Tanganyika

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For the British colony, see Tanganyika Territory. For the Lake, see Lake Tanganyika. For other uses, see Tanganyika (disambiguation).
Tanganyika

1961–1962
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Mungu ibariki Afrika
Capital Dar es Salaam
Languages Swahili
English
Government Parliamentary democracy
under Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 -  1961–1962 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 -  1961–1962 Richard Turnbull
Prime Minister
 -  1961–1962 Mwl. Julius K. Nyerere
 -  1962 Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence 9 December 1961
 -  Republic 9 December 1962
Currency East African shilling
Republic of Tanganyika
1962–1964
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Mungu ibariki Afrika
Capital Dar es Salaam
Languages Swahili
English
Government Presidential Republic
President
 -  1962–1964 Julius Nyerere
Historical era Cold War
 -  Republic 9 December 1962
 -  Union with Zanzibar 26 April 1964
Currency East African shilling

Tanganyika /ˌtæŋɡənˈjkə/, from 1962 to 1964 the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in the former German East Africa. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa and Lake Tanganyika. It gained independence from the United Kingdom as a Commonwealth realm on 9 December 1961, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations exactly a year later, on 9 December 1962. On 26 April 1964, Tanganyika joined with the islands of Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, a new state that changed its name to the United Republic of Tanzania within a year.

Tanganyika originally consisted of the Tanganyika Territory, the British share of the former German colony of German East Africa, which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, and which was later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II. The other parts of German East Africa were taken into Belgian Trusteeship, eventually becoming known as modern-day Rwanda and Burundi.

See also[edit]