Tangerang

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Kota Tangerang
Official seal of Kota Tangerang
Seal
Nickname(s): Cimahi
Motto: Bhakti Karya Adhi Kertarahardja
Kota Tangerang is located in Indonesia
Kota Tangerang
Kota Tangerang
Location of Cimahi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°10′41.90″S 106°37′54.80″E / 6.1783056°S 106.6318889°E / -6.1783056; 106.6318889Coordinates: 6°10′41.90″S 106°37′54.80″E / 6.1783056°S 106.6318889°E / -6.1783056; 106.6318889
Country Indonesia
Province Banten
Government
 • Mayor Arief Rachadiono Wismansyah
Area
 • Total 164.54 km2 (63.53 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,001,925[1]
  Health Ministry Estimate 2014
Website www.tangerangkota.go.id

Tangerang is a city in the Province of Banten, Indonesia. It is located about 25 km west of Jakarta. It is the third largest urban centre in the Jabotabek region after Jakarta and Bekasi, now 6th largest city in the nation. It has an area of 164.54 km² and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715.,[2] increasing to 2,001,925 as of 2014.[1] The Soekarno-Hatta International Airport which serves metropolitan Jakarta is located within the city.

Overview[edit]

Tangerang is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java and is home to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants in the city. Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with little in the way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.

In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta has covered Tangerang, and as a result many of its residents commute to Jakarta for work, or vice-versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls, private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area.

Demographics[edit]

Tangerang also has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians, many of whom are of Cina Benteng extraction. Benteng means 'fortress' in Indonesian. They were descended from Manchu laborers who were brought there by the Dutch colonials in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are culturally distinct from other Chinese communities in the area: while almost none speak any dialect of Chinese, they are culturally very strongly Daoist and maintain their own places of worship and community centers. They are ethnically mixed.

Some among Benteng Chinese people surnamed 王 " Wang " ( Hokkien : Ong ) are descendants of the imperial family of the Qing Dynasty ( Manchu clan Aisin-Giorio or Aixinjueluo in mandarin ) . They are descendants of the illegitimate son of Qianlong Emperor and a beautiful girl surnamed Ong in Fujian province . Because the Emperor did not want the affair became public , so to hide that fact , the illegitimate son of his relationship was given the surname Wang (王) .

Wang 王( Hokkien : Ong ) is the Chinese character for " king " , which is used by people who are descendants of the ruler , but never in power . Incorrect information stating they use the surname Ong as the mother of an illegitimate child was also surnamed Ong , but actually this is a coincidence . Wang clan name first used by the House of Zi ( ruler of the Shang Dynasty ) , and then by the House of Ji ( ruler of the Zhou Dynasty ) when they are not in power anymore .

Not all Ong clans are descended from Aixinjueluo . Descendants of Qianlong Emperor now use Indonesian name Wangsa Mulya / Wangsa Mulia , to differentiate themselves from other Ong clans . The name itself comes from the Sanskrit language , Wangsa ( dynasty ) , and Majesty ( pure ) , when translated into English becomes " Pure Dynasty " . While the word " Qing " itself means "pure " . So Wangsa Mulia in Sanskrit literally means Qing Dynasty in English.

Over time , most people of Wangsa Mulya families do not realize that they are the descendants of the Qing Dynasty. However, blood and spirit of Qing Empire still flowing in them . They adhere to modern life but remain ultra-conservatives principles such as feudalism and anti - feminism . The latest information states that they inherit a large Landlordship which area is now part of the BSD and Gading Serpong real estate.

A large Chinese cemetery is also located in Tangerang, much of which has now been developed into modern suburban communities such as Lippo Karawaci, Summarecon Gading Serpong, Bumi Serpong Damai, Bintaro Jaya, Modernland, and Alam Sutra.

Most of the Chinatown of Tangerang is located at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling, Karawaci (not Lippo Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there. Lippo Karawaci, Bintaro Jaya, Bumi Serpong Damai and Alam Sutra are new locations of residential places (New Towns). A vast majority of the residents are newcomers, not genuine Benteng Chinese.

