Tambaram railway station

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Coordinates: 12°56′N 80°07′E / 12.93°N 80.11°E / 12.93; 80.11

Chennai Tambaram
தாம்பரம் இரயில் நிலையம்
Station of Chennai Suburban Railway and Southern Railways
Tambaram railway station.jpg
Tambaram Railway Station
Station statistics
Address GST Road, Tambaram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Structure type Standard on-ground station
Platforms 9
Parking Available
Baggage check Available
Other information
Electrified 1931[1]
Station code TBM
Owned by Ministry of Railways, Indian Railways
Fare zone Southern Railways
Formerly South Indian Railway

Tambaram Railway Station is one of the railway termini of the Chennai Beach–Tambaram section of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network. It is situated at a distance of 6 km from the centre of Tambaram, a suburb of Chennai located 27 km south of the city centre. It is one of the fastest growing railway hubs outside Chennai Central in the southern direction. Everyday, on an average, around 150,000 commuters use the station. About 280 suburban electric trains operate from Tambaram, including those between Chennai Beach and Chengalpattu and Kancheepuram.[2][3] Further, more than 25 expresses, including those bound for Howrah and other places in the north pass through the town. The daily ticket sales at Tambaram fetch INR 1 million, half of which comes from suburban travellers. It is the second most revenue-generating station in Chennai after Moore Market Complex.[4] A total of 52 trains pass through the station.[5]

Tambaram Railway Station divides Tambaram into East Tambaram and West Tambaram. There are nine platforms in the station. Platforms 3 and 4 are not used as the metre gauge lines are yet to be taken up for conversion, whereas those between 5 and 9 are used by the suburban electric trains between Chennai Beach and Chengalpattu and Tirumalpur and also long distance express trains. Most of the suburban electric train services originating from Tambaram to Beach and Chengalpattu leave from the first two platforms. There is a foot overbridge connecting East and West Tambaram with access to all platforms. In 2008, Southern Railway started building an additional platform at the westernmost side of the railway station, making Platform No.1 a double-discharge platform, a design which helps commuters to alight on either side of the train, similar to the one at Park Railway Station, where the passengers could alight on the western side for quicker access to Chennai Central.[6]

History[edit]

The lines at the station were one of the first in Chennai to be electrified. They were energised on 1.5 kV DC in 1931 with the electrification of the Chennai Beach–Tambaram section, and the third line in the section was electrified on 15 January 1965. The lines further south from the station, up to Chengalpattu, were electrified on 9 January 1965. On 15 January 1967, all the lines were converted to 25 kV AC.[1]

Traffic[edit]

Every day, 160 train services are operated between Chennai Beach and Tambaram, 70 between Tambaram and Chengalpet and 16 between Tambaram and Kancheepuram.[7]

Ticket sales at Tambaram Station are the highest on the suburban sector. Monthly sales of tickets, which stood at 0.712 million in November 2010, went up to 0.75 million in November 2011, when the state government hiked bus fares. It shot up to 0.837 million in December 2011 and to 0.871 million in January 2012. In April 2012, the figure touched 0.826 million. Nearly 95 percent of the tickets sold are on the suburban sector, while the remaining are to neighbouring and southern districts.[8] As of 2013, about 20,000 people buy tickets at the station daily.[9]

Hub terminal[edit]

In an effort to decongest the traffic at the Chennai Central railway station, Egmore was announced as the second terminal, and the railways has decided to make Tambaram as the third terminal so that the trains from southern districts could halt there.[10][11]

The station's proximity to the Central Warehousing Corporation’s godown located at Chitlapakkam makes it technically important. Four railway lines exist between Chennai Beach and Tambaram, two for up and down long distance trains and two for up and down suburban services. However, only two rail lines exist between Tambaram and Chengelpet, which are not enough to meet the growing demand of the section let alone its future requirements. March 2013 has been set as the deadline for the completion of the first phase of Tambaram station development project, and Southern Railway had prepared and submitted to the railway board a proposal to lay additional lines for a 30 km stretch from Tambaram to Chengelpet at an estimate of INR 2000 million but the board is yet to give its approval.[12] As a first step towards this, Southern Railways plans to set up a coaching terminal at Tambaram at an approximate cost of INR 340 million. It will have pit lines for maintenance, stabling lines and additional platforms.[13]

Sheds

The station had a huge metre-gauge freight marshalling yard for Chennai, which has been closed.[14] It is also a former electric shed and home to the YAM-1 locomotives. Presently, the station has a broad-gauge EMU maintenance and car shed.[15] The EMU car shed was established in 1931 and has adequate facilities to maintain 12-coach rakes. As of 2006, the number of staff in charge of maintenance at the car shed is six per car.[16]

Developments[edit]

EMU car shed at Tambaram railway station

The first broad gauge line at Tambaram was laid in 1995-96, which was part of the broad gauge conversion from Egmore. In 2004, platform 2 was converted to broad gauge line. In 2008, platform 1 was built. Subsequently, the conversion of lines at platforms 3, 4 and 5 into broad gauge was taken up but had to be halted due to a shortage of funds.[7]

