Taner Yıldız is graduated from the Istanbul Technical University as an electrical engineer. He worked with the Kayseri Electricity Generation Company. He was elected to the Parliament in 2002. Taner Yıldız served as an energy adviser to the prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. On 1 May 2009, after reshuffle of the cabinet, he took the post of the Energy and Natural Resources Minister.