|City of Tandag
Siyudad sa Tandag
Lungsod ng Tandag
|— Component city —|
|Surigao del Sur showing the location of Tandag City|
|Region||CARAGA (Region XIII)|
|Province||Surigao del Sur|
|Districts||1st district of Surigao del Sur (City and Capital of the province)|
|Incorporated (city)||19 February 2009|
|• Mayor||Roxanne C. Pimentel|
|• Vice Mayor||Ruel D. Momo|
|• Total||291.73 km2 (112.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||178/km2 (460/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Area code(s)||(+63) 86|
|Income class||4th class|
Tandag is a 4th class city and the provincial capital of the province of Surigao del Sur, Philippines in the island of Northeastern Mindanao. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 52,114 people.
Tandag City is located on the northeastern coast of Mindanao Island facing the Philippine Sea. It is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Lanuza and Cortes, on the east by the Philippine sea, on the south by the towns of Tago and San Miguel, and on the west by the province of Agusan Del Sur. It is located 448 nautical miles from Manila and 150 nautical miles from Cebu. The distance from Surigao City in the north to Tandag is around 200 kilometers and 331 kilometers is the distance from Davao City in the south. Tandag has a national secondary airport and a seaport.
Tandag has a total land area of 316 square kilometers subdivided into 21 barangays. Majority of the barangays are considered rural areas. Major dialects spoken are Cebuano, Surigaonon, and Tagalog. English is widely used in schools, business and government offices. The city celebrates the Diwatahan Festival on the third week of January in honor of Senor Sto. Nino. It also celebrate Araw ng Tanday every September 1 showcasing the city's achievements through the years.
Farming and fishing are the main economic activity for most of the people in Bislig. Chief farm products are rice, corn, coconut, abaca, and cacao. Livestock and poultry raising are also important sources of income.
Tandag is politically subdivided into 21 barangays.
The History of Tandag
- Long before Tandag became what it is today—the bustling capital town of Surigao del Sur, it was inhabited by the Manobos and the Mamanwas who lived along the river banks under the leadership of Suba , their Chieftain. Suba was later converted into Christianity by Father Juan de la Encarnacion, a Spanish missionary. After Legaspi’s final conquest to the Philippines particularly on 1609, the Spanish government sent missionaries to subdue the hostile natives. One of these missionaries was Father Juan de la Vega who was assigned in Tandag. In an effort to establish a symbol of authority, Fr. dela Vega erected a stone fort and built a small settlement about a size of a football field enclosed by a stone wall. Out of this settlement rose the town of Tandag, which later on became a center of faith.
- About this period, Tandag became a port of call to the Spanish Galleon that sailed along the southern part of Mindanao. Until today, it is generally believed that somewhere underneath the deep sea near Tandag’s twin Linongao Islands lies a sunken galleon.
- In 1650, Tandag became the capital town of Surigao or Caraga, then a district that covered the present provinces of Agusan, the two Surigaos and a part of Davao. As center of faith and capital town, Tandag was fortified with cottas which were erected sometime in the 18th century, within the northern part of the town and near the old cemetery at the western side. These fortifications served to protect the town from moro raids.
- In several separate attacks between 1754 and 1767, the moro pirates wrought havoc and destruction to Tandag. Father Jose Ducos, a Jesuit from Iligan, came to rescue and rebuild Tandag from the ruins wrought by these moro raids. He established the Tandag Garrison and restored the Tandag priory. Although the Tandag fort somehow survived, part of it was demolished during the Second World War. Calamities like typhoons and earthquakes finished off what remained of it. This explains why no remains of these structures could be seen today.
- Real transformation was finally afforded to Tandag via Republic Act 2786, an act that created Surigao del Sur and whose salient measure made Tandag the capital and seat of the provincial government of Surigao del Sur.
- On June 23, 2007, Tandag by virtue of RA 9293 became a city.
