|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 8th district
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Joe Walsh|
|Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs in the Department of Veterans Affairs|
April 24, 2009 – June 30, 2011
|Preceded by||Lisette Mondello|
|Succeeded by||Michael Galloucis|
|Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs|
November 21, 2006 – February 8, 2009
|Preceded by||Roy Dolgos|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Grant|
|Born||Ladda Tammy Duckworth
March 12, 1968
|Alma mater||University of Hawaii, Manoa
George Washington University
Northern Illinois University
|Awards|| Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal
Army Commendation Medal with Oak leaf cluster
Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal with four Oak leaf clusters
Combat Action Badge
Senior Army Aviator Badge
|Website||Profile, duckworth.house.gov; accessed November 12, 2014.|
|Service/branch|| United States Army
Illinois Army National Guard
|Years of service||1992–2014|
|Unit||106th Aviation Regiment, 28th Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||Iraq War (WIA)|
Ladda Tammy Duckworth (born March 12, 1968) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Illinois's 8th congressional district since 2013. A Democrat, she is the first Asian American woman elected to Congress in Illinois, the first disabled woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and the first member of Congress born in Thailand.
Duckworth previously served as Assistant Secretary for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs in the United States Department of Veterans Affairs from April 24, 2009 to June 30, 2011, and as the Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs from November 21, 2006 to February 8, 2009.
An Iraq War veteran, Duckworth served as a U.S. Army helicopter pilot and suffered severe combat wounds, losing both of her legs and damaging her right arm. She was the first female double amputee from the war. Having received a medical waiver, she continued to serve as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Illinois Army National Guard along with her husband, Major Bryan W. Bowlsbey, a signal officer and fellow Iraq War veteran. Duckworth retired from the Army in October 2014, and was reelected to Congress in November.
- 1 Early life, education, and military service
- 2 Post-military career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life, education, and military service
Tammy Duckworth was born in Bangkok, Thailand, to Frank and Lamai Duckworth. Her American father, Franklin, who died in 2005, was a U.S. Marine Corps veteran who traced his family's roots in America back to before the Revolutionary War. Her mother, Lamai, a Thai, has Chinese ancestry. Because of her father's work with the United Nations and international companies, the family moved around Southeast Asia. Duckworth became fluent in Thai and Indonesian, in addition to English.
The family settled in Hawaii when she was sixteen. Duckworth attended Singapore American School, and for a few months in her senior year was at the International School Bangkok. She graduated with honors from McKinley High School in 1985, after skipping the ninth grade. She graduated from the University of Hawaii in 1989 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science, and received a Master of Arts in international affairs from George Washington University.
Following in the footsteps of her father and ancestors, who served in the Revolutionary War, World War II, and the Vietnam War, Duckworth joined the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps as a graduate student at George Washington University in 1990. She became a commissioned officer in the United States Army Reserve in 1992 and chose to fly helicopters because it was one of the few combat jobs open to women. As a member of the Army Reserve, she went to flight school, later transferring to the Army National Guard and entering the Illinois Army National Guard in 1996.
Duckworth was working towards a Ph.D in political science at Northern Illinois University, with research interests in the political economy and public health in southeast Asia, when she was deployed to Iraq in 2004. She lost her right leg near the hip and her left leg below the knee from injuries sustained on November 12, 2004, when the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter she was co-piloting was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by Iraqi insurgents. She is the first female double amputee from the Iraq war. The explosion "almost completely destroyed her right arm, breaking it in three places and tearing tissue from the back side of it." Duckworth received a Purple Heart on December 3 and was promoted to Major on December 21 at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where she was presented with an Air Medal and Army Commendation Medal.
She retired from the Illinois Army National Guard in October 2014 as a Lieutenant Colonel.
Duckworth was fitted for prosthetics and is now fully mobile. She helped establish the "Intrepid Foundation" and is involved in its fundraising to build a rehabilitation center for other injured veterans.
