Postcard: Front Street, Tanana, 1910
|Incorporated||June 7, 1961|
|• Mayor||Donna Folger|
|• Total||15.6 sq mi (40.3 km2)|
|• Land||11.6 sq mi (29.9 km2)|
|• Water||4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)|
|Elevation||207 ft (63 m)|
|• Density||26.6/sq mi (10.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)|
|• Summer (DST)||AKDT (UTC-8)|
Tanana // (Hohudodetlaatl Denh in Koyukon) is a city in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. At the 2000 census the population was 308. It was formerly known as Clachotin, adopted by Canadian French.
Jules Jetté (1910), a Jesuit missionary who worked in the area and documented the language, recorded the Koyukon Athabascan name for the village as Hohudodetlaatl Denh, literally, ‘where the area has been chopped’. Several residents are chronicled in the 2012 Discovery Channel TV series Yukon Men. Almost 80% of the town's population are Native Americans, traditionally Lower Tanana language speakers of the large Athabaskan (Dené) language family.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40 km2), of which 11.6 square miles (30 km2) of it is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it (25.80%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 308 people, 121 households, and 68 families residing in the city. The population density was 26.6 people per square mile (10.3/km²). There were 166 housing units at an average density of 14.4 per square mile (5.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.87% Native American, 17.86% White, and 2.27% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 121 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.4% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 34.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 131.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,750, and the median income for a family was $34,028. Males had a median income of $30,781 versus $23,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,077. About 16.4% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 or over.
- Morris Thompson (1939-2000), politician, was born and raised in Tanana. After he died in the crash of Alaska Airlines Flight 261, his body was returned to the city for burial.
- Jules Louis Prevost (1863-1937), an early missionary and linguist in the area, he was the first postmaster.
- Walter Harper (1893-1918), (Koyukuk) first man to reach the summit of Denali (Mt. McKinley) in successful 1913 expedition led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
- The cast of the Discovery Channel television series Yukon Men.
- "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 79. January 1974.
- "Community: Tanana". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- Jetté, Jules. 1910. On the Geographical Names of the Ten'a, Microfilm AM 34:688-701. Jesuit Oregon Province Archives, Foley Library, Gonzaga University.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Email Scam," Alaska Federation of Natives