Tamil culture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Tamil child's ear piercing ceremony.[1]

Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people. Tamil culture is rooted in the arts and ways of life of Tamils in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and across the globe. Tamil culture is expressed in language, literature, music, dance, theatre, folk arts, martial arts, painting, sculpture, architecture, sports, media, comedy, cuisine, costumes, celebrations, philosophy, religions, traditions, rituals, organizations, science, and technology.

Language and Literature[edit]

Tamil language and Tamil literature.

Religion[edit]

The Tamils are nature lovers and their relation to the religion is based on the nature. Currently, 88% of the population in Tamil Nadu are Saivam, Vainavam, Ayya Vazhi & Atheist/Agnostic, 6% are Christians, 5.57% are Muslims and the rest consists of different religions including Buddhists. This could largely be attributed to several cultural diffusion between India and other countries through trade,colonization and increasing improvement in technology.

Murugan, Lord Muruga is the supreme deity of the Tamil Culture. He is usually referred to as the Tamil god because it is said that when Lord Muruga was young he had an argument over a fruit with his brother Lord Ganesh and he got very angry when his father Lord Shiva said that Ganesh should have it and he moved out of Kailash to find his own group of people, the Tamils and decided to make Tamil Nadu his residence. The Tamils worship him as their main God. The original Six Abodes of Lord Muruga are currently located in Tamil Nadu,India.

Sculpture[edit]

Bronze Chola statue depicting Shiva dancing as Nataraja. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

Tamil sculpture ranges from elegant stone sculptures in temples, to bronze icons with exquisite details.[2] The medieval Chola bronzes are considered to be one of India's greatest contributions to the world art.[3][4] Unlike most Western art, the material in Tamil sculpture does not influence the form taken by the sculpture; instead, the artist imposes his/her vision of the form on the material.[5] As a result, one often sees in stone sculptures flowing forms that are usually reserved for metal.[6] As with painting, these sculptures show a fine eye for detail; great care is taken in sculpting the minute details of jewellery, worn by the subjects of the sculpture. The lines tend to be smooth and flowing, and many pieces skillfully capture movement. The cave sculptures at Mamallapuram are a particularly fine example of the technique, as are the bronzes of the Chola period. A particularly popular motif in the bronzes was the depiction of Shiva as Nataraja, in a dance posture with one leg upraised and a fiery circular halo surrounding his body.

Art[edit]

Main articles: Chola art and Tanjore painting

Ornaments or Jewellery[edit]

Decorations[edit]

Main articles: Kolam and Thoranam

Medicine[edit]

Main article: Siddha medicine

Folk[edit]

Martial Arts[edit]

Main article: Tamil martial arts

Music[edit]

Dance[edit]

Folk Arts[edit]

Tamil folk art includes mainly karakattam, oyilattam, kavadiattam.

Main article: Tamil folk culture

Film[edit]

The Tamil cinema industry is the second largest film industry in India after Bollywood

Cuisine[edit]

The Tamil cuisine contains all sorts of food, it is traditionally served on a banana leaf, which has many medical properties.

Tamil culinary terminology absorbed in English

  • The word curry is an anglicisation of the Tamil word kari
  • Kanji to Congee

Sports[edit]

Main article: Sports in Tamil Nadu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sushil Mittal, Gene R. Thursby (2008). Studying Hinduism: key concepts and methods. Taylor & Francis. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-415-30125-1. 
  2. ^ "SHILPAIC LITERATURE OF THE TAMILS". V. Ganapathi. INTAMM. Retrieved 2006-12-04. 
  3. ^ Aschwin Lippe (December 1971). "Divine Images in Stone and Bronze: South India, Chola Dynasty (c. 850–1280)". Metropolitan Museum Journal (The Metropolitan Museum of Art) 4: 29–79. doi:10.2307/1512615. JSTOR 1512615. The bronze icons of Early Chola period are one of India's greatest contribution to world art... 
  4. ^ "Heaven sent: Michael Wood explores the art of the Chola dynasty". Royal Academy, UK. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  5. ^ Berkson, Carmel (2000). "II The Life of Form pp29–65". The Life of Form in Indian Sculpture. Abhinav Publications. ISBN 81-7017-376-0. 
  6. ^ Sivaram 1994

External links[edit]