Tania Libertad performing live.
|Birth name||Tania Libertad de Souza Zúñiga|
October 24, 1952 |
Zaña, Lambayeque Region, Peru
Tania Libertad de Souza Zúñiga (born 24 October 1952), better known as Tania Libertad, is a Peruvian singer who has lived in Mexico since 1978. Considered as one of the greatest singers in Latin America today, she has been named an Ambassador for Peace by UNESCO, Comendadora by the Peruvian government, and a member of the Order of Rio Branco by the Brazilian government.  In 2009, she received the Latin Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for musical excellence to honor her outstanding career. She has recorded 38 albums and has sold over 40 million copies. In early 2012, she began celebrating 50 years as a performer with two sold-out performances at the Palacio de Bellas Artes-Mexico City's most prestigious concert hall-and began an extensive tour throughout Latin America.
Libertad was born in the small town of Zaña, Lambayeque Region on the coast of northern Peru and was raised in the regional capital of Chiclayo. Her mother was a nurse of indigenous descent, and her father was a policeman of Portuguese descent with very traditional views on gender roles. She grew up with eight older brothers. She found growing up in such a male-dominated environment difficult.
She first sang on stage at the age of five in Chiclayo. Because her parents worked long hours, her family didn't know she was singing. In early performances, she sang traditional Peruvian and Mexican songs, including waltzes and boleros. When her father discovered her musical talent, he had her sing songs he had written to his mistresses; she found these songs were of poor quality and helped her distinguish between good and bad music. She further developed her repertoire with traditional and rock music on the radio, and recalls singing in competitions at age seven, knowing 300 boleros by eight, and making records by nine.
As a teenager, Libertad moved to the Peruvian capital of Lima. She sang in nightclubs there, and her father worked as her manager. She was soon offered a contract with RCA Victor and had her first national hit in Peru, "La Contamanina." While Libertad pursued her musical career she convinced her father to let her study engineering in the university. Because her father wanted to study what one of her brothers did, she studied science and engineering in fisheries. She never used this education later in life, but she credits her university experience with exposing her to other people who were interested in art and left-wing politics, especially anti-war movements.
During this time, Libertad's interest in Afro-Peruvian music, which flourished in her native north, grew. The nationalist Peruvian government wanted to encourage expressions of Peruvian culture, going so far as to establish an Afro-Peruvian ballet company. She also became uncomfortable singing in nightclubs due to the sexism and racism prevalent there, which motivated her to begin singing socially conscious music in universities and union halls. But as her father became more protective of her as a teenager, he wanted her to give up her musical career, so at the age of 20, she ran away from home and lived with friends for two weeks until her father accepted her desire to sing full-time.
In 1976, Libertad began to travel abroad, and was inspired by the musical traditions and political consciousness she encountered in the places she visited, such as Cuba. Unsuccessful in Peru with her new brand of music, she decided to emigrate to Mexico. She arrived there penniless and bonded with Latin American artists who fled their home countries for political reasons. Soon, she found her first job at the Blanquita Theatre in Mexico City. There, Libertad was given a contract by PolyGram singing trova, Afro-Peruvian music, salsa, and bolero. In 1985, she released her first album of boleros. She has lived in Mexico since, and has sang in over 20 countries on every inhabited continent. On tours, she has collaborated with artists such as Miguel Bosé, Plácido Domingo, Cesária Évora, Mercedes Sosa, and Kiri Te Kanawa.
Despite not being of African descent, Libertad is inspired by the Afro-Peruvian music indigenous to the area of Peru in which she was born, an area primarily populated by descendents of African slaves. Her albums Costa Negra and Color Negro, from 2003 and 2004 respectively, are recordings of Afro-Peruvian songs.
Libertad is married to a businessman and has a son; they live in Mexico City.
She considers herself a citizen of the world, and ascribes to the ideas of Simón Bolívar, especially that Latin America should be a unified body without borders. She identifies as anti-war, but does not like to be labeled a protest singer.[dead link]
Libertad has recorded 38 albums with more than 40 million copies sold.
- Tania Libertad
- Soy Peruana
- La Contamanina
- Mejor que nunca
- La dulce voz de Tania Libertad
- El mismo Puerto
- Concierto en la voz de Tania Libertad
- Hits Vol. II
- Alfonsina y el mar
- Lo inolvidable de Chabuca Granda
- Como una campana de cristal
- Nuevamente Boleros
- Me voy pa'la pachanga
- Mucho corazón
- Razón de Vivir (duet with Djavan)
- Tania canta a José Alfredo Jiménez (duet with Vicente Fernandez)
- Boleros hoy (duet Armando Manzanero, Miguel Bose, Ivan Lins and Azucar Moreno)
- México Lindo y Querido
- África en América
- La Libertad de Manzanero
- Amar Amando
- Tania y su sabrosa Libertad
- Himno al amor
- Mujeres apasionadas
- Tomate esta botella conmigo
- Armando la Libertad
- Blue Note, Live in New York
- La vida, ese paréntesis (duet with Joan Manuel Serrat and Willie Colon)
- Arias de Ópera, ¿Y... por que no?
- Costa Negra
- 20 De Colección
- Lavastida Rodríguez, Iliana (26 July 2008). "Tania Libertad, una voz que eleva y seduce". Diario Las Américas. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Tania Libertad". World Music Central.org. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Morales, Paola. "Tania Libertad". El Universal. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Varga, George (13 January 2005). "'I chose to be an independent artist'". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Potters, Cristina (1 September 2007). "One Voice for Peace: Tania Libertad". Mexico Cooks!. TypePad. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "He sido muy feliz al trabajar con la OSX: Tania Libertad". Diario de Xalapa. 10 July 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Cruz Barcenas, Arturo (27 May 2006). "Nunca he dejado que me pongan etiquetas, asegura Tania Libertad". La Jornada.
- "Tania Libertad". Aviv Productions. Retrieved 23 July 2012.