Tan Son Nhat International Airport

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For the military use of the facility during and after the Vietnam Wars, see Tan Son Nhut Air Base.
Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất
Tan Son Nhat International Airport.jpg
IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Vietnamese government
Operator Airports Corporation of Vietnam
Serves Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Location Tan Binh District
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates 10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194
Website Airports Corporation of Vietnam
Map
SGN is located in Vietnam
SGN
SGN
Location of the airport in Vietnam
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,050 10,007 Concrete
07R/25L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passenger movements 20,034,980[1]
Airfreight movements in tonnes 375,822
Sources: GCM,[2] STV[3]

Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport (IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS) (Vietnamese: Sân bay quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất, Vietnamese: Cảng hàng không quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất) is Vietnam's largest international airport in terms of area (800 ha or 1,977 acres compared with 650 ha or 1,606 acres of Ha Noi's Nội Bài International Airport and Đà Nẵng's Đà Nẵng International Airport[4][5]). It has a handling capacity of 20 million passengers per year,[6] compared with the capacity of Hanoi – Noi Bai airport of 8 million passengers and Da Nang's 6 million passengers.[5] It is also the largest airport of Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with a number of 17,538,000 passengers per year in 2012, accounting for 46.6% of Vietnam's air passenger traffic),[7] serving Ho Chi Minh City as well as the rest of southeastern Vietnam. Its IATA code, SGN, is derived from the city's former name of Saigon.

History[edit]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport has its origins in the early 1930s, when the French colonial government constructed a small airport with unpaved runways, known as Tân Sơn Nhất Airfield near the village of Tan Son Nhat. By mid-1956, with U.S. aid, a 7,200-foot (2,190 m) runway had been built and the airfield near Saigon became known as South Vietnam's principal international gateway. During the Vietnam War (or Second Indochina War), Tan Son Nhut Air Base (then using the alternative spelling Tân Sơn Nhứt) was an important facility for both the U.S. Air Force and the South Vietnamese Air Force. Between 1968 and 1974, Tan Son Nhut Airport was one of the busiest military airbases in the world. During the last days of South Vietnam, Pan Am schedules from 1973 showed Boeing 747 service was being operated four times a week to San Francisco via Guam and Manila.[8] Continental Airlines operated up to 30 Boeing 707 military charters per week to and from Tan Son Nhut Airport during the 1968–74 period.[9]

Post-war era[edit]

On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975. Flight UA 869, operated using a Boeing 747-400, landed at Ho Chi Minh City, the terminus of the flight that originated from San Francisco via Hong Kong. On 29 October 2006, this service was switched from San Francisco to Los Angeles with a stop in Hong Kong, operating as UA 867 (also using a Boeing 747-400). In 2009, the service UA 869 has resumed once again from San Francisco via Hong Kong International Airport.[10] United ceased the route to San Francisco via Hong Kong on 30 October 2011. The airline resumed the route from Ho Chi Minh City to Hong Kong after its merger with Continental Airlines. It no longer continued to San Francisco and it was flown on a Boeing 737 instead of a 747.

In 2006, Tan Son Nhat International Airport served approximately 8.5 million passengers (compared with 7 million in 2005) with 64,000 aircraft movements.[11] It has recently accounted for nearly two-thirds of the arrivals and departures at Vietnam's international gateway airports.[12][13] Due to increasing demand (about 15%–20% per annum), the airport has been continuously expanded by the Southern Airports Corporation.[13]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport served 12.4 million passengers in 2008, compared to 11 million in 2007 and 15.5 million passenger in 2010. In 2010, the domestic terminal handled 8 million passengers which reached its maximum capacity. The airport reached its full capacity of 20 million passengers in 2013, two years earlier than predicted. Both domestic and international terminal are being expanded to meet the increasing demand. In April 2014, expansion for the domestic terminal was finished, boosting the terminal's capacity to 12 million passengers per annum. The expansion plan also includes increasing the capacity of the international terminal up to 13 million passengers per year, 10 new parking spaces and a new taxiway. After extension, planned to be completed in 2015, Tan Son Nhat will be able to handle 25 million passengers per year with space for 60 aircraft.[14]

