Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2001

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Tamil Nadu legislative assembly election, 2001
India
1996 ←
May 10, 2001 → 2006

All 234 seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu
  First party Second party
  Flag of AIADMK.svg Flag DMK.svg
Leader J. Jayalalithaa M. Karunanidhi
Party AIADMK DMK
Alliance INC+ NDA
Leader's seat could not contest Chepauk
Seats won 196 37
Seat change Increase138 Decrease138
Popular vote 14,043,980 10,841,157
Percentage 50.09% 38.67%
Swing Increase23.01% Decrease15.10%

2001 tamil nadu legislative election map.png

2001 election map (by constituencies)

Chief Minister before election

M. Karunanidhi
DMK

Chief Minister

O. Panneerselvam
AIADMK

The twelfth legislative assembly election of Tamil Nadu was held on May 10, 2001. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK)-led front won the elections and its leader, J. Jayalalithaa was sworn in as Chief Minister, even though she could not legally run as MLA in this election. She was unanimously nominated as Chief Minister by her party and was ready to serve her second term. But due to criminal and corruption charges from her first term, on September 21, 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled in a unanimous verdict that "a person who is convicted for a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such". Thereby, the bench decided that "in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue". In effect her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid with retrospective effect. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between May 14, 2001 and September 21, 2001. After her resignation on September 21, 2001, she put in O. Panneerselvam, as the official 13th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, until she could clear up the charges from her first term, so she can take up the mantle of Chief Minister officially, on March 2, 2002.

Background and Coalition[edit]

The incumbent party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, finished its full 5 terms, for the first time since winning the 1971 state assembly election. According to various sources and exit polls, the incumbent party was supposed to retain power, due to the popularity of its leader M. Karunanidhi. Due to the anti-incumbency factor, problems of development cited by the people in many areas of Tamil Nadu, and a broad coalition formed by ADMK, including Tamil Maanila Congress, who left the alliance of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), because they joined BJP and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), Indian National Congress and the left parties, the ADMK led front, with its leader J. Jayalalithaa, won by a landslide, sweeping across the state.[1]

The coalition at the ADMK led-center would prove to be short-lived, since in less than a year, Pattali Makkal Katchi, and its leader Dr. Ramdoss, left the coalition, citing authoritarian type rule by J. Jayalalithaa. Also the Tamil Maanila Congress, who proved to be an important ally for the victory of ADMK, would later merge with Indian National Congress, who would later support DMK led front in future elections. The left parties would also end up joining the DMK led front, leaving the ADMK after this election. No more election have been conducted by DMK.

Seat allotments[edit]

Source: Various Sources[2][3][4][5][6]

DMK-NDA Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 169
2. Bharatiya Janata Party Dr. S.P. Kripanidhi[7] 21
3. Puthiya Tamilakam K. Krishnasamy 10
4. Makkal Tamil Desam Katchi No flag.svg S. Kannappan 6
5. Puthiya Needhi Katchi No flag.svg A.C. Shanmugham 5
6. MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam No flag.svg Su. Thirunavukkarasar 3
7. MGR Kazhagam No flag.svg R.M. Veerappan 2
8. Kongunadu Makkal Katchi No flag.svg A.M. Raja[8] 1
9. Thamilar Bhoomi No flag.svg Ku.Pa. Krishnan[9] 1
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran under the DMK ticket
10. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Thol. Thirumavalavan 8
11. Tamizhaga Muslim Iykkya Jamaat J.M. Haroon 3
12. Congress Jananayaka Peravai P. Chidambaram[10] 2
13. Tamil Nadu Mutharaiyar Sangam Kuzha Chelliah[9] 1
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran as an independent
14. Indian Uzhavar Uzhaippalar Katchi No flag.svg 'Vettavalam' Manikandan 1
15. Thondar Congress No flag.svg Kumari Ananthan 1

AIADMK-INC Alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 140
2. Tamil Maanila Congress G.K. Moopanar 32
3. Indian National Congress G.K. Moopanar[11] 14
4. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 27
5. Communist Party of India (Marxist) G.Ramakrishnan 8
6. Communist Party of India Tha. Pandian 8
7. All India Forward Bloc L. Santhanam 1
8. Indian Union Muslim League Khader Mohideen[12] 1
Unregistered party, whose candidate ran under the AIADMK ticket
9. Tamizhaga Makkal Katchi John Pandian 1
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran as an independent
10. Indian National League No flag.svg M. Abdul Latheef[13] 1
11. Independent No flag.svg P.S. Arul[14] 1

