Tanah Lot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tanah Lot Sunset
Sunset at Tanah Lot
Close up view of the temple
Pura Batu Balong, another temple found in the area

Tanah Lot is a rock formation off the Indonesian island of Bali. It is home of a pilgrimage temple, the Pura Tanah Lot (literally "Tanah Lot temple"), and a popular tourist and cultural icon for photography and general exoticism.[1]

History[edit]

Tanah Lot means "Land [sic: in the] Sea" in the Balinese language.[2] Located in Tabanan, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Denpasar, the temple sits on a large offshore rock which has been shaped continuously over the years by the ocean tide.

Tanah Lot is claimed to be the work of the 16th-century janitor baratha. During his travels along the south coast he saw the rock-island's beautiful setting and rested there. Some fishermen saw him, and bought him gifts. Nirartha then spent the night on the little island. Later he spoke to the fishermen and told them to build a shrine on the rock for he felt it to be a holy place to worship the Balinese sea gods.[3]

The Tanah Lot temple was built and has been a part of Balinese mythology for centuries. The temple is one of seven sea temples around the Balinese coast. Each of the sea temples were established within eyesight of the next to form a chain along the south-western coast. However, the temple had significant Hindu influence.

At the base of the rocky island, poisonous sea snakes are believed to guard the temple from evil spirits and intruders. A giant snake purportedly protects the temple, which was created from Nirartha's towel when he established the island.

Restoration[edit]

In 1980, the temple's rock face was starting to crumble and the area around and inside the temple started to become dangerous.[4] The Japanese government then provided a loan to the Indonesian government of Rp 800 billion (approximately USD $130 million[5]) to conserve the historic temple and other significant locations around Bali. As a result, over one third of Tanah Lot's "rock" is actually cleverly disguised artificial rock created during the Japanese-funded and supervised renovation and stabilization program.

Tourism[edit]

The area leading to Tanah Lot is highly commercialized and people are required to pay to enter the area. To reach the temple, visitors must walk through a set of Balinese market-format souvenir shops which cover each side of the path down to the sea. On the mainland clifftops, restaurants have also been provided for tourists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ South-East Asia on a shoestring. Lonely Planet South-East Asia: On a Shoestring. Lonely Planet Edition 7. Lonely Planet Publications, 1992. ISBN 0-86442-125-7, ISBN 978-0-86442-125-8. 922. pp257
  2. ^ Philip Hirsch, Carol Warren. The politics of environment in Southeast Asia: resources and resistance. Publisher Routledge, 1998 ISBN 978-0-203-03017-2. 325 pages. pp 242-244
  3. ^ South-East Asia on a shoestring. Lonely Planet South-East Asia: On a Shoestring. Lonely Planet Edition 7. Lonely Planet Publications, 1992. ISBN 0-86442-125-7, ISBN 978-0-86442-125-8. 922. pp257
  4. ^ Pringle, p 192-194
  5. ^ 1980 exchange rate of US $1 to Rp 6000 from Gordon De Brouwer, Masahiro Kawai. Indonesian Rupiah in Exchange rate regimes in East Asia Vol 51. Publisher: Routledge, 2004. ISBN 0-415-32281-2, ISBN 978-0-415-32281-2. 466 pages

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°37′16″S 115°05′14″E / 8.62107°S 115.08716°E / -8.62107; 115.08716