International terminal[edit]

Passport check in the international terminal (August 2007)

A new international terminal funded by Japanese official development assistance and constructed by a consortium of four Japanese contractors (KTOM, abbreviation of four contractors' names: KajimaTaiseiObayashi CorporationMaeda), opened in September 2007 with a capacity for 12 million passengers a year. The new terminal gives the airport a total annual capacity of 20 million passengers. The old terminal is now used for domestic flights.[4] After 2020, when Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will remain operational; however, it will mostly serve for domestic flights, a few international flights and no longer serve transit flights.

Facilities[edit]

Indicator screen at the departure area of the International Terminal.

Following the opening of its new international terminal in September 2007, Tan Son Nhat has two major terminal buildings with separate sections for international and domestic flights. The capacity of the new terminal, once fully completed, will be 8 million passengers per annum. When Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will serve domestic passengers only.

The Prime Minister of Vietnam, by Decision 1646/TTg-NN, has approved the addition of 30 hectares (74 acres) of adjacent area to extend the apron and to build a cargo terminal to handle the rapid increase of passenger (expected to reach 17 million in 2010, compared to 7 million and 8.5 million in 2005 and 2006 respectively) and cargo volume at the airport.[12][15]

Terminals, airlines and destinations[edit]

Domestic flights operate from Terminal 1, whilst international flights use Terminal 2.

Tan Son Nhat International Airport terminal building.
Check-In desks at Terminal 2, Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Level 3 of Terminal 2, Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Vietnam Airlines Airbus A320-200 taxiing at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Airbus A320-200 at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777-200ER taxiing at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Air Astana Almaty 2
Air China Beijing-Capital 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru 2
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Japan
Tokyo-Narita 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 2
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap 2
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2
Cebu Pacific Manila 2
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 2
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 2
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan 2
Eastar Jet Charter: Jeju 2
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan 2
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki 1 2
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong[16] 2
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 2
Jet Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Delhi (both begin 5 November 2014)[17] 2
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore 2
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Buon Ma Thuot, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Vinh, Thanh Hoa
Seasonal : Nha Trang
1
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi,[18] Singapore (begins 27 October 2014) 2
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Lao Airlines Pakse, Phnom Penh (Suspended), Vientiane 2
Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Singapore 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
Mandarin Airlines Taichung, Kaohsiung (begins 27 October 2014)[19] 2
Novair Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Philippine Airlines Manila 2
Qatar Airways Doha, Phnom Penh 2
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan[20] 2
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Nanning 2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang 2
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
Tigerair Singapore 2
Transaero Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
Turkish Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Istanbul-Atatürk 2
United Airlines Hong Kong 2
VietJet Air Buon Ma Thuot,[21] Da Lat, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Hue , Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Qui Nhon, Thanh Hoa (begins 25 November 2014),[22] Vinh 1
VietJet Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan (begins 12 December 2014) 2
Vietnam Airlines Buon Ma Thuot, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Hai Phong, Ha Noi, Hue, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Qui Nhon, Rach Gia, Thanh Hoa, Vinh 1
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Ca Mau, Chu Lai, Con Dao, Tuy Hoa 1
Vietnam Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou,[23] Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick, Moscow-Domodedovo, Melbourne, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vientiane, Yangon 2
Wind Rose Aviation Kiev-Boryspil[24] 2

Notes:

  • ^1 : Finnair's flight from Ho Chi Minh City to Helsinki makes a stop in Dubai. Finnair does not have Fifth Freedom rights to transport passengers between Ho Chi Minh City and Dubai.

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong, Penang
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
EVA Air Cargo Penang, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Hanoi, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong
Transmile Air Services Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Korean Air Cargo Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Seoul-Incheon
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Qantas Freight Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh

Statistics[edit]

The airport's future[edit]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport is located inside the crowded city of Ho Chi Minh City, making expansions difficult.

