Tamtert

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Tamtert
ﺗﺎﻣﺘﺮت
Commune and town
Location of Tamtert commune within Béchar Province
Location of Tamtert commune within Béchar Province
Tamtert is located in Algeria
Tamtert
Tamtert
Location of Tamtert within Algeria
Coordinates: 29°54′37″N 1°53′25″W / 29.91028°N 1.89028°W / 29.91028; -1.89028Coordinates: 29°54′37″N 1°53′25″W / 29.91028°N 1.89028°W / 29.91028; -1.89028
Country  Algeria
Province Béchar Province
District Béni Abbès District
Area[1]
 • Total 3,130 km2 (1,210 sq mi)
Elevation 454 m (1,490 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Total 1,249
 • Density 0.40/km2 (1.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Tamtert (Arabic: اﻟﻮ ﻃﺎء‎), also written Tamert[2] or Tamatart[3] is a town and commune in Béni Abbès District, Béchar Province, in western Algeria. According to the 2008 census its population is 1,248,[2] down from 1,302 in 1998,[4] with an annual growth rate of -0.4%.[2] The commune covers an area of 3,130 square kilometres (1,210 sq mi).[1]

Geography[edit]

Tamtert lies at an elevation of 454 metres (1,490 ft) on the left (northeast) bank of the Oued Saoura in the Saoura valley. The Grand Erg Occidental, a large area of continuous sand dunes lies to the east, while the rocky ridges of the Ougarta Range rise to the west, running from northwest to southeast along the opposite side of the river from the town beyond a barren, rocky plain.

Climate[edit]

Tamtert has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with extremely hot summers and cool winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main industry in Tamtert. The commune has a total of 869 hectares (2,150 acres) of arable land, of which 784 hectares (1,940 acres) is irrigated.[5] There are a total of 26,250 date palms planted in the commune.[6] As of 2009 there were 270 sheep, 744 goats, and 585 camels. There were also 8,400 chickens.[7]

Infrastructure and housing[edit]

90% of Tamtert's population is connected to drinking water,[8] 90% is connected to the sewerage system,[9] and 99% (including 271 buildings) have access to electricity.[10] There are no one fuel services station in the town; the nearest is in El Ouata.[11]

Tamtert has a total of 364 houses, of which 165 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 7.6 inhabitants per occupied building.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Tamtert is connected by a local road to the N6 national highway between Béchar to the northwest and Adrar to the southeast. Towns accessible to the north via the N6 include Béni Abbès and Igli, while to the south the towns of El Ouata, Béni Ikhlef, Kerzaz, and Ouled Khoudir can be accessed. Local roads also connect the town directly to the district centers of Béni Abbès and El Ouata.

Tamtert is 271 kilometres (168 mi) by road from the provincial capital, Béchar, 57 kilometres (35 mi) from the district capital, Béni Abbès, and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the nearest town, El Ouata.[13] There is a total length of 43 kilometres (27 mi) of roads in the commune.[14]

Education[edit]

There are 3 elementary schools, with 15 classrooms including 13 in use.[15] There are a total of 105 school students; secondary students study in Béni Abbès or El Ouata.[16]

5.1% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 14.3% has competed secondary education.[17] The overall literacy rate is 73.4%, and is 81.9% among males and 65.5% among females.[18]

Health[edit]

Tamtert has very few health facilities, with just one room care facility. The nearest polyclinics are in El Ouata, and the nearest hospital is in Béni Abbès.[19]

Religion[edit]

Tamtert has 3 operational mosques, with another 2 under construction.[20]

Localities[edit]

The commune is composed of four localities:[21]

Béchir and Marhouma lie along the Oued Saoura to the northwest between Tamtert town and Béni Abbès, while Idigh lies to the southeast about halfway to El Ouata.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population, Area and Density per Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Population: Béchar Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "CARTE DE BECHAR" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Béchar. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Distribution of Agricultural Land" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Plant Productions" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Animal Production" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Drinking Water" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sewerage Networks" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Electrification" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fuel Distribution" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Housing" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Presentation" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Béchar. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Density Kilometres" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "School Infrastructure" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Number of Pupils" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Health Facilities by Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Mosques and Koranic Rooms" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1490. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 


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