How Tandag Got its Name
Many versions have been given regarding the name of Tandag. One such version said that Father Calan, Father Incarnation and other priest were on their way to visit chieftain Suba to 2 baptize his people. When one of the missionaries asked native rowing their boat what name of the place was with fingers pointing downward, the native who naught the priest meant the school of fish, answered “tamda,” meaning look down. This name later became Tandag. Father Encarnacion, the member of the group was later killed by the natives. The other version says that when De la Vega landed in Tandag to subdue the ferocious caragas as the rebellios natives were called then, he did not know the name of the place so he inquired from the native who was gathering the leaves of herbs locally known as tangad. The native who did not understand Spanish answered hesitantly “tangad. “ Later, the name was changed to Tandag. Another story tells a group of Spanish soldiers and missionaries who got lost in the way. When they asked for correct direction, the natives who could not understand a word they said only laughed at them all while saying the word “Tank,” meaning lost. Thus the name Tandag aptly means lost.
The municipality of Tandag is located between the coordinates of 9.0833° N, 126.2000° E. It is bounded on the North by the municipalities of Cortes and Lanuza, on the West and South by the municipality of Tago, and, on the East by the Pacific Ocean. It consists of twenty-one (21) barangays. Six of which are urban barangays, five are coastal barangays, four are built-up expansion and six are hinterland barangays. The urban barangays comprise 1,594.10 hectares; 3,464.61 hectares for coastal barangays; 2,233.15 hectares for built-up expansion barangays and 4,964.34 hectares for Hinterland barangays.
The municipality falls under the Type II of climate in the country, which is characterized by rainfall distributed throughout the year, with a negligible short dry season.
Wet season is highly pronounced from September to February with an annual average rainfall of 458.94 mm and an average temperature of 26.34°C. Dry months are from March to August.
Culture and Festivals 
- Tandag annually celebrates the feast day of San Nicolas de Tolentino, Tandag's patron saint, every 10 September. A novena in honor of San Nicholas is held for nine consecutive days starting the 1st of September in the San Nicholas de Tolentino Cathedral. It is the highlight of the City's Fiesta. In connection to this, a week-long celebration is organized by the Local Government Unit of Tandag. A parade, concert and bazaar are just some of annual perks lined up for said celebration.
- Diwatahan Festival is held every January in honor of Sto. Nino. Tandag City also organizes a one-day cultural dance competition for interested dance groups held at the Tandag City Plaza. Diwatahan Festival is the counterpart of Cebu City's Sinulog festival.
- Since Tandag is the capital of the province of Surigao del Sur, it hosts the annual Araw ng Surigao del Sur Celebration. A trade fair showcasing the products from the different municipalities of Surigao del Sur is one of the week-long events while a local pageant entitled, Mutya ng Surigao del Sur held at the Tandag City Gymnasium in Bongtud serves as the highlight of the event.
- Summer Kite Fetival-an annual event initiated by the City Government of Tandag enhancing the artistic talent and creativity among the teenagers through the making of fantastic designs of kite enjoying the sun, sand and sea during summer time.
- Eco Sports Festival it is always commemorated with carious colourful activities. Tandag City as one of the oldest settlements in Caraga and the capital of the Province of Surigao del Sur is basically a coastal city, with 10 of its 21 barangays are coastal facing towards the Pacific Ocean. Hence, the City Government of Tandag is initiating 3-day activities relative to promoting the sincere concern of taking good care of our ocean. Participated by the youth sector enhancing their talents and skills in different sports acitivities such as skim boarding, Frisbee, beach volley, Tandag urban adventure race, sand castle sculpture, and entertainment with live bands during the culmination of the activity of the Ocean Month Celebration.
- TAMDA Festival a Tandaganon variation of word “Tan-awa” which means to “see beneath” or “to take care of”. This showcases the correct and historically accurate cultural festival and explains the Tandaganons art – dances, rituals, music, life ways, and creative expressions. An annual event of Tandag City in celebration of the Charter Day Every 23 June.
- Birthday Celebration of Ayek Pimentel. A local holiday in which Tandaganons will have a feast coming from the budget of the City Government.
- From Manila or Cebu to Davao City as transit point, Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Airphil Express ply the Manila-Davao-Manila (approx. 1-1/2 hours travel time) and Cebu-Davao-Cebu (approx. 45 minutes travel time) several trips daily.
- From Manila or Cebu to Butuan City as transit point, Philippine Airlines, Airphil Express and Cebu Pacific ply these routes three times a week.
- From Manila or Cebu to Surigao City as transit point, Airphil Express and Cebu Pacific ply these routes three times a week.
- Mid-Sea Express flies Tandag-Cebu (vv) current 3X a week their office can be found at the Haguisan Inn. (Call Haguisan Inn for inquiries)
- Multicabs, Vans and Jeepneys around Northern & Southern Surigao del Sur Routes including Surigao City, San Francisco, Agusan del Sur, Bislig City, and Butuan City
- Buses routes from Davao City, Butuan City, Surigao City (Bachelor Express), Pasay City & Cubao (PP Bus Line) (Super 5) (St. Michael Bus Liner Corp.)
- Buses, Vans and Jeepneys can be located at Balilahan Bus Terminal.
- Some Jeepneys bound for Surigao City, Cantilan, Cortes, Tago and nearby municipalities can be found at Moonglow Public Market.
- Inter-island vessels like the SuperFerry and Sulpicio Lines ply the Manila-Butuan or Cebu-Butuan routes on regular schedules with Nasipit Port as transit point. Air-con vans are available at the wharf and in the Nasipit terminal or a jeepney ride to the Butuan City terminal for the regular bus trips to Tandag.
Hotels, Inns and Pension Houses 
- Villa Maria Luisa
- Shacene Pension
- Selades Apartelle
- Haguisan Inn
- Tindalo Hotel
- STC Mini Hotel
- Season's Park Apartelle
- Christian Royale Hotel
Cafe, Fast Food and Restaurants 
- Goldbar Restaurant
- Gelato FastFood
- The Port Floating Restaurant
- Jakahs Grill (2 Branches)
- Shacene Restaurant
- Kroo Kroo Resto bar
- Cafe La Jara
- TT & Co. Food Court
- Beboy's Grill (Near Closure)
- Various Grilled Chicken Restaurants along the highway e.g. Botoys, Sr. Pedro, CFC, Chooks to go
- Jollibee On-Wheels (occasionally)
- Aioli Bistro- located ground floor at the Haguisan Inn
- Kubo ni AgU (offers unlimited rice)
- Nico's Bar and Grill
- Jinn's Restaurant
- Kamayo Grill
- Kaptayn's Bar and Grill
- Cafe Jose Enrico
- Sidlakan Bar
- Da Port Floating Restaurant
Banking institutions 
- Land Bank of the Philippines (LandBank) (LBP)
- Philippine National Bank (PNB)
- Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC)
- Green Bank of Caraga
- Enterprise Bank
- Rural Bank of Tandag
- Cantilan Bank
- Banco Carrascal
- Peoples Bank of Caraga
Commercial Centers 
- NOVO Jeans and Shirts
- Shopper's Delight
- Fedy Mart
- V. Guerra Commercial Center
- Quintos Comercial Center
- TT & Company Department and Superstore
- Ultra Star Supermart (They have The Biggest Supermarket in the Province)
- Gaisano Capital Tandag (proposed)
Appliance Centers and Automotive Stores 
Government Institutions 
- Office of the Representative of the 1st District of Surigao del Sur
- Office of the Governor
- Surigao del Sur Provincial Capitol
- Department of Education (DepEd)
- Philippine Ports Authority (PPA)
- Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (Philippines) Tandag Office
- Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth)
- Social Security System (Philippines) (SSS)
- Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Philippines) (DENR/CENRO) Tandag Office
- Land Transportation Office (Philippines) (LTO) Tandag Branch
- Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Provincial Office
- Provincial Agriculturist Office
- Adela Serra Ty Memorial Medical Center (Soon will be a 250 bed D.O.H Tertiary Hospital)
- Medical Mission Group Hospital
- Pama Polyclinic
- Cuartero General Hospital
- Philippine Red Cross Tandag
- Tandag Pilot Elementary School
- Tandag Central Elementary School
- Telaje Elementary School
- Saint Theresa College of Tandag (www.stctandag.edu.ph)
- Surigao del Sur State University - Main Campus (www.sdssu.edu.ph)
- Jacinto P. Elpa National High School http://jpenhs.tandag.org
- Tandag National Science High School
- Vicente L. Pimentel Sr. National High School
- Buenavista National High School
- Tandag Christian School
- Surigao del Sur SPED Center (www.sdsspedcenter.org)
- Tandag Science Elementary School
- Engr. Nestor Ty Memorial Elementary School
- Bongtud Elementary School
- Goldbar Restaurant located at Mabua faces the Pacific Ocean. With a classic Filipino ambiance, this three-storey restaurant famous in Tandag boasts Filipino cuisine. Some of their best-sellers include Crispy Pata, various seafood dishes like King Crab and Prawns and the classic Halu-Halo.
- Shacene by the Sea located at Mabua is also a key place for fine dining. Like Goldbar Restaurant, it also faces the Pacific Ocean and has even created a platform by the seaside for customers to get a breeze of sea air while enjoying their meal.
- La Jara is the so-called 'Starbucks' of the city. The quaint coffee shop is situated in Osmena Street in Bag-ong Lungsod.
- Nico's Grill located Near Pimentel Sports Complex is the new clubbing central in Tandag. Most Tandaganons flock here for a well-deserved night out with friends and family.
- Shrine of the Our Lady of Lourdes at Bongtud is located at the summit of a mountain where one can see a full 360 view of the city.
- Various ukay-ukay stores in Bag-ong Lungsod is a good place to shop for second hand fashion items. Befriend the saleslady and you might just get a discount.
- Tandag Town Plaza in downtown Tandag located near Saint Theresa College and the San Nicholas de Tolentino Cathedral. One can enjoy a lazy afternoon in the park while eating an ice cream from nearby snack bars.
- Tandag Boulevard in Mabua is best visited at night with the colorful lamp posts, windy sea air and various stalls that offer Filipino street food like fish balls, kwek kwek, barbecued pork, isaw, etc.
- Various Grilled Chicken Restaurants line up the Capitol Road between Telaje and Osmena St in Bag-ong Lungsod. From lechon manok to a simple pork barbecue stick, the restaurants here has got you covered for affordable yet yummy meals.
- Capitol Hills in Telaje also offers a good view of the city. The Governor Murillo Sports Complex, the newly renovated Provincial Capitol, Social Hall and the Tennis Court are all located here.
- Muyco's Beach Resort in Mabua is the main beach where plenty of locals flock to especially during the Summer because of its accessibility. If you catch some locals doing skim boarding, try to approach them and learn this new sport. Tandaganons would be delighted to tutor a guest of the city. There are also other nearby beach resorts such as the Parola Beach Resort.
- On the 10th - located in Haguisan Inn, the heart of the city, it's ideal for quite private dining or get togethers.
Potential Tourist Attractions 
- San Isidro - Busay Falls
- Bioto - Cold Spring
- San Agustin Sur - Beach Resort
- Mabua Beach Resort/(MPA) - Fish Sanctuary
- Pangi - Bugsukan Falls & Tagbak stream
- Salvacion - Abaca Plantation
- Quezon - Cave, Falls & Wild Life
- Maticdum - Falls, Water Spring, Cave Forest & Wild Life Conservation
- San Agustin - Norte Beach Resort/Mangroves Prod’n
- Mabuhay - Panugmakan Creek (Potable Water Source) Mt. Resort & Cave
- Dagocdoc - Board Walk (Dike) & Floating Restaurant
- San Antonio - Cold Spring & Beach Resort
- Awasian - Ihawan Mt. Spring Resort/Hitaub IP Gawad Kalinga Project
- Pandanon - Cold Spring
- Rosario - Andap Falls & Spring
- Bag-ong Lungsod - Tandag City Boulevard
- Bongtud - Twin Linungao Island, Mancagangi Island & MPA (Fish Sanctuary)
- Buenavista - MPA ( Fish Sanctuary )
- Telaje - Floating Restaurant/River Cruise
- 89.3 MHz Real Radio
- 101.1 MHz Planet Energy Fm
- 97.5 MHz Shure Fm
- 95.9 MHz way kurat Fm
- 97.1 MHz Christian Fm
- 93.9 MHz iFM Davao
- 101.1 MHz M.O.R. Davao
- 90.7 MHz Love Radio Davao
- 96.3 MHz Star FM Davao
- 89.1 MHz KillerBee FM Davao
- Morning Star Cable TV
- Cignal Digital TV
Internet Service Providers
Cellular Network Providers
Recently Tandag lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9392) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood.
More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Tandag is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators." As such, the cityhood status of Tandag is effectively restored.
Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the Supreme Court reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.
Sister City 
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code