Following a recent decision by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, a new airport—Long Thanh International Airport—will replace Tan Son Nhat airport for international departure use. The master plan for the new airport was approved in April 2006. The new airport will be built in Long Thanh county, Dong Nai province, about 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City and 70 km (43 mi) northwest of the petroleum-focused city of Vung Tau, near Highway 51A.

Long Thanh International Airport will be constructed on an area of 50 square kilometers (19 sq mi), and will have four runways (4,000 m x 60 m or 13,100 ft x 200 ft) and be capable of receiving the Airbus A380. The project will be divided in two stages. Stage One calls for the construction of two parallel runways and a terminal with a capacity of 20 million passengers per year, due to be completed in 2020. Stage Two is scheduled for completion in 2035, giving the airport with three passenger terminals and a cargo terminal designed to receive 5 million metric tons of cargo per year. The total invested capital of this project is an estimated US$8 billion.

Upon completion of Long Thanh International Airport, Tan Son Nhat Airport will serve domestic passengers only. Long Thanh International Airport is expected to be the leading airport on the Indochinese peninsula, and one of the busiest air transportation hubs in the southeast Asian region.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cảng HKQT TSN đón nhận danh hiệu đơn vị đứng đầu trong ngành GTVT năm 2013". Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Airport information for SGN at Great Circle Mapper.
  3. ^ Airport information for Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport at Search (for) Travel website.
  4. ^ a b Official website of Tan Son Nhat International Airport
  5. ^ a b Vietnam Aviation Magazine (Tạp chí Hàng không), October 2007 issue (a magazine published by the Vietnam Aviation Authority), in article Is that possible for a new international airport in Hai Duong Province ?
  6. ^ "Tan Son Nhat International Airport". Airports Corporation of Vietnam. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Tân Sơn Nhất khai thác đường hạ-cất cánh thứ hai Vietnamplus on 2 July 2013 >Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (Vietnamese) [http://vietnamnet.vn/kinhte/2007/11/753468/
  8. ^ Pan Am System Timetable, April 29, 1973
  9. ^ Christian, J. Scott, former Continental employee and manager, Bring Songs to the Sky: Recollections of Continental Airlines, 1970–1986, Quadran Press, 1998.
  10. ^ United Airlines – Flight Timetables, Download to PC, PDA or Blackberry
  11. ^ Official number from Tan Son Nhat Airport Authority at its official website
  12. ^ a b Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on "Vietnamnet.net, access date 11 November 2007, (Vietnamese) [1]
  13. ^ a b News about Tan Son Nhat International Airport on Official Website of Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 12 November 2007, Vietnamese[dead link]
  14. ^ Lê, Anh. "Tân Sơn Nhất có thêm đất làm sân đỗ máy bay". Thời báo Kinh tế Sài Gòn. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  15. ^ Two more Hanoi-Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on "Vietnamnet.net, access date 11 November 2007, (English) [2]
  16. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines Plans Ho Chi Minh City Service from mid-March 2014". Airline Route. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  17. ^ "Jet Airways Expands Asia Service from late-Oct 2014". Airline Route. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Jetstar Pacific to Start Ho Chi Minh - Bangkok Service from Oct 2014". Airline Route. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  19. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/09/16/ae-khh-w14/
  20. ^ http://www.flyroyalbrunei.com/malaysia/2014/07/25/royal-brunei-airlines-returns-to-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam/
  21. ^ fly-on-vietjetairs-new-route-from-ho-chi-minh-city-to-buon-me-thuot-for-just-vnd390000 – news – VietJetAir.com – Enjoy Flying!. VietJetAir.com. Retrieved on 16 July 2013.
  22. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/10/20/vj-thd-w14/
  23. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/03/18/vn-sgnfoc-s14/
  24. ^ WINROSE airlines opens direct flights to Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)
  25. ^ Củng cố luận chứng xây dựng sân bay Long Thành, Tiên Lãng – Website thông tin Hàng không & Cuộc sống

External links[edit]