ Simonenko, Andrei (June 26, 2011). "Тамара Москвина: я должна выполнять желания своих фигуристов" [Tamara Moskvina: I have to make my skaters' dreams come true] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  15. ^ a b Ermolina, Olga (24 October 2013). "Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 3)" [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 3)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Simonenko, Andrei (July 8, 2011). "Тамара Москвина: после Олимпиады в Сочи начну писать книгу" [Tamara Moskvina: After the Sochi Olympics I'll concentrate on writing a book] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ Janofsky, Michael (February 12, 1992). "ALBERTVILLE; No Longer Soviet Skaters, But They Are Still the Best". The New York Times. 
  18. ^ Simonenko, Andrei (June 30, 2011). "Тамара Москвина: создаю удовольствие под названием "фигурное катание"" [Tamara Moskvina: Creating a pleasure called figure skating] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. 
  19. ^ "СПИСОК кандидатов в спортивные сборные команды Российской Федерации по фигурному катанию на коньках на 2011-2012 гг." [2011–2012 list]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Russian Sports Ministry. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. 
  20. ^ Panorama of the 1984 Sports Year (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. 1985. p. 37. 

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