Tanana, Alaska

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Not to be confused with Tanaina, Alaska. ‹See Tfd›
Tanana
Hohudodetlaatl Denh
City
Postcard: Front Street, Tanana, 1910
Postcard: Front Street, Tanana, 1910
Tanana is located in Alaska
Tanana
Tanana
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 65°10′14″N 152°4′33″W / 65.17056°N 152.07583°W / 65.17056; -152.07583Coordinates: 65°10′14″N 152°4′33″W / 65.17056°N 152.07583°W / 65.17056; -152.07583
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Yukon-Koyukuk
Incorporated June 7, 1961[1]
Government
 • Mayor Donna Folger[2]
Area
 • Total 15.6 sq mi (40.3 km2)
 • Land 11.6 sq mi (29.9 km2)
 • Water 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
Elevation 207 ft (63 m)
Population (2007)[3]
 • Total 275
 • Density 26.6/sq mi (10.3/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99777
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-75160

Tanana /ˈtænənɑː/ (Hohudodetlaatl Denh in Koyukon) is a city in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. At the 2000 census the population was 308. It was formerly known as Clachotin, adopted by Canadian French.

Jules Jetté (1910), a Jesuit missionary who worked in the area and documented the language, recorded the Koyukon Athabascan name for the village as Hohudodetlaatl Denh, literally, ‘where the area has been chopped’.[4] Several residents are chronicled in the 2012 Discovery Channel TV series Yukon Men. Almost 80% of the town's population are Native Americans, traditionally Lower Tanana language speakers of the large Athabaskan (Dené) language family.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Tanana is located at the confluence of the tributary Tanana and the Yukon River 65°10′14″N 152°4′33″W / 65.17056°N 152.07583°W / 65.17056; -152.07583 (65.170544, -152.075883)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40 km2), of which 11.6 square miles (30 km2) of it is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it (25.80%) is water.

Tanana is about 130 miles (210 km) west of Fairbanks.[6]

Climate data for Tanana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −18.3
(−0.9)
−13.9
(7)
−6.7
(19.9)
4.2
(39.6)
15.0
(59)
21.6
(70.9)
22.1
(71.8)
18.0
(64.4)
11.1
(52)
−1.3
(29.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
−16.1
(3)
1.93
(35.48)
Average low °C (°F) −27.3
(−17.1)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
0.9
(33.6)
7.7
(45.9)
9.5
(49.1)
6.3
(43.3)
0.8
(33.4)
−9.2
(15.4)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−9.28
(15.28)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
15
(0.59)
38
(1.5)
55
(2.17)
65
(2.56)
39
(1.54)
17
(0.67)
13
(0.51)
13
(0.51)
294
(11.57)
Source: http://www.usclimatedata.com/climate/tanana/alaska/united-states/usak0238/2014/1

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 186
1910 398 114.0%
1920 213 −46.5%
1930 185 −13.1%
1940 170 −8.1%
1950 228 34.1%
1960 349 53.1%
1970 406 16.3%
1980 388 −4.4%
1990 345 −11.1%
2000 308 −10.7%
2010 246 −20.1%
source:[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 308 people, 121 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 26.6 people per square mile (10.3/km²). There were 166 housing units at an average density of 14.4 per square mile (5.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.87% Native American, 17.86% White, and 2.27% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 121 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.4% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 131.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,750, and the median income for a family was $34,028. Males had a median income of $30,781 versus $23,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,077. About 16.4% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Tanana City School District serves area residents.

2014 killings of Alaska State Troopers[edit]

On May 1, 2014, two officers of the Alaska State Troopers were killed in Tanana after responding to a report of a resident brandishing a gun in an altercation over the private sale of a $150 couch.[9] The Fairbanks-based troopers, Sgt. Patrick Johnson and Trooper Gabriel Rich, had been featured in the National Geographic Channel program Alaska State Troopers.[10] 19 year old Tanana resident Nathanial Lee Kangas was charged with two counts of first-degree murder and a single count of third-degree assault. Kangas allegedly shot and killed the officers as they attempted to arrest his father, Arvin Kangas, at the family's home.[11] Arvin Kangas, 58, was charged with assault for pointing a shotgun at the local Public Safety Officer during the incident that prompted the troopers' investigation.[12]

On May 5, the chairman of the Tanana Tribal Council issued a statement expressing the council's shock and grief and offering condolences to the families of the officers, stating, "We want them to know that this was the action of individuals and that this was not, and is not, Tanana."[13] Later that week, the tribal council voted unanimously to ban the elder Kangas and another resident from the community for their indirect roles in the deaths of the officers.[14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 79. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Tanana". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ Jetté, Jules. 1910. On the Geographical Names of the Ten'a, Microfilm AM 34:688-701. Jesuit Oregon Province Archives, Foley Library, Gonzaga University.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Man arrested in deaths of Alaska State Troopers." AOL News. May 2, 2014. Retrieved on May 4, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Pair of state troopers shot, killed in Tanana; local man arrested after standoff". Alaska Dispatch. 5/2/2014. Retrieved 5/2/2014. 
  10. ^ "Officers from 'Alaska State Troopers' killed". CNN. 5/2/2014. Retrieved 5/2/2014. 
  11. ^ "Alaska man, 19, charged with shooting 2 state troopers". Fox News. 5/4/2014. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  12. ^ "Father, son arrested in connection with deaths of 2 Alaska State Troopers". Fairbanks News-Miner. 2014-05-05. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  13. ^ "Tanana grieves for troopers". Fairbanks News-Miner. 2014-05-05. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  14. ^ "Tanana leaders ask two men to leave the community for roles in killing of state troopers". Fairbanks News-Miner. 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  15. ^ "Email Scam," Alaska Federation of Natives