The station opened on September 30, 1997, as the southern terminus of the Namboku Line. The Ginza Line platforms opened at the same time.
It is named after the nearby Tameike Crossing (which is itself named for a reservoir [tameike] which once covered the area) and the nearby Sanno Shrine (commonly known as the Hie Shrine). Both "Tameike" and "Sanno" are names of bus stops in the area. The station was originally to be named "Tameike Station" after the closer Tameike stop, but the Sanno name was added in order to satisfy Chiyoda Ward (as Tameike is associated with the Akasaka district of Minato Ward).