Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2006

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Tamil Nadu legislative assembly election, 2006
India
2001 ←
May 8, 2006 → 2011

All 234 seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu
  First party Second party
  Flag DMK.svg Flag of AIADMK.svg
Leader M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Party DMK AIADMK
Alliance DPA ADMK+
Leader's seat Chepauk Andipatti
Seats won 163 69
Seat change Increase71 Decrease64
Popular vote 14,762,647 13,166,445
Percentage 44.75% 39.91%
Swing Increase6.08% Decrease10.18%

2006 tamil nadu legislative election map.jpg

2006 election map (by constituencies)

Chief Minister before election

J. Jayalalithaa
AIADMK

Chief Minister

M. Karunanidhi
DMK

The thirteenth legislative assembly election, of Tamil Nadu was held on May 8, 2006. It was held for all 234 constituencies to elect the government in the state of for the following five years. The votes were counted three days later on May 11, 2006 and all the results were out by the end of the day. The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam-led (DMK) front won the elections and its leader, M Karunanidhi was sworn in as Chief Minister. He served his fifth term. Since no single party could gain a majority of its own in this election, DMK formed a coalition government with its allies, which is the first in the state since the 1952 election. 13th Assembly was instituted due to this election.

Polling[edit]

51659 polling stations were set up for electorate, that sized up to 46,603,827 eligible voters.

Political parties and the alliances[edit]

Tamil Nadu has a remarkable history of being dominated by the local parties, DMK or AIADMK, while the national parties have a strong presence in other states. The parties have resorted to forming alliances in the last few elections to take on each sides for power.

Striking changes in the alliances included the swap of Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) from DMK led Democratic Progressive Alliance to All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) led alliance. While Dalit Panthers of India joined the AIADMK alliance, all other major parties in the fray such as Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), Indian National Congress, CPM and Communist Party of India (CPI), aligned themselves with the DMK party.

There were two notable new parties — Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) formed in September 2005 by actor-turned-politician Vijaykanth, and Lok Paritran formed by Indian Institutes of Technology graduates in February 2006. Both contested alone in this elections.

The contest was between two major alliances in a seat-sharing agreement, the AIADMK alliance and the DMK alliance. These arch rivals had a face-off in 106 seats.

Exit Polls [1] predicted a 157-167 seats in favour of the DMK alliance, while the AIADMK alliance was expected to get 64-74 seats in the assembly.

Before the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections, the Pattali Makkal Katchi left the DMK, citing differences with its leader M. Karunanidhi, and joined the AIADMK, and the Third Front.

Seat allotments[edit]

AIADMK Front[edit]

Source: Financial Express[2]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 182
2. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK logo 2006 04 25.PNG Vaiko 35
3. Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Thol. Thirumavalavan 9
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran under the AIADMK ticket
4. Indian National League Janab 2
5. Indian National Trade Union Congress P.L. Subbaiah[3] 2
6. Indian Union Muslim League (Tamil Nadu) 1
7. MMK 1
8. Forward Bloc (Socialist) 1
9. Janata Dal (Secular) 1

DMK Front[edit]

Source: Outlook India[4]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi 130
2. Indian National Congress K. V. Thangkabalu 48
3. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 31
4. Communist Party of India (Marxist) G. Ramakrishnan 13
5. Communist Party of India Tha Pandian 10
Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran under the DMK ticket
6. Indian Union Muslim League 2

Opinion polling[edit]

Pre-poll surveys[edit]

Agency Dates Results
Goodwill Communications 25 April 2006 (Reported) DMK+: 149 (49% of the vote)
AIADMK+: 83 (39% of the vote)
Others/Undecided: 2 (12% of the vote) [5]
CNN-IBN - The Hindu 14 March 2011 AIADMK+: Too close to call (46% of the vote)
DMK+: Too close to call (44% of the vote)
Tossup: Too close to call (10% of the vote) [6]

Exit polls[edit]

Agency Dates Results
CNN-IBN - The Hindu 11 May 2006 (Reported) DMK+: 157-167 (45% of the vote)
AIADMK+: 64-74 (35% of the vote)
Others: 2-6 (20% of the vote) [7]

Voting and results[edit]

