Tangenziale di Venezia

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A57 Motorway shield}}

A57 Motorway
Autostrada A57
Tangenziale di Mestre
Route information
Length: 26 km (16 mi)
Existed: 1972 – present
Major junctions
From: Dolo (A4)
To: Quarto d'Altino (A4)
Location
Regions: Veneto
Highway system
Autostrade of Italy
The A57 near the exit Mestre.

The Tangenziale di Mestre (Mestre beltway), or Autostrada A57, was opened to traffic on 3 September 1972 in northern Italy.

Overview[edit]

The original design was to have a central dual carriageway as the Autostrada A4 (motorway A4), and alongside a separated single carriageway to serve as a local beltway (similar to what was built around Bologna): but, high costs for a motorway that was not then expected to carry much through traffic (east of Venice, it could go only to Udine and Trieste which latter was at that time the border with the Iron Curtain). The opposition of conservationist groups to a double dual carriageway running inside a city caused the plan to reduce to a single dual carriageway section instead, serving both as Autostrada A4 and localbeltway.

Increased traffic[edit]

By the 1990s, it became evident that a road designed to cope with a 55,000-vehicle daily traffic level would not be able for traffic levels of up to 150,000–170,000 vehicles (of which 30% were HGV's) by the early 2000s.

A first but temporary solution was to open a "third dynamic lane" on each carriageway: in the most trafficked hours, the emergency lane was suppressed, to be used as a lane for lorries and slow vehicles.

Passante di Mestre[edit]

The A57 near the exit Venezia.

A second definitive solution was to build the Passante di Mestre: opened on 8 February 2009, after about 4 years and a half of construction. It completely bypasses the Tangenziale di Mestre, finally separating Autostrada A4 from the local beltway.

Today, the "third dynamic lane" is still used, but daily traffic has greatly decreased. Speed limit is 90 km/h on faster lanes, 60 km/h on slower ones; a small part, near the intersection with Autostrada A27, has a 50 km/h to 60 km/h speed limit.

The old Tangenziale di Mestre has now to be called, more properly, Tangenziale di Venezia (with new highway identification code: A57): indeed, it is longer than the old Mestre one, because the Passante di Mestre bypasses all the area around Venice, beginning west just after Padua, going north almost to Treviso, and ending east near Quarto d'Altino. So that the old exits of Dolo and Mira, before part of Autostrada A4, are today part of the Tangenziale. Unfortunately, the signage has not been adapted to take account of this development confusing the poor motorist without local knowledge. For example, travelling east, a sign directs the motorist onto the A57 and that's the last time you will see any reference to A57. The signage quickly reverts to the out-of-date A4 or uses the European route signage.

The beltway is managed by Società delle Autostrade di Venezia e Padova[1] and Autovie Venete S.p.A.[2]

Route[edit]

Tangenziale di Venezia
Type Exit ↓km↓ (A4) ↑km↑ (A4) Province European Route
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Autostrada A4
AB-AS-grün.svg Dolo - Mirano 248,6 267,7 VE
AB-AS-grün.svg Mira - Oriago 257,0 259,3 VE
Italian traffic signs - stazione.svg Barriera Venezia Mestre 258,5 257,8 VE
AB-AS-grün.svg Venezia Marghera - Tabliczka E55.svg Ravenna 259,0 257,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-Tank.svg Area Servizio "Marghera" 260,0 256,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Venezia Mestre 261,0 255,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Miranese 262,0 254,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Castellana 264,0 252,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Terraglio 266,0 250,3 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Autostrada A27 Italia.svg Belluno
RWBA Flughafen(R).svg Venezia-Tessera - Jesolo
393,8 122,5 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Marcon 396,3 120,0 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Quarto d'Altino 401,7 114,6 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
Italian traffic signs - stazione.svg Barriera Venezia Est 407,2 109,1 VE Tabliczka E55.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Tabliczka E55.svg Autostrada A4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]