Tanguy et Laverdure
|Les Aventures de Tanguy et Laverdure|
Cover of L'École des Aigles (1961), the first Les Aventures de Michel Tanguy album
|Created by||Jean-Michel Charlier and Albert Uderzo|
|Formats||Original material for the series has been published as a strip in the comics anthology(s) Pilote magazine, Tintin magazine, Super As, Le Pélerin and Moustique Junior.|
|Publication date||October 1959|
|Main character(s)||Michel Tanguy
|Creator(s)||Jean-Michel Charlier and Albert Uderzo|
|The series has been reprinted, at least in part, in Danish, Dutch, English, German, Indonesian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, and Swedish.|
Les Aventures de Tanguy et Laverdure is a Franco-Belgian comics series created by Jean-Michel Charlier and Albert Uderzo, about the two pilots Michel Tanguy and Ernest Laverdure, and their adventures in the French Air Force.
Initially titled Michel Tanguy, it made its debut in the first issue of the Franco-Belgian comics magazine Pilote on October 29, 1959. The series provided Pilote with a competitor to the similar series Buck Danny serialised in Spirou magazine, and Dan Cooper, which appeared in Tintin magazine.
Started in October 1959, the series was continuously published by Pilote until June 1971. Then its publication went on in Tintin (1973), Super As (1979/1980), the Catholic magazine Le Pélerin (around 1981/1984), Moustique Junior (Belgium; 1988). In 2002, the series resumed by two new authors, after a long break caused by Charlier's death.
Tanguy et Laverdure has been translated into languages such as German, Dutch, Danish, Indonesian, English, Spanish, Portuguese and Serbocroatian. It was adapted into a televised series, Les Chevaliers du Ciel, initially broadcast 1967-69, and 1988–91, adapted into a 2005 film, Les Chevaliers du Ciel.
The comic has been published in English in the British comic magazine Lion between April and September 1966 under the title The Flying Furies. The main characters were renamed with English names, Tanguy became Jim Power and Laverdure Terry Madden. There was an annual published in 1973 with the title The Aeronauts, the same title as the TV series received in Britain. This annual was a slightly edited compilation of two original albums, 11. Destination Pacifique and 12. Menace sur Mururoa, and used the characters' French names.
Tanguy and Laverdure are two friends from the flying school with opposite personalities. While Tanguy is serious, honest and obedient, Laverdure is eccentric, blundering and awkward. However, Laverdure is a strong team mate for Tanguy in difficult situations. Dangerous missions and spying are everyday tasks for the two pilots, who are flying aces and efficient defenders of their homeland.
Leaving the Salon-de-Provence Air School, they are sent to the Meknès Air School to improve their knowledge. Just arrived, they search through the snowy Anti-Atlas to retrieve a lost warhead with confidential information. Later, Michel Tanguy and Ernest Laverdure join the Cigognes squadron, (which once included such flying aces as Georges Guynemer) where they pilot the Mirage III plane. Their adventures lead them to Dijon air base, Tel Aviv and Greenland.
By Jean-Michel Charlier and Albert Uderzo
- 1. L'École des Aigles (Dargaud, 1961) - Aircraft: T-33
- 2. Pour l'Honneur des Cocardes (Dargaud, 1962) - Aircraft: T-33
- 3. Danger dans le Ciel (Dargaud, 1963) – Aircraft: Super Mystere B-2
- 4. Escadrille des Cigognes (Dargaud, 1964)
- 5. Mirage sur l'Orient (Dargaud, 1965)
- 6. Canon Bleu ne répond plus (Dargaud, 1966) – Aircraft: Mirage IIIE
- 7. Cap Zéro (Dargaud, 1967)
- 8. Pirates du Ciel (Dargaud, 1967, with Jean Giraud and Marcel Uderzo) – Aircraft: Mirage IIIC / Spitfire
By Jean-Michel Charlier and Jijé
- 9. Les Anges Noirs (Dargaud, 1968) – Aircraft: Saab 35 Draken
- 10. Mission Spéciale (Dargaud, 1968 with Albert Uderzo p. 1-16)
- 11. Destination Pacifique (Dargaud, 1969)
- 12. Menace sur Mururoa (Dargaud, 1969)
- 13. Lieutenant Double Bang (Dargaud, 1970)
- 14. Baroud sur le Désert (Dargaud, 1970)
- 15. Les Vampires attaquent la Nuit (Dargaud, 1971)
- 16. La Terreur vient du Ciel (Dargaud, 1971)
- Outside regular series. L'Avion qui tuait ses Pilotes (Hachette, 1971) – illustrated novelisation, not a comic
- 17. Mission "Dernière chance" (Dargaud, 1972)
- 18. Un DC.8 a disparu (Dargaud, 1973, with Patrice Serres)
- 19. La Mystérieuse Escadre Delta (Fleurus, 1979)
- 21. Premières missions (Hachette, 1981, with Daniel Chauvin)
- 22. Station Brouillard (Hachette, 1982, with Daniel Chauvin)
By Jean-Michel Charlier and Patrice Serres
- 20. Opération Tonnerre (Novedi, 1981, with Jijé)
- 23. Plan de Vol pour l'Enfer (Novedi, 1982)
- 24. Espion venu du Ciel (Novedi, 1984)
By Jean-Michel Charlier and Al Coutelis
- 25. Survol interdit (Novedi, 1988)
By Jean-Claude Laidin and Yvan Fernandez
- 26. Prisonniers des Serbes (Dargaud, 2002)
By Jean-Claude Laidin and Renaud Garreta
- 27. Opération Opium (Dargaud, 2005)
By Jean-Claude Laidin and Yvan Fernandez
- 28. Le Vol 501 (Dargaud, 2012)
- BDoubliées. "Pilote année 1959" (in French).
- Album Tanguy Laverdure, publisher Indira, Jakarta 1980