Duckworth was appointed Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs by Governor Rod Blagojevich from November 21, 2006 to February 8, 2009. She was honored by Chicago's Access Living for "her extraordinary commitment to veterans with disabilities".
On September 17, 2008, Duckworth attended a campaign event for Dan Seals, the Democratic candidate for Illinois's 10th congressional district. Duckworth used vacation time to avoid any appearance of impropriety, but violated Illinois law by going to the event in a state-owned van which was equipped for a person with physical disabilities. She promptly acknowledged the mistake and repaid the state for the use of the van.
On February 3, 2009, Duckworth was nominated to be the Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. The United States Senate confirmed her for the position on April 22. On June 30, 2011, Duckworth resigned from her position to launch her campaign for the U.S. House of Representatives in Illinois' 8th Congressional District.
Former Republican Presidential candidate and Senator Bob Dole dedicated his biography One Soldier's Story in part to Duckworth. Duckworth credits Dole for inspiring her to pursue public service while she recuperated at Walter Reed Army Medical Center although, in 2006, Dole endorsed Duckworth's Republican opponent, Peter Roskam.
In 2007, Duckworth was honored by the non-profit group Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America with the "Veterans Leadership Award", in recognition of her dedication to the nation's newest generation of veterans. In May 2010, Duckworth was awarded an honorary doctorate by Northern Illinois University.
On June 26, 2013, during a hearing of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, Duckworth received national media attention after questioning Strong Castle CEO Braulio Castillo on a $500 million government contract the company had been awarded based on Castillo's disabled veteran status.
U.S. House of Representatives
After long-time incumbent Republican Henry Hyde announced his retirement from Congress, several candidates began campaigning for the office. Duckworth won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 44%, defeating 2004 nominee Christine Cegelis with 40%, and Wheaton College professor Lindy Scott with 16%. In the Republican primary, Illinois Senator Peter Roskam ran unopposed. While she raised over $1 million more than Roskam, on November 7 Duckworth lost by only 4,810 votes, with 49% to Roskam's 51%.
In July 2011, Duckworth launched her campaign to run in 2012 for Illinois's 8th congressional district. Duckworth defeated former Deputy Treasurer of Illinois Raja Krishnamoorthi for the Democratic nomination on March 20, 2012, then faced incumbent Republican Joe Walsh in the general election. Duckworth received the endorsement of both the Chicago Tribune and the Daily Herald. Walsh generated controversy when in July 2012, at a campaign event, he accused Duckworth of politicizing her military service and injuries, saying "my God, that's all she talks about. Our true heroes, the men and women who served us, it's the last thing in the world they talk about," and faced significant backlash for the comments.
Duckworth was sworn into office on January 3, 2013.
On April 3, 2013, Duckworth publicly returned 8.4% of her Congressional salary for that month to the United States Department of Treasury in solidarity with furloughed government workers. She released the news via a tweet of her check. She joined President Barack Obama, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel and Deputy Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
At the AmVets' National Symposium for the Needs of Young Veterans in 2012, Duckworth called for improvements in veterans health care. She called for mandatory funding of veterans' health care, rather than discretionary funding that could change with political winds; she also wants improvements in transition assistance for those returning to civilian life, particularly for those with disabilities. Duckworth also wanted the Department of Veterans Affairs to hire more veterans as doctors and nurses because they understand what combat veterans face, and she wants the VA to prepare for the possibility of severe respiratory problems in the future for Iraq war veterans.
According to The Washington Post, Duckworth believes that abortion and end-of-life decisions are private matters and should not be subject to federal restriction. During her 2006 campaign for U.S. Congress, Duckworth was endorsed by EMILY's List.
On August 23, 2006, Duckworth was endorsed by the Illinois Education Association and the Illinois Federation of Teachers. In accepting the endorsements, Duckworth criticized the Bush administration's education policy of No Child Left Behind Act.
