Tanzeem-e-Islami

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Tanzeem-e-Islami
Leader Hafiz Akif Saeed
Founder Dr. Israr Ahmed
Founded 1975
Headquarters Lahore, Pakistan[1]
Ideology Islamism
Caliphate
Pan-Islamism
Anti-Ahmadiyya
Anti-Zionism
International affiliation Worldwide
Website
http://www.tanzeem.org/default.asp


The Tanzeem-e-Islami is an Islamist religious organisation based in Lahore, Pakistan that advocates the implementation of the Quran and Sunnah in the social, cultural, legal, political, and the economic spheres of life;[2] the establishment of a global Islamic Caliphate;[2] and the "refutation of the misleading thoughts and philosophy of modernity".[3]

The organization has emerged as a "strong conservative force" within Pakistan.[4] It opposes the development of a "modern secular curriculum" in universities, "friendly relations with the United States", and the influx of "Western values and vices" into Pakistan.[4] While it supports jihad, it emphasizes the need for "passive resistance and perseverance", to first gain a "substantial foothold" and build momentum in society.[5] While primarily active in Pakistan, TI has developed "affiliates based in the Indo-Pakistani Muslim communities in North America and Europe".[4]

The organization was formed by author and Islamic scholar Israr Ahmed in 1975 following his break with the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) party in 1957,[4] after the JI entered electoral politics in Pakistan.[2] Ahmed's son, Hafiz Akif Saeed assumed the leadership role of the organization after the voluntary resignation of the founder in 2002.

History of Tanzeem-e-Islami[edit]

According to the Tanzeem website, after Israr quit JI in 1957 he continued his Quranic lectures, but waited for his former colleagues "to initiate efforts of Islamic renaissance through the revolutionary process". However upon realizing that this was not happening to his satisfaction, he decided to step-up this effort and call people to make a disciplined organization and he therefore laid the foundation of Tanzeem-e-Islami.[2]

After TI's founding in 1975, it functioned as a "conventional religious organisation", according to Dawn.com, sharing Dr. Israr’s commentaries on the Quran and Hadith with "the few followers that it had gathered" after he quit JI. However, Israr's following began to grow after General Zia ul-Haq's 1977 military coup.[6]

His first TV programme was called "Al-Kitab" and broadcast in the month of Ramadan of 1978. The other programmes were known as "Allf Lam tim", "Rasül Kamil", "Umm ul Kitab", and "Al-Huda". These and various other speeches where telecast in Pakistan.[7] In 1981 Zia ul-Haq asked PTV, the state-owned Pakistan television channel, to give Dr. Israr a weekly show. His show became one of the first in Pakistan in which an Islamic scholar would sit in front of an audience and give lectures on Islam.[6] According to Dawn, Israr's irritation with the poor hijab of women in the audience of his show, became the basis for Zia’s Ministry of Information encouraging women newscasters, and actresses in TV plays on Pakistan state television to be ‘modestly dressed’, and use a minimum of facial make-up.[6]

In 1983, Dr. Israr introduced his audience to what he felt was the pressing need for a worldwide caliphate or Khalifat.[6] In that year he also surprised a TV studio audience by announcing (during a successful series being played by the Pakistan Cricket team), that ‘Cricket is making Pakistanis ignore their religious obligations .... I am convinced that cricket matches should not be shown on TV. ... Even after the showing of matches on TV is banned, only men should be allowed to go to the stadium to watch these matches.’ This episode was not aired on TV and his program was temporarily cancelled. Israr resigned in protest but continued to have a large following as middle class interest in the Islamic revival grew.[6]

In 1975, 103 people attended TI's first convention and 62 became members. In 1992 there were 1778 members in Pakistan and 234 members in the Middle East. The ladies' wing of TI was formed in 1983, and as of 1990, there were 122 members.[7]

As of 1994 TI had two regional branches in Sakkhar and Islamabad, and two overseas branches in Toronto and Chicago, Quranic academies in Lahore, Karachi and Multan, and plans to found a university.[7]

In 2013, Tanzeem-e-Islam's name was associated with a campaign against Valentine's Day, featuring billboards around Pakistan emblazoned "Say no to Valentines Day".[6]

Teachings[edit]

The essence of what Tanzeem calls the “Islamic revolutionary thought” consists of the idea that it is not enough to practice Islam in one's individual life but that the teachings of the Qur'an and those of the Sunnah of Islamic Prophet Muhammad must also be implemented in their totality in the social, cultural, juristic, political, and the economic spheres of life. Unlike other Muslim political parties, TI is not interested in taking power through the ordinary political process of Pakistan or any other country, but in changing society through influencing its ideas and values.[7]

The credit for reviving this dynamic concept of Islam in the Indian subcontinent, after centuries of neglect and dormancy, goes to Allama Muhammad Iqbal. The first attempt towards the actualization of this concept was made by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Another attempt was made by Maulana Sayyid Abul A`la Maududi (founder of JI).

In its mission statement, the organization states that its most important task is the "effective refutation of the misleading thoughts and philosophy of modernity".[3]

Mission Statement[edit]

According to the Mission Statement of Tanzeem-e-Islami:

“The addressee of Islam is an individual. The main objective of Islam is to provide moral and spiritual fulfillment and salvation to the individual , and the proposed collectivity is required chiefly for the purpose that it may help an individual in achieving his goal, that is to seek the pleasure of Allah.[3]

With regard to the Da`wah, Tanzeem considers that the practice of Da`wah and reform should extend from an individual to his family, his kith and kin, and then gradually to his surroundings.[3]

In regard to the collective responsibility of the Muslim community (Ummah) concerning the work of Da`wah and propagation among the masses, Tanzeem considers that the most important task is to counteract the false beliefs and customs of the period of ignorance (jahiliyya)[that are still prevalent today] and to effectively refute the misleading thoughts and philosophy of the modern times. Moreover the guidance given by the Book (Qur'an) and Sunnah concerning the various aspects of human life should be explained in clear terms so that their real wisdom and rational worth can be made clear, and the doubts in the minds of the people of the present times may be removed.”[3]

Obligations of members[edit]

The ultimate goal of a Muslim is to seek Allah's pleasure and salvation in the Hereafter.[8] The objective of establishing Tanzeem-e-Islami is to assist the Muslims in carrying out obligations as ordained by the Qur'an and Sunnah. The obligations have four levels:

  1. A Muslim is required to develop real faith and conviction (Iman) in his heart;
  2. He is required to live a life of total obedience to the injunctions of the Shari`ah;
  3. He is required to propagate and disseminate the message of Islam to the entire Humanity;
  4. And he is required to try his utmost to establish the ascendancy of Islam over all man-made systems of life.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tanzeem e Islami: Contact Us". Tanzeem-e-Islami. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Tanzeem- e Islami: Background". Tanzeem-e-Islami. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Tanzeem- e Islami: Mission Statement". Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. pp. 660–1. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  5. ^ Guidère, Mathieu (2012). Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism. Scarcrow Press Inc. p. 341. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Paracha, Nadeem F. (Feb 14, 2013). "The heart’s filthy lesson". dawn.com. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d Ahmad, Shagufta (1993). Dr.israr Atlmad's political thought and act1VHies. Instltute of Islamic Studies Mc Gill University Montreal. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Tanzeem-e-Islami. Our Obligations| Tanzeem.info|Retrieved 14 November 2011.

External links[edit]