Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people. Tamil culture is rooted in the arts and ways of life of Tamils in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore and across the globe. Tamil culture is expressed in language, literature, music, dance, theatre, folk arts, martial arts, painting, sculpture, architecture, sports, media, comedy, cuisine, costumes, celebrations, philosophy, religions, traditions, rituals, organizations, science, and technology.
Language and Literature
The Tamils are nature lovers and their relation to the religion is based on the nature.Currently,88% of the population in Tamil Nadu are Saivam, Vainavam, Ayya Vazhi & Non believers, 6% are Christians, 5.57% are Muslims and the rest consists of different religions including Buddhists.This could largely be attributed to several cultural diffusion between India and other countries through trade,colonization and increasing improvement in technology.
Sivan, Lord Sivan is the supreme deity of the Tamil Culture. He is usually referred to as the Tamil god because it's said that when Lord Muruga was young he had an argument over a fruit with his brother Lord Ganesh and he got very angry when his father Lord Shiva said that Ganesh should have it and he moved out of Kailash to find his own group of people, the Tamils and decided to make Tamil Nadu his residence. The Tamils worship him as their main God. The original Six Abodes of Lord Muruga are currently located in Tamil Nadu,India.
The Tamil architecture is one of the most ancient and best architecture in the world. Tamil architecture is the style and techniques developed in the Tamil regions over thousands years. Although ancient Tamil architecture included houses, palaces and public buildings, the surviving ancient signatory buildings are temples. Two important collections of these ancient monuments have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. They are Mahabalipuram (600-900), and the Great Living Chola Temples (848-1280), the Meenakshi Temple, the Brihadeeswarar Temple.
Tamil sculpture ranges from elegant stone sculptures in temples, to bronze icons with exquisite details. The medieval Chola bronzes are considered to be one of India's greatest contributions to the world art. Unlike most Western art, the material in Tamil sculpture does not influence the form taken by the sculpture; instead, the artist imposes his/her vision of the form on the material. As a result, one often sees in stone sculptures flowing forms that are usually reserved for metal. As with painting, these sculptures show a fine eye for detail; great care is taken in sculpting the minute details of jewellery, worn by the subjects of the sculpture. The lines tend to be smooth and flowing, and many pieces skillfully capture movement. The cave sculptures at Mamallapuram are a particularly fine example of the technique, as are the bronzes of the Chola period. A particularly popular motif in the bronzes was the depiction of Shiva as Nataraja, in a dance posture with one leg upraised and a fiery circular halo surrounding his body.
Tamil folk art includes mainly karakattam, oyilattam, kavadiattam.
Tamil culinary terminology absorbed in English
- The word curry is an anglicisation of the Tamil word kari
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