Duckworth was critical of the administration of President George W. Bush for its provision of veterans' care, and was chosen by the Democratic Party to give the September 30, 2006, response to President Bush's weekly radio address. Her strategic recommendations included requesting an immediate accounting by the U.S. Secretary of Defense of the readiness level and the training of the Iraqi forces, followed by aggressive benchmarks for progress and redeployment of U.S. troops linked to the stand-up of Iraqi troops, saying the U.S. should proceed by standing-down a defined number of U.S. units for every Iraqi battalion that can be properly trained and certified as combat-ready.
"We're attracting more people to terrorism than ever before. We really need to think about drawing down," she told The Sunday Times. "I want the Secretary of Defense to come before Congress and tell us how many Iraqis are fully trained. If two guys can do traffic control in Kirkuk, I want to bring two Americans home."
When asked whether she would like to see Bush impeached, Duckworth said that Congress had "far more pressing issues to deal with."
In August 2006, Duckworth called on Congress to audit the estimated $437 billion spent on overseas military and foreign aid since September 11, 2001. She said, "Real and meaningful oversight has taken a back seat to partisan inaction. With the right kind of leadership Congress can bring greater fiscal discipline and accountability to the billions of dollars we are spending on our military efforts."
On October 10, 2006, Duckworth was endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. The endorsement was announced in a joint appearance with the Fraternal Order of Police, who had also endorsed Duckworth. At the press conference in Lombard, Illinois, Duckworth referred to the recent school shootings and criticized her opponent's opposition to renewing a Federal ban on semi-automatic firearms, which expired in 2004. Duckworth claimed, "Basically, whatever the NRA wants, Peter Roskam will vote for it." She supported the Brady Law, which requires background checks for gun purchases from federally licensed firearm dealers.
|Year||Office||District||Election||Votes for Duckworth||%||Opponent||Party||Votes||%|
|2006||U.S. House||6th||General||86,572||48%||Peter Roskam||Republican||91,382||51%|
- O'Toole, Molly (May 14, 2012). "Unseen: Trailblazing Military Women Forced To Fight For Recognition, Equal Treatment". Huffington Post.
- Brown, Mark (February 14, 2007). "Duckworth's husband Iraq-bound". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- O'Connor, Philip. "Downed Pilot Finally Hears Uplifting Words She Awaited." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 27, 2005. Article available at Arlington Cemetery website page for Franklin G. Duckworth. 
- Adam Weinstein (September–October 2012). "Nobody Puts Tammy Duckworth in a Corner". Mother Jones (magazine). Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Slevin, Peter. "After War Injury, an Iraq Vet Takes on Politics". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Will Hoover (January 15, 2006). "Duckworth working to win". Honolulu Advertiser (Honolulu, Hawaii).
- Haskall, Bob (January 6, 2005). "U.S. Army National Guard Maj. Tammy Duckworth: Illinois Guard officer faces adversity with courage, concern for troops". Defend America. Department of Defense]. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- "Iraq Vet's New Fight is for Congress". CBS News. Archived from the original on February 23, 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Honolulu Advertiser, Can-do spirit rises from crash March 17, 2005; accessed August 22, 2012.
- "The pedals were gone, and so were my legs", June 14, 2005, Stars and Stripes.
- Camire, Dennis (March 18, 2005). "Franklin G. Duckworth, Captain, United States Army". Unofficial Arlington National Cemetery Website. Retrieved 2006-10-20.
- "Illinois lieutenant governor honors Rotary Centennial and RI employee". Rotary International. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- "Duckworth Retires". Public Affairs Office, Illinois National Guard. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Director L. Tammy Duckworth: Committed to Serving Country and Community". Illinois Department of Veterans' Affairs.
- Sweet, Lynn (November 21, 2006). "Gov picks Duckworth for Veterans Affairs". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Karen Meyer, Duckworth to be honored for commitment to disabled veterans, ABC-7 Chicago website; accessed November 12, 2014.
