Tantangara Dam

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Tantangara Dam
Murrumbidgee River below the Tantangara Dam, NSW, Australia.jpg
Tantangara Dam and spillway across
the Murrumbidgee River, 2010.
Tantangara Dam is located in New South Wales
Tantangara Dam
Location of the Tantangara Dam
in New South Wales
Country Australia
Location Snowy Mountains, New South Wales
Coordinates 35°47′54″S 148°40′04″E / 35.79833°S 148.66778°E / -35.79833; 148.66778Coordinates: 35°47′54″S 148°40′04″E / 35.79833°S 148.66778°E / -35.79833; 148.66778
Status Operational
Construction began 1958
Opening date 1960
Owner(s) Snowy Hydro
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity dam
Impounds Murrumbidgee River
Height 45.1 metres (148 ft)
Length 216.4 metres (710 ft)
Elevation at crest 1,230 metres (4,040 ft) AHD
Dam volume 73,800 cubic metres (2,610,000 cu ft)
Spillways 1
Spillway capacity 900 cubic metres per second (32,000 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Tantangara Reservoir
Total capacity 254,099 megalitres (8,973.4×10^6 cu ft)
Catchment area 460 square kilometres (180 sq mi)
Surface area 2,117.7 hectares (5,233 acres)
Max. water depth 19 metres (62 ft)
Normal elevation 544 metres (1,785 ft) AHD
Website
Dams at www.snowyhydro.com.au

Tantangara Dam is a major ungated concrete gravity dam with concrete chute spillway across the Murrumbidgee River upstream of Adaminaby in the Snowy Mountains region of New South Wales, Australia. The dam is part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme, a vast hydroelectricity and irrigation complex constructed in south-east Australia between 1949 and 1974 and now run by Snowy Hydro. The purpose of the dam includes water management and conservation, with much of the impounded headwaters diverted to Lake Eucumbene. The impounded reservoir is called Tantangara Reservoir.

Location and features[edit]

Commenced in 1958 and completed in 1960, the Tantangara Dam is located on the Murrumbidgee River, approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) downstream of its confluence with Gurrangorambla Creek and is wholly within the Kosciuszko National Park. Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent visited the dam in 1959, during its construction.[1]

The dam was constructed by Utah-Brown & Root Sudamericana on behalf of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Authority, and is now managed by Snowy Hydro Limited. The concrete gravity dam of 73,800 cubic metres (2,610,000 cu ft) is 45 metres (148 ft) high with a crest length of 216 metres (709 ft). At 100% capacity, the dam wall holds back 254,099 megalitres (8,973.4×10^6 cu ft) of water. The surface area of Tantangara Reservoir is 2,117.7 hectares (5,233 acres) and the catchment area is 460 square kilometres (180 sq mi). The spillway across the Murrumbidgee River is capable of discharging 900 cubic metres per second (32,000 cu ft/s).[2]

Diverted water flows from Tantangara Reservoir are also pumped to Lake Eucumbene via the Murrumbidgee Eucumbene Haupt-tunnel; comprising two 2.13 metres (7 ft 0 in) by 3.05 metres (10.0 ft) high shafts, from the outlet works tower and tapering to 2.13 metres (7 ft 0 in) diameter before passing through a 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) diameter nozzle to river diversion tunnel, with a capacity of 70.8 cubic metres per second (2,500 cu ft/s).[3]

Water flows[edit]

In 2005, the Australian Capital Territory Government explored the options of augmenting water supply for Canberra by developing a long tunnel alternative including weir, connecting tunnel, outflow pipes, and hydro-power plant construction to link the Murrumbidgee with Corin Reservoir; and/or a Murrumbidgee River flow alternative including weir, pumping station and pipeline construction to link the Murrumbidgee with Googong Reservoir.[4] In 2009, the ACT Government endorsed a recommendation from ACTEW for implementation of the Tantangara Transfer Project, that involves transferring water from the Murrumbidgee River (below the Burrinjuck and Blowering dams) in New South Wales to the ACT via the Snowy Mountains Scheme.[5]

A 2011 report by the Snowy Scientific Committee stated that the Tantangara Dam was starving the upper Murrumbidgee River of environmental water flows from the Snowy Mountains; needed to restore river health. The committee claimed that there was an apparent "administrative and managerial void", with no river management strategy and no proper monitoring because of a lack of regulatory resources.[6]

Recreation[edit]

Despite very low water levels in the Tantangara Dam for a number of years, there are good populations of both brown trout and rainbow trout within the reservoir.[7][8][9]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Photographic Agency (28 September 1959). "HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent visits the Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1959". Manuscripts, Oral History and Picture. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. The Australian National Committee on Large Dams Incorporated. 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Schedule 2: Water Management Works (PDF). "Snowy Water Licence". Water licensing: Snowy Hydro Limited (New South Wales Office of Water). 4 October 2011. p. 45. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Tantangara Option". ACT Future Water Options. Canberra: ACTEW Corporation. April 2005. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Tantangara Transfer". Our projects. Canberra: ACTEW Corporation. 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Jopson, Debra (8 February 2011). "Murrumbidgee starved because of man-made drought - report". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Tantangara Reservoir". Snowy Mountains Fishing. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Pratt, Bryan (September 2006). "Great trout but watch the skiers". Fishing Monthly. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Tantangara Reservoir - Snowy Mountains. NSW". Sweetwater Fishing Australia. Garry Fitzgerald. 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 

External links[edit]