An Algonquian-speaking group, like the rest of the Illiniwek, they lived on both sides of the Mississippi River in the area of the confluence with the Illinois and Missouri rivers. Two leaders of the Tamaroa were among those who signed the treaty of 1818, by which the various groups of the Illiniwek ceded about half of the present state of Illinois to the United States. Descendants of the Tamaroa later merged with other, larger tribes of the Illiniwek, such as the Peoria. As a consequence of the forced Indian removal in the 1830s, their descendants are to be found mostly in Oklahoma, as the Confederated Peoria Tribe.
- Tribes of the Illinois/Missouri Region at First Contact (1673), US GenNet
- Linda Simpson, "The Tribes of The Illinois Confederacy", Rootsweb
- Lenville J. Stelle, Inoca Ethnohistory Project: Eye Witness Descriptions of the Contact Generation, 1667-1700, Parkland College, 2005
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