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Tamazgha or Tamazɣa (in Tifinagh script: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰ) is a Berber word employed for the area more often known as the Maghreb or North Africa, covering the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Niger River, from Siwa Oasis to the Canary Islands.
Although the root M-Z-Gh is very ancient, ta-Maz'gh-a as a country name is modern, coined in the context of Berber nationalism. It appeared for the first time in Algeria in the seventies. It is not clear at all who invented it. Some say it was Mouloud Mammeri (1917–1989). According to others, it was Kateb Yacine (1929–1989).
The main inhabited areas of Tamazgha are northern Libya and the Atlas Mountains chain from Tunisia to Western Sahara. It corresponds roughly to Herodotus' Libya, and to the medieval European term Barbary.
The term is used by the Berber activists because there is no common word that refers to all the geographical territory inhabited by the Berbers, since the Berbers live in several countries, and they are politically not united, with many scattered around the World by the Berber Diaspora. So, the name has been created to define an Amazigh/Berber Nation, even if the term is rarely used especially by pro-Arabo pro-Islamic Berbers against Arab domination and unity of their "Brother People". Many philologists sort this term like neologism, built from traditional Berber terms.
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