Tanuma Okitsugu

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Tanuma".
Tanuma Okitsugu
Tanuma Okitsugu2.jpg
Tanuma Okitsugu
Lord of Sagara
In office
1767–1786
Preceded by Honda Tadanaka
Succeeded by Tanuma Okiaki
Personal details
Born (1719-09-11)September 11, 1719
Edo, Japan
Died August 25, 1788(1788-08-25) (aged 68)
Edo, Japan
Nationality Japanese

Tanuma Okitsugu (田沼意次?) (September 11, 1719, Edo, Japan – August 25, 1788, Edo) was a rōjū (senior counselor) of the Tokugawa shogunate who introduced monetary reform. He was also a daimyo, and ruled the Sagara han. He used the title Tonomo-no-kami.[1]

His regime is often identified with rampant corruption and huge inflation of currency. In Tenmei 4 (1784), Okitsugu's son, the wakadoshiyori (junior counselor) Tanuma Okitomo, was assassinated inside Edo Castle. Okitomo was killed in front of his father as both were returning to their norimono after a meeting of the Counselors of State had broken up. Okitomo was killed by Sano Masakoto, a hatamoto. The involvement of senior figures in the bakufu was suspected, but only the assassin himself was punished. The result was that the Tanuma-initiated, liberalizing reforms within the bakufu and the relaxation of the strictures of sakoku were blocked.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, p. 222 n65.
  2. ^ Screech, pp. 148-151, 163-170, 248.
Preceded by
Honda Tadanaka
Lord of Sagara
1767-1786
Succeeded by
Tanuma Okiaki

References[edit]

See also[edit]