Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazagham

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Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazhagam
Leader Prof. Dr. M. H. Jawahirullah
Founded 1995
Headquarters Chennai
Website
www.tmmk.in

Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு முஸ்லீம் முன்னேற்றக் கழகம் (Tamil Nadu Muslim Progress Conference) or TMMK is a Muslim non-governmental organization established in the state of Tamil Nadu in India in 1995. The TMMK has described itself in news releases as "a mass based" organization.[1]

Background[edit]

The objective of TMMK is to protect the rights of the Muslim community in a democratic manner.[2] TMMK has its branch offices in all the districts of Tamil Nadu and in several villages of the state. It also has its foreign offices in Malaysia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other gulf countries. It was involved in Tsunami relief work and does social services including blood donation camps,[3] eye camps[4] and free ambulance services to poor.

Activities[edit]

Rallies and protests[edit]

TMMK invites public to hold peaceful protests and demonstrations for demanding rights of Muslims.[5] In February 2005, the TMMK urged the then-Chief Minister Jayalalithaa Jayaram to direct the Wakf Board to send all its communications only in the Tamil language to the administrators of mosques.[6] A March 2007 rally organized by the TMMK in New Delhi drew support from the Association of Indian Muslims (AIM) of America.[7] The TMMK has campaigned for the reservation of seats in educational institutions and the ear-marking of entrepreneurship schemes for Muslims in Tamil Nadu as per the recommendations of the Sachar Committee.[8] The Tamil Nadu Thawheedh Jamaath (TNTJ) has been termed "a breakaway group" of the organization.[9]

Manithaneya Makkal Katchi[edit]

In early 2009, a new political party Manithaneya Makkal Katchi was launched after an amendment to the bylaws.[10][11][12][13] The party contested in the parliamentary election the same year in 4 constituencies and polled 68,346 votes.[14] But in the 2011 Assembly election, MMK allied with AIADMK and won 2 of 3 seats contested.

Criticism[edit]

On December 6, 2003, 450 activists of the TMMK were arrested for attempting stage a protest rally.[21] Similar arrests were made earlier in 2000 where TMMK members were implicated.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TMMK news release (5 December 2004). "2004: Indian Muslim Statements". The Milli Gazette. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.frontline.in/navigation/?type=static&page=flonnet&rdurl=fl1425/14251120.htm
  3. ^ "Blood donation". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 7 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Free eye camp held by TN Muslim Munnetra Kazhagam". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 31 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Babri Masjid anniversary passes off peacefully at Tiruchi". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 7 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Staff reporter (20 February 2005). "TMMK demand". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  7. ^ Association of Indian Muslims of America news release (7 March 2007). "American Muslims Support Muslim Welfare Rally at the Indian Parliament". Indian Muslims website based in Jupiter, Florida. "Kaleem Kawaja, president of Association of Indian Muslims (AIM) gave his organization's support to the rally organized by Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Khazgam (TMMK) which seek to uplift the Muslim community in India… AIM demanded that the central and state governments implement specific and properly funded programs to alleviate the extraordinary educational and socioeconomic backwardness of the Muslims of India." 
  8. ^ United News of India (16 June 2007). "TMMK appeals to Centre, state to stick to reservation". Webindia123.com. 
  9. ^ Staff reporter (30 August 2006). "Wakf Board takes possession of mosque; tension at Melapalayam". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  10. ^ "TMMK, MMK leaders call on Jayalalithaa". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 6 August 2010. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ "Manithaneya Makkal Katchi wants more than one seat". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 8 March 2009. 
  14. ^ MMK polled 68k votes across 4 parliamentary seats
  15. ^ a b Tamil Nadu: The Rise of Islamist Fundamentalism, by P.G. Rajamohan, South Asia Terrorism Portal
  16. ^ Staff reporters (25 September 2007). "Lift ban on SIMI: TMMK". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  17. ^ Bukay, David (2004). Muhammad's Monsters: A Comprehensive Guide to Radical Islam for Western Audiences P177-178. New Leaf Press. ISBN 0-89221-576-3. "Evidence of these processes [preparation for large-scale acts of terror] is mounting throughout India, and is reflected in the number of fundamentalist and subversive groups that exist, and the geographical spread of their activities. The most prominent of these include the Jamaat-e-Islami Hind, the All India Milli Council, All India Jihad Committee, The People's Democratic Party, Muslim United Front, Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazagham, National Development Front, Students Islamic Movement of India, among others" 
  18. ^ Indicting the police Frontline Magazine - June 10–23, 2000
  19. ^ Beyond Territorial Disputes by Kuldeep Kumar, Deutsche Welle 2007
  20. ^ Behind the Coimbatore tragedy, by T. Subramaniyam, Frontline 15 (05) 1998
  21. ^ Anniversary ends peacefully The Hindu - December 07, 2003
  22. ^ Bandh against attack on mosque The Tribune, Chandigarh - December 12, 2000

External links[edit]