List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Taney Court

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This is a chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the tenure of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney (March 28, 1836 through October 12, 1864).


Case name Citation Summary
United States v. Segui 35 U.S. 306 (1836) upholding the validity of a Spanish land grant in Florida
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge 36 U.S. 420 (1837) Contract Clause of the Constitution
The Amistad 40 U.S. 518 (1841) slave trade and slave ownership
Swift v. Tyson 41 U.S. 1 (1842) Federal common law in diversity jurisdiction cases, later overturned
Prigg v. Pennsylvania 41 U.S. 539 (1842) runaway slaves
Luther v. Borden 48 U.S. 1 (1849) guarantee clause of Article Four of the United States Constitution
Passenger Cases 48 U.S. 283 (1849) taxation of immigrants, constitutionality of state laws regarding foreign commerce
Sheldon v. Sill 49 U.S. 441 (1850) Congressional control of the jurisdiction of the lower federal courts
Hotchkiss v. Greenwood 52 U.S. 248 (1850) Early standard for non-obviousness in United States patent law
Strader v. Graham 51 U.S. 82 (1851) slavery and the application of state laws thereof
Cooley v. Board of Wardens 53 U.S. 299 (1852) pilotage laws under the Commerce Clause
Dred Scott v. Sandford 60 U.S. 393 (1857) slavery, the definition of citizenship
Ableman v. Booth 62 U.S. 506 (1859) The contradiction of Federal law by States
Prize Cases 67 U.S. 635 (1863) presidential powers in wartime