Tamil Mauritians are the descendants of Tamil migrants to Mauritius. The original immigrants from Tamil were craftsmen and tradesmen, and arrived when Mauritians was ruled by France. The island nation has a Tamil population of 115,000. Most were brought by the British from Tamil Nadu after 1727 to serve as labourers on the sugar cane plantations. Around 15 percent of Indo-Mauritians are Tamils. The community includes a Hindu majority, and the rest are Christians (largely Roman Catholic), Muslims. They account to 55,000 of the Mauritian population. Of this number, around 7000 people reported that they spoke Tamil. But 71,000 people identified themselves religiously as Tamil. This is due to the fact that most of them mistakenly understood Tamil as their religion instead of as a language.
Thaipusam, the Tamil Hindu festival, is a national holiday in Mauritius and is notable in the temples.
Most can read, write it to some extent, but very few can speak it well. Even though most speak Mauritian Creole, which was introduced by French settlers who arrived at the beginning of the 18th century and established a slave plantation economy based on forced labourers brought from Africa, it includes many Tamil words. A Tamil magazine Pathirikai and Tamil radio Onex FM exist in Mauritius. Most cultural aspects and rituals can be seen in full fledged manner. Around a 100 schools teach Tamil as a mother tongue subject. It can also be learned at the university level. A Tamil conference was held here. Murugan temples are common and some Tamil place names are found here.