- newsblogs.chicagotribune.com, September 18, 2008.
- Susan Kuczka, "Official admits error using state van; Tammy Duckworth took time off from job as state Veterans Affairs director to attend a campaign event but ran into controversy", Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL: September 18, 2008, pg. 1.
- "Duckworth Tapped for VA Assistant Secretary". United States Department of Veterans Affairs. February 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- "Senate Confirms Duckworth's Federal Nomination". Associated Press. April 23, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Sneed, Michael (August 20, 2006). "Did you know.". Chicago Sun-Times (Sun-Times News Group).
- Biemer, John (September 29, 2006). "Dole makes it clear: He backs Roskam over Duckworth". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved 2006-10-20.
- "Tammy Duckworth: IAVA's 2007 Veterans Leadership Award"
- "NIU to award honorary degree to 'a true American hero'". Niu.edu. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "Conventions 2008 – the Democrats". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- "Ledbetter, Baldwin, Longoria to address Dem convention". Retrieved 2012-08-22.
- "Duckworth touts Obama record at DNC convention", articles.chicagotribune.com; accessed November 12, 2014.
- Mordecai, Adam. "What's The Dumbest Thing You Could Say To A Congresswoman Who Lost Her Legs In Battle? Um, THIS". Unworthy.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Graham, D. A. (June 27, 2013). "Tammy Duckworth's Impassioned Shaming of a Faux-Disabled Vet". The Atlantic. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Thompson, M. (June 27, 2013). "Service-Connected Dissembling". TIME Magazine. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Chumley, C. (June 27, 2013). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth, double amputee, slams IRS worker on disability". Washington Times. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Election 2006 Results: State Races, Illinois". CNN. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- Sneed, Michael (July 6, 2011). "Tammy Duckworth running for Congress again, in redrawn 8th". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- For the House: Duckworth, editorial board, Chicago Tribune, October 8, 2012.
- Endorsement: Duckworth over Walsh in 8th Congressional District, editorial board, Daily Herald, October 8, 2012.
- "Walsh defends remarks on whether Duckworth is true hero". Chicago Tribune. July 3, 2012.
- votevets.org (March 29, 2012). "New Low: Deadbeat Congressman Joe Walsh Insults Veterans' Sacrifice (press release)". votevets.org.
- "2012 Election Results by State – Illinois". Politico.
- Duaa Eldeib (November 10, 2012). "Duckworth the first Asian-American from Illinois in Congress". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
-  via @TammyDuckworth
- "Candidate Duckworth sounds call to aid injured vets" by Rick Maze, Marine Corps Times Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- After War Injury, an Iraq Vet Takes on Politics
- Jeff Zeleny and John Biemer .Duckworth praised for stance on abortion: EMILY'S List backs congressional hopeful. Chicago Tribune. May 12, 2006.
- Duckworth for Congress. "Duckworth outlines steps that can be taken to improve education."
- "Illinois Congressional Candidate Tammy Duckworth to Deliver Democratic Radio Address", Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee press release, dated September 30, 2006.
- "War vet turned candidate attacks Bush on Iraq", Associated Press, September 30, 2006.
- Duckworth for Congress press release, archive.org, October 4, 2006.
- Sarah Baxter"War heroine leads Democrat charge", The Sunday Times, October 22, 2006.
- Pat Corcoran (August 17, 2006). "Duckworth calls for investigation of foreign spending since 9/11". Northbrook Star. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006.
- John Biemer and Christi Parsons, "Gun law heats up race for Congress", Chicago Tribune, October 11, 2006 (registration required)
- Eric Krol, "Duckworth takes aim at Roskam gun record", dailyherald.com, October 11, 2006.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tammy Duckworth.|
- Tammy Duckworth at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Tammy Duckworth at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Duckworth participates in panel discussion, Returning Veterans at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library
|Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs
|Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs in the Department of Veterans Affairs
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 8th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority