|• Estimate (2010)||550,000|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Tando Allahyar was founded during the rule of Talpur, of the Mir clan. When Bachal Yousfani was mayor, inns and guest houses were built as well as colonies for residents and jobs were created.
Watayo Faqir's shrine
1790 fort construction
Tando Allahyar was founded in 1709 when Talpur constructed a mud and clay fort about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the present day Tando Allahyar town center. The fort was built to provide security for the Mir and the people of the area. It also functioned as a trading post. As the township developed around the fort, it was known as "Allahyar Jo Tando" (Allahyar's Town). The fort is now called "Kacho Qilo". Some walls, decorated at the time of the Mir remain.
In 1906, during the British Raj, a railway station was established. It reflected the town's growing importance as a centre of agriculture and trade. The name of the town changed from "Allahyar Jo Tando" to "Tando Allahyar". The British Raj took the fort for its official use.
In 1933, a canal was constructed. It further increased Tando Allahyar's importance in agriculture and trade.
Prior to 1947, the majority of inhabitants of Tando Allahyar were Hindu. The temple of Baba Ramdevji Rama-Pir was a symbol of Hindu–Muslim unity and peaceful co-existence. After independence of Pakistan, many Hindu followers left. Nevertheless, the temple, located in the town centre, remains a popular destination for Hindu pilgrims.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Tando Allahyar District.
Tando Allahyar lies 25 miles (40 km) north east of Hyderabad, on the road between Hyderabad and Mirpurkhas. Tando Allahyar is a railway hub for the Sindh region. Early in the nineteenth century, members of the Bozdar family, a community from the Suleiman Mountains, founded the settlements of Khan Muhammad Bozdar (a nearby village of fifty-two houses), Massu Bozdar and Dhangano Bozdar.
|Nearby Large Cities||Distance in Kilo Meters|
As of 2010[update] the population of Tando Allahyar and its immediate surrounds was 400,000. 30% of the population are Muslim immigrants from India who arrived after independence of Pakistan in 1947. 70% are indigenous Sindhi inhabitants. There are significant number of Urdu, Baloch, Punjabi, and Pashto speaking people in Tando Allahyar.
Tando Allahyar is hot throughout the year. Nadir temperatures in autumn and winter are around 24 C. Cooling breezes blow from the south west in the summer.
|Climate of Tando Allahyar||Jan||Feb||Mar||Apr||May||Jun||Jul||Aug||Sep||Oct||Nov||Dec|
|Avg high temperature (in °C)||25||26||29||32||44||44||33||31||31||33||31||27|
|Avg low temperature (in °C)||13||14||19||23||26||28||27||26||25||22||18||15|
Tando Allahyar is one of Pakistan's richest agricultural regions. Cash crops like sugarcane, wheat, onion and cotton are cultivated. Mangoes and bananas are also grown. There are sugar mills and some cotton ginning factories.
Tando Allahyar's population is predominantly [shia and Sunni Islam]. There is a small Hindu community. Sufism is important in both cultures.
Tando Allahyar has a rich traditional Sindhi culture. Women may wear a Shalwar Kameez but often wear the traditional dress, the gharara or "parro". Traditionally, many bangles are worn on the arms. Men wear a Shalwar Kameez distinguished by broader bottoms and a traditional Sindhi style cap. The youth may appear in western styles.
Tando Allahyar is a bustling town with mango tree lined streets. Old buildings are topped by chimney like air cooling devices that catch the breeze.
Rates of literacy are greater in the urban than the rural areas of Tando Allahyar. Awareness and availability of education is improving. There are both public and private educational institutions for primary, middle and secondary education in Tando Allahyara.
Allahyar jo Tando By Muhammad Siddiq Patoli (Regional Director Information, Govt of Sindh)