Infrastructure and Facility[edit]

There are two highway connections from Jakarta. Firstly, the Jakarta–Merak highway, which have three different exits points to Tangerang city. Secondly, Bumi Serpong Damai - Jakarta Outer Ringroad highway providing direct tol access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and Bogor. The feeder buses of Transjakarta serves commutter from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya. KRL Jabotabek serves from Tangerang and Serpong to Jakarta Kota. Many shopping malls developed in Tangerang, such as Mal Summarecon Serpong, WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza, and the biggest one, Supermal Karawaci. For the Indonesian A1 Grand Prix in November 2008, the government had developed Lippo Karawaci circuit.

Economy[edit]

Garuda Indonesia, the Indonesian national airline, is headquartered at the airport, located in Tangerang.[3] Angkasa Pura II's head office is on the airport property.[4]

Airfast Indonesia has its head office in Tangerang.[5]

History[edit]

In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia was established in Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang on December 20, 1945.[citation needed]

Tangerang city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993 out of the Tangerang Regency. The city was previously an administrative city within that Regency.

In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998.[citation needed] Walmart discontinued their investment in Indonesia after the riot.[citation needed]

Situ Gintung Flood[edit]

Tangerang District is location of the Situ Gintung reservoir built by Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.[6]

The Benteng Heritage Museum[edit]

Besides of Boen Tek Bio Temple, the Benteng Heritage Museum which built by Udaya who plans to open on the auspicious November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11 will enriched the Chinese heritage.[7]

Administration[edit]

The city of Tangerang is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2012 Census population.

Name Population
Census 2010
Ciledug 147,023
Larangan 163,901
Karang Tengah
(Central Karang)
118,473
Cipondoh 216,346
Pinang 160,206
Tangerang 126,244
Karawaci 171,317
Jati Uwung 120,216
Cibodas 142,479
Periuk 129,384
Batuceper 90,590
Neglasari 103,504
Benda 83,017

South Tangerang[edit]

South Tangerang (Tangerang Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang city itself, is administratively separate from Tangerang Regency. It is subdivided into seven districts, which are Serpong, Serpong Utara (North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren, Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the 2010 Census.[8]

Education[edit]

Tangerang city provides educational facilities from kindergarten to college. In addition to government schools founded by there are many private schools and colleges. Among these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD,[9] Santa Laurensia School,[10] Sekolah Menengah Atas Kristen Penabur Gading Serpong,[11] and Sekolah Islamic Village.

Transportation[edit]

Apart from using buses and public transport, there are several taxi companies operating in the city, such as the express taxi company and the blue bird.

Air Conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the Airport to several destinations inside Jakarta. This is operated by Damri a state own Company.

There are also private shuttle bus services from Jakarta to private residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.

There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012, Tangerang will have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS) uses a closed-circuit camera that would respond to traffic conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by 30 percent.[12]

Sister cities[edit]

Tangerang is twinned with:

Picture gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.depkes.go.id/downloads/Penduduk%20Kab%20Kota%20Umur%20Tunggal%202014.pdf Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin 2014 Kementerian Kesehatan
  2. ^ Statistic by Region
  3. ^ "Contacts." Garuda Indonesia. Retrieved on 22 June 2009.
  4. ^ "Informasi Perusahaan." Angkasa Pura II. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Kantor Pusat PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura II Bandara Internasional Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta."
  5. ^ "Corporate Contact." Airfast Indonesia. Retrieved on 6 June 2013. "Jl. Marsekal Suryadarma No. 8 Tangerang 15129 - Indonesia"
  6. ^ "Evakuasi Hari Ini Dihentikan, Jumlah Korban 93 Orang". Republika. 28 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-28. (Indonesian)
  7. ^ 'An encounter with history,' The Jakarta Post.
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ Santa Ursula BSD
  10. ^ Santa Laurensia school
  11. ^ SMA Penabur
  12. ^ Tangerang goes hi-tech in traffic | The Jakarta Post

External links[edit]