Tantilla

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For other uses, see Tantilla (disambiguation).
Tantilla
Tantilla gracilis.jpg
Tantilla gracilis, flathead snake
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Colubrinae
Genus: Tantilla
Baird & Girard, 1853
Synonyms

Coluber, Homalocranion, Homalacranium, Leptocalamus, Lioninia, Pogonaspis[1]

Tantilla is a large genus of harmless New World colubrid snakes which includes 64 species commonly known as centipede snakes, blackhead snakes, and flathead snakes.

Description[edit]

Tantilla are small snakes, rarely exceeding 20 cm (8 inches) in total length. They are generally varying shades of brown, red or black in color. Some species have a brown body with a black head.

Behavior[edit]

Tantilla are nocturnal, secretive snakes. They spend most of their time buried in the moist leaf litter of semi-forested regions or under rocks and debris.

Diet[edit]

Their diet consists primarily of invertebrates, including scorpions, centipedes, spiders, and various insects.

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Tantilla bairdi, p. 14).
  3. ^ Hardy, L.M., and C.J. Cole 1968. Morphological Variation in a Population of the Snake, Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard. Univ. Kansas Pub., Mus. Nat. Hist. 17 (15): 613-629.

Further reading[edit]

  • Baird, S.F., and C.F. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.—Serpents. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, District of Columbia. xvi + 172 pp. (Genus Tantilla, p. 104.)
  • Stebbins, R.C. 2003. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. The Peterson Field Guide Series ®. Houghton Mifflin. Boston and New York. xiii + 533 pp. ISBN 0-395-98272-3 (paperback). (Genus Tantilla, pp. 397-399.)
  • Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Comstock. Ithaca and London. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes) ("Genus Tantilla", p. 722; "Key to the [species and subspecies of the] genus Tantilla", pp. 723-725.)

External links[edit]