Tamazunchale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Tamazunchale is a town and municipality in the state of San Luis Potosí, central Mexico.[1] In 2010 the area of the municipality was 354 square kilometres (137 sq mi) and the population was 96,820. The population of the town was 24,562.[2]

Tamazunchale
Town & Municipality
Tamazunchale
Official seal of Tamazunchale
Seal
Tamazunchale is located in Mexico
Tamazunchale
Tamazunchale
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 21°15′56″N 98°47′45″W / 21.26556°N 98.79583°W / 21.26556; -98.79583
Country Mexico
State San Luis Potosí
Government
 • Mayor Prof. Baldemar Orta López
Area
 • Metro 354 km2 (137 sq mi)
Elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Municipality 96,820
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code 79960
Area code(s) 483
Demonym Tamazunchalenses
Website (Spanish) Official site

Etymology[edit]

The name Tamazunchale (Tam-uxum-tzalle) comes from the Huastec language, and means "Place of the Government"; it was the Huastec capital around the 1400s.[3]

History[edit]

The area of the State of San Luis Potosí including: Tamazunchale, Jacala, Coxcatlan, Tamacuil, Xatxapala, Tacetuco and Huahuatla along the Moctezuma River, was the Huastec Indian territory. In 1454, Montezuma, the ruler of the city of Tenochtitlan, sent his troops to dominate the Huastec nation, and won the war. The Huastec had no choice but to give in and pay tribute to the Aztec capital. In 1485, the three chiefs of the Huastec nation, Chicontepec, Temapache, and Molango, led several rebellions and were free for a time from the Aztecs. In 1487, the new ruler of Tenochtitlan, Ahuizotl sent troops to end the rebellion and subjugate the Huastec nation. They did so, and to ensure they remained loyal, sent many Aztec families to live there, to the extent that 55% of the population of Tamazunchale were Aztecs. The Huastecs continued to pay tribute to the Aztec nation.[4]

Cortes Invades[edit]

In 1522 Hernán Cortés left from Coyoacán, where he lived after the Conquest of Tenochtitlan, and headed up the Moctezuma river to the Huastec nation and arrived with his troops and Indian allies headed by a nephew of Cuauhtémoc, the last ruler of the Aztecs. They attacked and conquered Tamazunchale. Then they went up river to Panuco and helped Fransico de Garay, who had been on an earlier expedition to that area; 100 of his men had been killed by the Huastecs there, and 200 more elsewhere. With the help of Cortez' 100 Spanish soldiers and 15 thousand Acolhua warriors under the leadership of Yoyotzin and the younger brother of Ixtlixochitl, and 15 thousand Aztec warriors under the command of a nephew of Cuauhtemoc, they conquered Panuco and Xatxapala. They then burned to death 400 Huastec noblemen, despite the protest from the nobles of Tamanzunchale, Tacetuco, and Huahutla, The Huastec culture dispersed and left Tamanzunchale for other areas.[5] Much later the Agustin Religious order came in 1539 under the leadership of Fr. Antonio de la Roa and Fr. Juan de Sevilla. Shortly after came Father and Gran Minister of the Huasteca, Juan Eustacio. The Agustin Order established the first Church in Xilitla.[6]

Independence from Spain[edit]

During the insurrections of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the leader for the Huastecan region was Francisco Pena.[7]

Modern times[edit]

For tourists driving from the United States, Tamazunchale has long been a prominent overnight stop en route to Mexico City. English speaking tourists call the town Thomas-and-Charley.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "-". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved January 11, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Tamazunchale" http://www.microrregiones.gob.mx/zap/datGenerales.aspx?entra=nacion&ent=24&mun=037, accessed 11 Apr 2013
  3. ^ The Encyclopedia of Mexico 1978 Vol.12
  4. ^ The Encyclopedia of Mexico 1978 Vol.12
  5. ^ The Encyclopedia of Mexico 1978 Vol.12
  6. ^ The Encyclopedia of Mexico 1978 Vol.12
  7. ^ The Encyclopedia of Mexico 1978 Vol.12
  8. ^ Terry, Thomas Philip Terry's Guide to Mexico New York: Doubleday, 1965, pp. 129, 186

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°16′N 98°47′W / 21.267°N 98.783°W / 21.267; -98.783