A new station building with 10 ticket counters at the western side of the track was constructed at a cost of INR 13 million in 2003. Space was provided for food courts, coffee parlours, a medical shop and public call offices and also for shunting wagons. It was designed to have six retiring rooms, three of which were to be air-conditioned, in addition to two air-conditioned dormitories, deluxe waiting halls and a VIP lounge.[4]

Along the lines of a similar facility at the Chennai Central railway station, the Southern Railways constructed a bus bay in 2006 to serve the more than 100,000 passengers who travel by Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) buses in Tambaram. On an average, Tambaram records an increase of 30,000 passengers every year for MTC buses. Everyday, 1,500 MTC buses are run from Tambaram to Mamallapuram, Tiruporur (on OMR), Kovalam and Vadamalli (on ECR), Sriperumbudur and Walajabad, among other places.[17]

On 5 January 2012, Southern Railway started preliminary works for shifting south-bound trains to Tambaram junction although there were protests against the proposal of making Tambaram the third terminal of Chennai after Chennai Central and Chennai Egmore. To begin with, the Southern Railway decided to construct an escalator at the main entrance and another at the eastern side (facing Madras Christian College). It was also decided to install common escalators for platforms 1 and 2 where passengers of suburban trains alight besides another one for passengers alighting from south-bound express trains on platforms 6 and 7, a feature already available at Egmore junction. The station has enough space to build three additional platforms.[18]

In 2014, an escalator connecting East Tambaram with the foot overbridge and platform 1A was installed in the station, the first of its kind in a suburban station around Chennai.[19]

Security[edit]

In 2011, the measures were taken to enhance the security at the railway station. Work on the integrated security system began in 17 August 2011, which will include more closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, door-frame metal detectors, baggage screening devices costing about INR 4 million and a separate control room for the Railway Protection Force (RPF) for better communication and co-ordination with the headquarters. The station, which has 14 CCTV cameras, will get 26 more CCTV cameras in important locations, including on Platforms 3 and 4, the parking lot and the coach shed. Laying of cables has already begun. The existing analogue cameras at Tambaram will be converted into digital cameras. The high-resolution CCTV cameras, capable of zooming down to 100 m and being remote controlled, are enabled with Internet Protocol.[2]

The INR 400-million Integrated Security Surveillance System (ISSS) project is implemented jointly by the Southern Railways and HCL Infosystems.[20]

Accident rates[edit]

On the GuindyChengalpet suburban section, comprising 17 stations, the ChromepetTambaram stretch remains the deadliest with at least 15 accidents a month.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "IR Electrification Chronology up to 31.03.2004". History of Electrification. IRFCA.org. Retrieved 17 Nov 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Madhavan, D (18 August 2011). "Tambaram station ramps up security". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  3. ^ Madhavan, D (18 May 2012). "No subway, staircases at Tambaram, Chromepet put commuters at risk". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 19 Jan 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Manikandan, K. (22 October 2005). "Tambaram railway station building to open by March". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  5. ^ "Tambaram Railway Station Details". IndianTrains.org. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  6. ^ Manikandan, K. (6 April 2008). "Additional platform coming up at Tambaram railway station". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Madhavan, D (24 March 2012). "Shortage of funds derails gauge conversion works at Tambaram". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 31 Mar 2012. 
  8. ^ Manikandan, K. (3 May 2012). "Long wait for tickets at Tambaram station". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Karthikeyan, K.; P. A. Jebaraj (17 January 2013). "Lack of counter staff irks rail passengers". The Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: The Deccan Chronicle). Retrieved 18 Jan 2013. 
  10. ^ "Objection against Tambaram railway station as terminal". BehindIndia.com. 24 July 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  11. ^ "South protests rail move on Tambaram". Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: Deccan Chronicle). 23 July 2011. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  12. ^ Adimathra, George (21 March 2011). "Tambaram station plan hits end of line". Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: Deccan Chronicle). Retrieved 2 Oct 2011. 
  13. ^ Vydhianathan, S. (19 September 2008). "Railways planning new terminal at Tambaram". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  14. ^ "Goods Sheds". Freight Sheds and Marshalling Yards. Irfca.org. Retrieved 12 Nov 2012. 
  15. ^ "Locomotive Sheds". Sheds and Workshops. Irfca.org. Retrieved 12 Nov 2012. 
  16. ^ "Delay in launch of Tiruvanmiyur-Velachery MRTS service". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). 24 December 2006. Retrieved 9 Dec 2012. 
  17. ^ Madhavan, D (24 January 2009). "MTC begins operations from bus bay at Tambaram railway station". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  18. ^ Karthikeyan, K.; P.A. Jebaraj (6 January 2012). "Tambaram terminus work begins". Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: Deccan Chronicle). Retrieved 6 Jan 2012. 
  19. ^ Madhavan, T. (21 April 2014). "Commuters at Tambaram station move up". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 24 Apr 2014. 
  20. ^ "Chennai: Suburban railway stations to come under CCTV surveillance". IBN Live (Chennai: The New Indian Express). 18 July 2012. Retrieved 14 Jan 2014. 
  21. ^ Madhavan, D. (27 August 2011). "Pedestrians still cross tracks at Tambaram". The Times of India epaper (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011.