Tammy Rae Carland
|Tammy Rae Carland|
Tammy Rae Carland in her studio, Oakland CA, 2014
|Born||Tammy Rae Carland
Portland, Maine, United States
|Education||BA, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA ; MFA, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA ; Whitney Museum Independent Study Program, New York, NY|
|Known for||Photography, Video art|
|Notable work||Lesbian Beds, Odd Girl Out|
Tammy Rae Carland is a photographer, video artist, zine editor, professor and former co-owner of the independent lesbian music label Mr. Lady Records and Videos. Her work has been published, screened and exhibited around the world in galleries and museums in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Berlin and Sydney.
Carland was born in Portland, Maine in 1965. She grew up with 4 siblings and was raised by her single mother. She was the first in her family to graduate from high school.
Zines, Videos, and Music
In the late 1980s, while she was studying photography at The Evergreen State College, Carland co-founded the independent art gallery Reko Muse (a.k.a. wreck-o-muse) in Olympia, Washington with fellow photography student, Kathleen Hannah and another friend, Heidi Arbogast. They formed a band, Amy Carter, who performed during art exhibitions. Kathleen Hanna often did spoken word performances at the gallery. Local band, Nirvana, led by Kurt Cobain, periodically played benefit shows to support the gallery.
After Amy Carter broke up, Carland remained friends with Hannah. She collaborated on the record art for Hannah’s band, Bikini Kill. Carland is also the namesake of the Bikini Kill song "For Tammy Rae" off the album Pussy Whipped. She also collaborated on album art for bands such as The Fakes and The Butchies.
Hannah contributed to Carland’s next project, the independently produced fanzine, I (heart) Amy Carter. Other contributors included Donna Dresch of the queercore band, Team Dresch. Carland’s zine writings have been republished in A Girl's Guide to Taking Over the World edited by Karen Green and Tristan Taormino and The Riot Grrrl Collection edited by Lisa Darms.
After the zine's demise, Carland turned her focus to photography and filmmaking. Excerpts from her film Lady Outlaws and Faggot Wannabes are included in the documentary film She's Real, Worse Than Queer by Lucy Thane, and Carland is also interviewed in this film. She has also been a contributor to Joanie4Jackie, a film compilation zine created by Miranda July, which featured Dear Mom and Becky 1977 in the first and second issues respectively. Her videos Live From Somewhere, Odd Girl Out and Lady Outlaws and Faggot Wannabes have screened nationally and internationally.
From 1997-2005, Carland ran in partnership Mr. Lady Records and Videos. Mr. Lady was an independent record label and video distribution company dedicated to promoting feminist and queer culture. Mr. Lady released recordings by The Butchies, Kaia Wilson (Carland's ex-partner and Mr. Lady co-founder), and Le Tigre.
Carland's photographs appear in the book The Passionate Camera: Photography and Bodies of Desire edited by Deborah Bright and Lesbian Art in America edited by Harmony Hammond. Carland has several bodies of work that have been shown in museums and galleries. She is currently represented by Jessica Silverman Gallery.
Carland has described herself as a maker rather than a documentarian, with regard to her art practice. In general, her photographs are carefully staged rather than captured in the moment. She has cited Bernd and Hilla Becher, Felix Gonzales-Torres and Imogen Cunningham as influences, especially on her "Lesbian Beds" series.The series contains photographs of her friends' unmade beds, all taken from the same aerial perspective, just minutes after being vacated. In the series "Horror Girls", Carland dresses up to recreate scenes and characters from horror movies. In "On Becoming: Billy and Katie 1964" Carland creates snapshot portraits of her dressed as her parents. "Photoback" is a series in which she photographed found photos that have captions hand written on the backs. "Keeping House" is a series Carland did with Kaia Wilson, staging scene from their home life together. The series "Post Partum Portraits" was created after Carland became a mother. Her series "Archive of Feelings" was featured in Alien She: Examining the lasting impact of Riot Grrrl , an exhibition held at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco, CA and the Orange County Museum of Art.
Carland is Dean of Fine Arts at California College of the Arts where she is a Professor of Photography as well as Fine Arts. Carland has also taught at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC and DePauw University, Greencastle, IN.
- Carpenter, Susan (3 March 2002). "When Dance Becomes Stance". Los Angeles Times.
- "Tammy Rae Carland, California College of the Arts". California College of the Art Faculty Directory. California College of the Arts. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
- Thornton, Sarah (2014). 33 artists in 3 acts. New York, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. pp. 68–74. ISBN 9780393240979.
- Anderson, Sini (2014). The Punk Singer (documentary). New York, N.Y.: IFC Films.
- Green, Karen (1997). A Girl's Guide to Taking Over the World: Writings from the Girl Zine Revolution. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 9780312155353.
- Darms, Lisa (2013). The Riot Grrrl Collection. New York, N.Y.: Feminist Press. pp. 101–120. ISBN 9781558618220.
- Geha, Katie (2015). "Pitfall Tramps". Artforum. Retrieved 2015-04-14.
- Bright, Deborah (1998). The Passionate Camera: Queer Bodies of Desire. New York, N.Y.: Routledge. pp. 298, 305–305. ISBN 0415145821.
- Hammond, Harmony (2000). Lesbian Art in America. New York, N.Y.: Rizzoli. pp. 78–79, 137. ISBN 0847822486.
- Carland, Tammy Rae (2004). The gray area panel discussion (lecture video). San Francisco: California College of the Arts.
- "Alien She, YBCA". Alien She. Yerba Buena Center for the Arts. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
- "Alien She, Orange County Museum of Art". Alien She, Orange County Museum of Art. Orange County Museum of Art. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
- Tammy Rae Carland site
- Tammy Rae Carland Bio
- Artist page, Silverman Gallery, San Francisco
- Interview on Art Practical
- Faculty profile page
- Tammy Rae Carland "I (heart) Amy Carter" Riot Grrrl Collection at the Fales Special Collections Library at NYU
- Tammy Rae Carland Zine Collection at the Fales Special Collections Library at NYU
- Mr. Lady Archive at the Fales Special Collections Library at NYU
- Tammy Rae Carland at Kadist Art Foundation
- Art in the Grip of Riot Grrrl Hyperallergic article