Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Tamworth
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tamworth in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 72,544 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Christopher Pincher (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from South East Staffordshire
18851945
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
1567–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Tamworth is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Christopher Pincher, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The current (2010) boundaries include:

• All of the borough of Tamworth

• The following wards from the district of Lichfield: Bourne Vale; Fazeley; Little Aston; Mease and Tame; Shenstone; Stonnall

History[edit]

The present Tamworth Constituency replaced the old South East Staffordshire constituency for the 1997 general election.

A previous Tamworth constituency existed from 1563 until it was abolished for the 1945 general election. It elected two MPs until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one MP by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Political history

Since its 1997 recreation the seat has been a bellwether, reflecting the largest party in terms of seats in the House of Commons with the largest share of the vote for the candidate locally.

Prominent members

The Prime Minister and leader of the breakaway Tory group, the Peelites, Sir Robert Peel, represented the area for a long period 1830-1850, as did his father, brother and son at different periods. His father and son, also named Robert, also shared the baronetcy gained by his father, which gave them the automatic right to the style "Sir".

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is convenient for all of the West Midlands conurbation and has considerable local employment. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs before 1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1275–1559 No representation or records[3]
1563–1567 Michael Harcourt Robert Harcourt
1571 Edward Lewknor John Bullock
1572–1583 Lancelot Bostock John Nuttall
1584–1585 John Breton Clement Fisher
1586–1587 Walter Bagot John Ferrers
1588–1589 Sir Edward Devereux, 1st Baronet Robert Wright
1593 John Ferrers Thomas Smith
1597–1598 William Temple[4] George Hyde
1601 George Egeock Robert Burdett
1604 Sir Percival Willoughby
replaced in by-election in 1604 by
Sir Thomas Beaumont
John Ferrers
1614 Sir Thomas Roe Sir Percival Willoughby
1621 Sir Thomas Puckering John Ferrar
1624–1625 John Woodford John Wightwick
1625 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Richard Skeffington
1626 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1628–1629 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Sir Simon Archer[5] George Abbot
1640 (Nov) Ferdinando Stanhope (Royalist), killed 1643[6] Henry Wilmot (Royalist), expelled 1641.[7]
1645 George Abbot (Parliamentarian) Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1648 George Abbot (Parliamentarian) Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1653 Tamworth not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Tamworth not represented in 1st Protectorate Parliament
1656 Tamworth not represented in 2nd Protectorate Parliament
1659 Maj. Gen. Tobias Bridge Edward Keeling

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Year First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
1660 Richard Newdigate Thomas Fox
1661 Amos Walrond John Swinfen
1669 John Ferrers
1670 John Boyle, Lord Clifford
Feb 1679 Sir Thomas Thynne, Bt
Aug 1679 Sir Andrew Hacket
1681 John Swinfen
1685 Richard Howe Sir Henry Gough
Jan 1689 Henry Sidney
May 1689 Henry Boyle
1690 Michael Biddulph
1695 Thomas Guy
1698 John Chetwynd
1699 Sir Henry Gough
1701 Henry Thynne
1702 Joseph Girdler
1708 Richard Swinfen
1710 Samuel Bracebridge
1715 William Inge
1722 Francis Willoughby
1723 Richard Swinfen
Jan 1727 Hon. George Compton
Aug 1727 William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin Hon. Thomas Willoughby
1734 Lord John Philip Sackville Hon. George Compton
1735 Charles Cotes
1741 John Floyer
1742 Charles Cotes
1747 Hon. Thomas Villiers Sir Henry Harpur
1748 Sir Robert Burdett
1756 Viscount Villiers
1765 Edward Thurlow
Mar 1768 William de Grey
Nov 1768 Charles Vernon
1774 Thomas de Grey
1778 Anthony Chamier
Sep 1780 John Courtenay
Nov 1780 John Calvert
1784 John Calvert II
1790 Sir Robert Peel
1796 Thomas Carter
1802 William Loftus
1812 Lord Charles Townshend
1818 William Yates Peel
1820 Lord Charles Townshend
1830 Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Bt Tory
1835 William Yates Peel
1837 Edward Henry A'Court
Jul 1847 William Yates Peel
Dec 1847 John Townshend
1850 Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Bt Liberal
1856 John Villiers Stuart Townshend
1863 John Peel
1868 Sir Henry Bulwer
1871 John Peel
1872 Robert William Hanbury
1878 Hamar Alfred Bass
1880 Jabez Spencer Balfour

