Tamil Australians refer to Australians with Tamil background. It includes people whose ancestors were Tamil, or those who currently identify with Tamil language and culture. As per 2011 census, over 39.6% of Tamils were of Sri Lankan Tamil origin and 34.9% of Tamils were of Indian Tamil origin. And 13.1% of Tamils were born in Australia.
Census 2011 lists 50151 Tamil speakers in Australia. The actual numbers of ethnic Tamils are usually double this amount and could be estimated at around 100,000. They live concentrated in Wentworthville, Pendle Hill, Girraween, Toongabbie and Strathfield in Sydney and in Glen Waverley and Dandenong in Melbourne. Most Tamil businesses are concentrated in Pendle Hill-Toongabbie-Seven Hills area. Among this 40% are from Sri Lanka and 35% are from India. There are also 25% Tamils born in various countries like Malaysia, Singapore, Canada, USA, South Africa, Pakistan and Mauritius. More than 80% have completed high school education which is only 50% for the general Australian population. More than 15% own their houses while more than 30% of the general population own their houses.
Saivaite Temple, Perth
Areas with higher concentration of Tamil population according to the 2006 ABS Census are: