|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (December 2009)|
|Founded||April 4, 1823|
|• Total||52.34 km2 (20.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||188 m (617 ft)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)|
|CPA Base||B 7000|
|Area code(s)||+54 249|
Tandil is located 180 metres (590 ft) above sea level and its coordinates are. The city borders Rauch and Azul (to the north), Ayacucho and Balcarce (to the west), Lobería, Necochea and Benito Juárez (to the south) and Azul and Benito Juárez (to the west).
Tandil is situated approximately midway between La Plata (the provincial capital), 330 km (210 mi) to its NE, and Bahía Blanca, lying the same distance to its SW; it is also 160 kilometres (99 mi) NW of Mar del Plata, and 360 kilometres (220 mi) SSW of Buenos Aires. Tandil is in a zone known as the Humid Pampa.
According to the 2001 census (INDEC), Tandil had a population of 108,109, but its 2009 population is estimated to be 110,000. The total area of the Tandil partido is 4,935 km2 (1,905 sq mi).
Tandil's climate is mild and humid, with an average temperature of 13.7 °C (56.7 °F) and 888.6 millimetres (34.98 in) of precipitation annually. Mornings are often cold in autumn, winter and spring, and generally fresh in the summer. Fog is very common in autumn and winter, when frosts are also common. Minimum temperatures below −5 °C (23 °F) have been recorded in the winter months. Rainfall occurs throughout the year but more frequently in summer. Snow and heat waves are not very common.
The climatological data in the table below is from the period 1981-1990:
|Climate data for Tandil, Argentina|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.9
|Average low °C (°F)||14.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||124.2
|Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentine Meteorological Service)|
The name of the city comes from the Mapuche words tan ("falling"), and lil ("rock"). It is probably a reference to the Piedra Movediza ("Moving Stone"), a large boulder which stood seemingly miraculously balanced on the edge of a rocky foothill. The Moving Stone toppled on February 29, 1912, and split into two pieces at the bottom of the hill. Some people thought that tan in fact meant "moving". In order to demonstrate the slight movements of the boulder, it was common practice to place bottles or some other things under its base to see them break. As of May 2007, a replica was set up in the same place where the original stood. Although the replica was made by engineering students, it is cemented in place and does not teeter the way the original did. It is a "moving rock" that does not move.
The town was founded by Martín Rodríguez on April 4, 1823, named Fuerte Independencia (Independence Fortress). With time the original natives became acculturated and mixed with the increasing European population. The vast majority of immigrants came from Spain and Italy, but also Basque and Danish people settled, the latter constituting a very active community. Tandil was designated a city (although by modern standards it was a large town) in 1895 and became a popular tourist destination attracting people from Buenos Aires and other parts of Argentina.
The Piedra Movediza fell in 1912 and split in two below. Although it is impossible after the fact to ascertain the reason it fell, it is very possible that the delicately balanced rock was thrown off balance by the common practice of placing glass bottles under it and watching them explode. This was the way the locals would prove to visitors that the rock, in fact, moved, since the movement was too subtle to be detected by the naked eye. There have been projects to restore the rock, and a replica stone was placed where the original used to be. Other similar stones like El Centinela are also attractions, but none has the truly astonishing quality of teetering ever so slowly like the "moving rock" once did.
National University of Central Buenos Aires Province
The National University of Central Buenos Aires Province (Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia Buenos Aires) is a public university located in Tandil. It was founded in 1974 as part of University of Buenos Aires Professor Alberto Taquini's plan to geographically diversify Argentina's National University system.
Established with the unification of a private school and a campus of the National University of the South, with more than 11,000 students, the university includes 10 schools offering 21 undergraduate, 58 graduate, and 19 post-graduate degrees. It maintains secondary campuses in Azul and Olavarría.
- Mauro Camoranesi (born October 4, 1976), professional football player
- Juan Eduardo Eluchans (born April 14, 1980), professional football player
- Mariano González (born May 5, 1981), professional football player
- Diego Junqueira (born December 28, 1980), professional tennis player
- Víctor Laplace (born May 30, 1943), actor
- René Lavand (born September 24, 1928), illusionist
- Mauricio Macri (born 8 February 1959), politician, Mayor of Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
- Juan Mónaco (born March 29, 1984), professional tennis player
- Guillermo Pérez-Roldán (born October 20, 1969), professional tennis player
- Juan Martín del Potro (born September 23, 1988), professional tennis player and winner of the 2009 US Open men's singles title
- Bernardo Daniel Romeo (born September 10, 1977), professional football player
- Patricia Tarabini (born August 6, 1968), professional tennis player
- Mariano Zabaleta (born February 28, 1978), professional tennis player
- "Guía Climática para el Turismo (Climate Guide for Tourists)" (in Spanish). Retrieved January 21, 2008.
- (Spanish) Official government website
- (Spanish) Hotels, business and gastronomy guide of Tandil
- (Spanish) Tandil, lugar soñado
- (Spanish) La Piedra Movediza
- (Spanish) El Monte Calvario
- (Spanish) Cerro el Centinela
- (Spanish) Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (university)
- (Spanish) Nueva Era, Traditional Local Newspaper
- (Spanish) Tandilfullchat,Gente de Tandil
- (Spanish) Information of hotels, restaurants and shopping
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tandil.|