Tandil

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Tandil
Tandil desde La Movediza 2.JPG
Flag of Tandil
Flag
Tandil is located in Argentina
Tandil
Tandil
Location in Buenos Aires Province
Coordinates: 37°19′S 59°08′W / 37.317°S 59.133°W / -37.317; -59.133Coordinates: 37°19′S 59°08′W / 37.317°S 59.133°W / -37.317; -59.133
Country  Argentina
Province Bandera de la Provincia de Buenos Aires.svg Buenos Aires
Partido Tandil
Founded April 4, 1823
Area
 • Total 52.34 km2 (20.21 sq mi)
Elevation 188 m (617 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 110,627
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
CPA Base B 7000
Area code(s) +54 249
Website Official website

Tandil is the main city of the homonymous partido (department), located in Argentina, in the southwest of Buenos Aires Province, just NNW of the Tandilia Hills.

Geography[edit]

Tandil is located 180 metres (590 ft) above sea level and its coordinates are 37°19′08″S 59°08′05″W / 37.31889°S 59.13472°W / -37.31889; -59.13472. The city borders Rauch and Azul (to the north), Ayacucho and Balcarce (to the west), Lobería, Necochea and Benito Juárez (to the south) and Azul and Benito Juárez (to the west).

Tandil is situated approximately midway between La Plata (the provincial capital), 330 km (210 mi) to its NE, and Bahía Blanca, lying the same distance to its SW; it is also 160 kilometres (99 mi) NW of Mar del Plata, and 360 kilometres (220 mi) SSW of Buenos Aires. Tandil is in a zone known as the Humid Pampa.

According to the 2001 census (INDEC), Tandil had a population of 108,109, but its 2009 population is estimated to be 110,000. The total area of the Tandil partido is 4,935 km2 (1,905 sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Tandil's climate is mild and humid (classified as Cfb or an oceanic climate under the Köppen climate classification,[1] with an average temperature of 13.8 °C (56.8 °F) and 888.6 millimetres (34.98 in) of precipitation annually. Mornings are often cold in autumn, winter and spring, and generally fresh in the summer. Fog is very common in autumn and winter, when frosts are also common. Minimum temperatures below −5 °C (23 °F) have been recorded in the winter months. Rainfall occurs throughout the year but more frequently in summer. Snow and heat waves are not very common.

The climatological data in the table below is from the period 1981–1990:

Climate data for Tandil, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
37.8
(100)
37.2
(99)
30.4
(86.7)
25.3
(77.5)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
23.8
(74.8)
29.1
(84.4)
29.9
(85.8)
33.0
(91.4)
39.9
(103.8)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
26.9
(80.4)
23.9
(75)
20.2
(68.4)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
12.3
(54.1)
14.4
(57.9)
16.3
(61.3)
19.7
(67.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.6
(79.9)
20.0
(68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
20.2
(68.4)
17.6
(63.7)
13.8
(56.8)
10.1
(50.2)
7.2
(45)
6.7
(44.1)
8.4
(47.1)
10.2
(50.4)
13.7
(56.7)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
14.1
(57.4)
11.8
(53.2)
8.9
(48)
5.4
(41.7)
2.8
(37)
2.5
(36.5)
3.3
(37.9)
4.5
(40.1)
7.8
(46)
10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
0.8
(33.4)
3.3
(37.9)
0.0
(32)
−2.9
(26.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 124.2
(4.89)
78.1
(3.075)
101.7
(4.004)
54.0
(2.126)
75.7
(2.98)
21.5
(0.846)
33.8
(1.331)
42.7
(1.681)
56.7
(2.232)
108.4
(4.268)
103.1
(4.059)
88.7
(3.492)
888.6
(34.984)
Avg. precipitation days 10 6 9 7 6 5 6 6 6 10 8 8 87
 % humidity 56 67 55 56 48 36 41 48 51 57 55 51 52
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 228.8 229.4 195.0 133.3 120.0 130.2 176.7 195.0 223.2 249.0 241.8 2,385.9
Percent possible sunshine 58 60 60 57 41 40 42 52 52 54 58 53 52
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentine Meteorological Service)[2]
Source #2: UNLP (sun and extremes only)[3]

Place name[edit]

Plaza Independencia (Independence Square)
Piedra Movediza
Lago del Fuerte (Fortress Lake), with its artificial geyser
Tandil at night, taken from the top of Parque Independencia (Independence Park)

The name of the city comes from the Mapuche words tan ("falling"), and lil ("rock"). It is probably a reference to the Piedra Movediza ("Moving Stone"), a large boulder which stood seemingly miraculously balanced on the edge of a rocky foothill. The Moving Stone toppled on February 29, 1912, and split into two pieces at the bottom of the hill. Some people thought that tan in fact meant "moving". In order to demonstrate the slight movements of the boulder, it was common practice to place bottles or some other things under its base to see them break. As of May 2007, a replica was set up in the same place where the original stood. Although the replica was made by engineering students, it is cemented in place and does not teeter the way the original did. It is a "moving rock" that does not move.

Christ sculpture in Monte Calvario

History[edit]

The town was founded by Martín Rodríguez on April 4, 1823, named Fuerte Independencia (Independence Fortress). With time the original natives became acculturated and mixed with the increasing European population. The vast majority of immigrants came from Spain and Italy, but also Basque and Danish people settled, the latter constituting a very active community. Tandil was designated a city (although by modern standards it was a large town) in 1895 and became a popular tourist destination attracting people from Buenos Aires and other parts of Argentina.

The Piedra Movediza fell in 1912 and split in two below. Although it is impossible after the fact to ascertain the reason it fell, it is very possible that the delicately balanced rock was thrown off balance by the common practice of placing glass bottles under it and watching them explode. This was the way the locals would prove to visitors that the rock, in fact, moved, since the movement was too subtle to be detected by the naked eye. There have been projects to restore the rock, and a replica stone was placed where the original used to be. Other similar stones like El Centinela are also attractions, but none has the truly astonishing quality of teetering ever so slowly like the "moving rock" once did.

National University of Central Buenos Aires Province[edit]

The National University of Central Buenos Aires Province (Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia Buenos Aires) is a public university located in Tandil. It was founded in 1974 as part of University of Buenos Aires Professor Alberto Taquini's plan to geographically diversify Argentina's National University system.

Established with the unification of a private school and a campus of the National University of the South, with more than 11,000 students, the university includes 10 schools offering 21 undergraduate, 58 graduate, and 19 post-graduate degrees. It maintains secondary campuses in Azul and Olavarría.

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  2. ^ "Guía Climática para el Turismo (Climate Guide for Tourists)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]