Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra
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|Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra|
|Former name||Tampere Orchestra, Tampere City Orchestra|
|Concert hall||Tampere Hall|
|Principal conductor||Santtu-Matias Rouvali|
The Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra (Finnish:Tampere Filharmonia) is a Finnish orchestra based in Tampere. Founded in 1930, and maintained by the municipality of Tampere since 1947, the orchestra is currently based in the Tampere Hall. The orchestra collaborates with the Tampere Opera and Tampere Ballet and regularly participates in the Tampere Biennale music festival.
In 1929, the Tampere Music Board decided to establish a local orchestra, and entrusted the task of assembling the musicians to Elias Kiianmies, who became the orchestra's first chief conductor. The ensemble, first named the Tampereen Orkesteri (Tampere Orchestra) and consisting of 34 musicians, gave its first performance on January 6, 1930 in the Tampere Town Hall. In the spring of 1932, Eero Kosonen became chief conductor of the orchestra, and held the post for a record 37 years. In 1947, the municipality took over the orchestra, renaming it the Tampereen Kaupunginorkesteri (Tampere City Orchestra). Under the new name, the orchestra gave its first performance on January 9.
During the 1970s, the number of musicians increased to 59. In 1974, the orchestra released its first record, Kalevi Aho's Symphony No. 4. Since then, 40 recordings have been released locally and internationally, on such labels as Finlandia and Ondine. As a part of its 50th anniversary celebrations, the orchestra made its first international tour, visiting Stockholm and Norrköping in Sweden. The orchestra first toured the United States in 1987.
In 1990, the Soviet-born American Leonid Grin became the orchestra's first chief conductor from outside of Finland. The orchestra relocated to the new 1756-seat Tampere Hall. In 1998, Eri Klas became the orchestra's chief conductor, and held the post until 2006. Klas now has the title of Conductor Laureate of the orchestra.
The orchestra received its current name in 2002. The size of the orchestra continued to increase and reached 97 musicians in 2005, thus becoming the only full-scale Finnish symphony orchestra outside Helsinki. With the start of the 2013-2014 season, the orchestra's chief conductor is Santtu-Matias Rouvali, who first guest-conducted the orchestra in January 2010. He subsequently returned as a guest conductor in December 2011, and the orchestra announced Rouvali's appointment in September 2012. His initial contract is for 3 years.
The orchestra has educational programmes aimed at children and youth, and is the first Finnish orchestra with a young listeners' club. Outside of classical music, the orchestra participated in the recording of the power metal album Vendetta by the Finnish band Celesty.
- Elias Kiianmies (1930–1932)
- Eero Kosonen (1932–1968)
- Juhani Raiskinen (1969–1973)
- Jouko Saari (1973–1974)
- Paavo Rautio (1974–1987)
- Atso Almila (1987–1989)
- Ari Rasilainen (1989–1990)
- Leonid Grin (1990–1994)
- Tuomas Ollila (1994–1998)
- Eri Klas (1998–2006)
- John Storgårds (2006–2009)
- Hannu Lintu (2009–2013)
- Santtu-Matias Rouvali (2013-present)
- George Jelinek (2009-11-12). "Sibelius, and Those Other Fellows From Finland". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- Andrew Clements (2007-09-07). "Panufnik: Sinfonia di Sfere; Sinfonia Sacra; etc, Tampere PO/ Storgards". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- Bernard Holland (1987-05-18). "From Finland, The Tampere Philharmonic". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- "Santtu-Matias Rouvali appointed Chief Conductor and Artistic Director from 2013" (Press release). Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-19.