Daochao (traditional Chinese: 道綽; pinyin: Dào Chāo; Japanese: Dōshaku), who lived 562–645, was a Chinese Buddhist scholar of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra who later became an eminent scholar of Pure Land Buddhism. In Jōdo Shinshū, he is considered the Fourth Patriarch.
According to legend, Daochao once visited the temple of Tan-luan, and read an inscription on the wall that venerated Tanluan. Daochao was so impressed by this inscription that he took up the pursuit of Pure Land Buddhism over his previous studies.
Among Daochao's contributions to Pure Land Buddhism was his distinction that there existed two Paths in Buddhism: The Holy Path (monastic practices leading to the purification of the mind) and the Pure Land Path (relying on Amitābha's grace). He also linked the Buddhist concept of Mafo with the salvation of Amitābha by teaching that Amitābha's compassion was particularly focused on those living in the degenerate age.
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