The 2006 Tamil Nadu State Elections saw a record voter turnout of 70.70% an 11% increase compared to the last 2001 elections and the highest since the 1991 elections which saw an 85% voter turnout. The ruling party AIADMK was voted out of power with the DMK alliance regaining power after losing out in the previous elections with a paltry 37 seats. This time however, no party reached the simple majority of 117 of the 234 seats. DMK grabbed the highest number of seats (96) for any contesting party, while AIADMK followed with 61 seats. The Congress won 34 seats while the other national party, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), drew blank after contesting alone in this elections. PMK managed to win 18 seats followed by the Communists (14 seats). MDMK, the party that jumped alliance won 6 seats and the DPI won 2 seats. DMDK, even while contesting in 232 seats managed to score just one seat, with the party leader actor vijayakant winning the seat he contested in Vridhachalam Constituency. There was 1 independent winner.[8][9]

The split results paved way for the formation of the new coalition government led by DMK chief, the 82-year old veteran politician Dr.M Karunanidhi, becoming the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time, with the Congress unconditionally supporting his claim for Chief Ministership and government formation.

Due to the loss of key allies after the previous election, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), ended up losing both the 2004 Lok Sabha Election and the 2006 State Assembly Elections, to DMK led coalition that consisted of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), and former allies of ADMK, Indian National Congress, left parties (Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist)) and Pattali Makkal Katchi.

Results by pre-poll alliance[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
Election map based on % seats won by district
e • d Summary of the 2006 May Assembly election results in TN
Sources: Election Commission of India [10]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
DMK+ alliance 163 +71 14,762,647 44.8%
DMK 96 +65 8,728,716 26.5% 46.0%
INC 34 +4 2,765,768 8.4% 43.5%
PMK 18 -2 1,863,749 5.7% 43.4%
CPI(M) 9 +3 872,674 2.7% 42.7%
CPI 6 +1 531,740 1.6% 40.4%
AIADMK+ alliance 69 -64 13,166,445 39.9%
AIADMK 61 -72 10,768,559 32.6% 40.8%
MDMK 6 +6 1,971,565 6.0% 37.7%
VCK 2 +2 426,321 1.3% 36.1%
Others 2 -7 5,062,463 15.3%
DMDK 1 +1 2,764,223 8.4% 8.5%
BJP 0 -6 666,823 2.0% 2.1%
IND 1 -2 995,345 3.0% 3.1%
Total 234 32,991,555 100%

: Seat changes reflect the following mergers in parties from previous election. MADMK merged with Bharatiya Janata Party in 2002.[11] TMC merged with the national party INC in 2002.[12] Usilampatti FBL MLA L. Santhanam, joined AIADMK and contested in Sholavandan, after being expelled from his party by newly elected actor-turned party leader Karthik Muthuraman.[13]
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.

Constituency wise results[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ CNN-IBN-Hindu Exit Polls Article accessed 13 May 2006.
  2. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/news/aiadmk-to-contest-182-seats/160661/3
  3. ^ http://news.oneindia.in/2006/03/25/kalan-chinnasamy-to-contest-as-intuc-candidates-1143308024.html
  4. ^ http://news.outlookindia.com/item.aspx?384378
  5. ^ "DMK ahead in pre-poll survey". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 25 April 2006. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  6. ^ "Pre-Poll Survey: Close fight in TN". CNN IBN. 14 April 2006. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  7. ^ "TN exit polls: Exit Jaya, welcome MK". CNN-IBN. 11 May 2006. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  8. ^ Newindpress.com Article dated 12 May 2006, accessed 12 May 2006.
  9. ^ The Hindu Article dated 12 May 2006, accessed 12 May 2006.
  10. ^ ECI: 2006 Election Statistical Report
  11. ^ http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/lok13/biodata/13TN32.htm
  12. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/oldStory/4560/
  13. ^ http://news.oneindia.in/2006/03/14/santhanam-to-contest-one-seat-as-aiadmk-ally-1142338370.html
  14. ^ "Tamil Nadu's changing political landscape". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 May 2006. 
  15. ^ Election Commission of India; 2006 Tamil Nadu Results accessed 12 May 2006.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Election Commission of India - DMK Performance Page accessed 11 May 2006.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Election Commission of India Official Tamil Nadu Results accessed 12 May 2006.
  18. ^ a b Karunanidhi on comeback trail in Tamil Nadu, IBNLive Article, accessed 11 May 2006.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Election Commission of India Newsflash, accessed 11 May 2006.

External links[edit]