1885–1945[edit]

Tamworth was reduced to having one member in 1885.

Election Member[8] Party
1885 Philip Muntz Conservative
1909 Sir Francis Newdegate Conservative
1917 Henry Wilson-Fox Coalition Conservative
1922 Sir Percy Newson, Bt Conservative
1923 Edward Iliffe Conservative
1929 Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt Conservative
1935 Sir John Mellor, Bt Conservative

The seat was abolished in 1945.

MPs 1997–present[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1997 Brian Jenkins Labour
2010 Christopher Pincher Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Tamworth[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Pincher 21,238 45.8 +8.7
Labour Brian Jenkins 15,148 32.7 −10.3
Liberal Democrat Jenny Pinkett[10] 7,516 16.2 +2.1
UKIP Steven Fowler 2,253 4.9 +2.1
Christian Charlene Detheridge 235 0.5 N/A
Majority 6,090 13.1 +7.2
Turnout 46,390 63.8 +2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +9.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian Jenkins 18,801 43.0 −6.0
Conservative Christopher Pincher 16,232 37.1 −0.5
Liberal Democrat Phillip Bennion 6,175 14.1 +2.4
Veritas Patrick Eston 1,320 3.0 N/A
UKIP Tom Simpson 1,212 2.8 +1.1
Majority 2,569 5.9 −6.5
Turnout 43,740 61.0 +3.2
Labour hold Swing −2.8
General Election 2001: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian Jenkins 19,722 49.0 −2.8
Conservative Luise Gunter 15,124 37.6 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett 4,721 11.7 +3.7
UKIP Paul Sootheran 683 1.7 +1.0
Majority 4,598 11.4 −3.6
Turnout 40,250 57.8 −16.3
Labour hold Swing −1.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian Jenkins 25,808 51.8 N/A
Conservative Lady Lightbown 18,312 36.7 N/A
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett 4,025 8.1 N/A
Referendum Party D. Livesey 1,163 2.3 N/A
UKIP C. A. Lamb 369 0.7 N/A
Liberal C. Twelvetrees 177 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,496 15.0 N/A
Turnout 49,854 74.2 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A


Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1935: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Mellor, Bt 42,675 79.47
Labour J Yates 11,026 20.53
Majority 31,649 58.94
Turnout 64.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt 41,571 84.67
Labour J Willbery 7,525 15.33
Majority 34,046 69.35
Turnout 73.92
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275–1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 October 2010. 
  4. ^  "Temple, William (1555–1627)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  5. ^ Richard Cust, ‘Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (Oxford University Press, 2004) [http||//www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/626], accessed 8 November 2008
  6. ^ Collin's Peerage of England by Sir Egerton Brydges, K.J.|| in nine volumes|| VOL. III 1812|| Earl of Chesterfield p. 423
  7. ^ Oswald Barron, 'The Wild Wilmots', The Ancestor XI (1904), 5.
  8. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ BBC 2010 General Election Site
  10. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/people_detail.aspx?name=Jenny_Pinkett&pPK=554b7447-5145-4c3f-8b28-80dfd4272077
  11. ^ ‘FOGARTY, Michael Patrick’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 29 Sept 2014
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1827
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1834–1835
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was this constituency in 1841
Preceded by
vacant. Last was this constituency in 1835
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1841–1846
Succeeded by
City of London