Opinion polling[edit]

Exit polls[edit]

Agency Dates Results
CNN-IBN - The Hindu 11 May 2001 (Reported) AIADMK+: 125 seats (48% of the vote)
DMK+: 105 seats (47% of the vote)
Others: 4 seats (5% of the vote) [15]

Results[edit]

Results by Pre-Poll Alliance[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
e • d Summary of the 2001 May Assembly election results in TN
Sources: Election Commission of India and Rediff Newspaper [16][17]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
AIADMK+ alliance 196 +138 14,043,980 50.1%
AIADMK 132 +127 8,815,387 31.4% 52.1%
TMC(M) 23 -15 1,885,726 6.7% 47.5%
PMK 20 +16 1,557,500 5.6% 46.8%
INC 7 +7 696,205 2.5% 45.4%
CPI(M) 6 +4 470,736 1.7% 48.2%
CPI 5 -3 444,710 1.6% 48.5%
IND 2 +2 103,971 0.4% 46.6%
AIFB 1 +1 39,248 0.1% 43.3%
MUL 0 -1 30,497 0.1% 41.7%
DMK+ alliance 37 -138 10,841,157 38.7%
DMK 31 -142 8,669,864 30.9% 39.0%
BJP 4 +3 895,352 3.2% 38.7%
MADMK 2 +1 129,474 0.5% 37.1%
PT 0 355,171 1.3% 33.8%
MTD 0 257,126 0.9% 40.9%
PNK 0 196,740 0.7% 33.6%
MGRK 0 136,916 0.5% 40.8%
TB 0 45,002 0.2% 40.0%
CNMK 0 40,421 0.1% 32.4%
IND 0 115,091 0.4% 36.7%
Others 1 3,192,598 11.4%
MDMK 0 1,304,469 4.7% 5.1%
IND 1 1,509,378 6.2% 6.3%
Total 234 28,037,314 100%

Note: Parties that contested under "rising-sun" or "two-leaves" symbol are listed as DMK or AIADMK respectively. Parties that ran their candidates as independents, (e.g. Indian Uzhavar Uzhaippalar Katchi and Thondar Congress in DMK alliance) are listed as IND for their respective alliance.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the average % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.

Constituency wise results[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thehindubusinessline.in/2001/05/14/stories/14145501.htm
  2. ^ The Hindu (Chennai, India) http://www.hindu.com/fline/fl1809/18090310.htm |url= missing title (help). 
  3. ^ The Hindu (Chennai, India). April 2, 2001 http://www.hindu.com/2001/04/02/stories/04022239.htm |url= missing title (help). 
  4. ^ http://www.indiatoday.com/itoday/20010409/tamilnadu2.html
  5. ^ http://www.expressindia.com/news/ie/daily/20010330/ina30041.html
  6. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/2001/04/08/stories/04082235.htm
  7. ^ BJP TN website
  8. ^ AIADMK vs MDMK in Perundurai
  9. ^ a b Tamizhar Bhoomi unhappy with DMK offer
  10. ^ "Veeranam, a major poll plank". The Hindu (Chennai, India). April 28, 2006. 
  11. ^ Cong. aspirants petition TMC chief
  12. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/2001/05/01/stories/1501223p.htm
  13. ^ DMK cadres sore over seat allotment in Vellore district
  14. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2001/05/04/stories/1504405o.htm
  15. ^ "Sweep for UDF, narrow win for AIADMK: exit poll". The Hindu. 11 May 2001. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  16. ^ 2001 Tamil Nadu Election Results dated 12 May 2001, accessed 09 June 2011.
  17. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/may/13tami.htm?h=splitinfinity&d=get&sony
  18. ^ Jayalalithaa's victory, Frontline Cover Story (Volume 19 - Issue 05, Mar. 02 - 15, 2002) '.' Retrieved April 19, 2009.
  19. ^ Pro-incumbency pointers, Frontline (Volume 19 - Issue 12, June 8-21, 2002) '.' Retrieved April 19, 2009.
  20. ^ AIADMK wrests two seats (The Hindu newspaper (June 03, 2002)) accessed April 19, 2009

External links[edit]