Clockwise from central:Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine, Hutoushan Park, Taoyuan Jinfu Temple, Taoyuan Wenchang Temple, Taoyuan Exhibition Center, Taoyuan Confucius temple, Zhongzhen Rd.
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Su Chia-ming (蘇家明)|
|• Total||34.8046 km2 (13.4381 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
Taoyuan, officially known as Taoyuan City (Chinese: 桃園市; pinyin: Táoyuán Shì; Wade–Giles: T'ao-yüan Shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-hn̂g-chhī), is a city and the county seat of Taoyuan County in the northwestern part of the island of Taiwan. Taoyuan is the gateway of Taiwan: with the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in the vicinity, and is a 30-minute ride to the capital, Taipei. After the creation of New Taipei City on December 25, 2010, the city of Taoyuan became the most populous county-controlled city in Taiwan, surpassing Banqiao, the former seat of Taipei County and once the most populous county-controlled city since the late 80s, this will again change when Taoyuan City is converted to a district of a new Taoyuan special municipality on December 25, 2014.
General statistics include:
- Area: 34.80 km2 (13.44 sq mi)
- Elevation: 157 ft (48 m)
- Population: 415,431 people (January 2014)
Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, and is generally higher in the first half of the year. Due to the effect of wind from mainland China, Taoyuan is typically cooler than New Taipei despite having a lower latitude.
Taoyuan is the native home to the Plains tribes of Taiwanese aborigines. Taoyuan's old name was 桃仔園 (pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard"), since there used to be many peach blossoms in the area. In 1920 under Japanese rule, the area was renamed Tōen Town (Japanese: 桃園街), and incorporated into the Hsinchu state as a county jurisdiction. After the Chinese Civil War, it was "Taoyuan Town, Taoyuan County". Since 1971, the name has remained Taoyuan City (桃園市).
Within Taoyuan, there are five senior vocational high schools, 12 junior high schools, 23 primary schools, and an intelligence initiation school. Taoyuan is also home to a number of buxibans, or cram schools, which teach additional courses in mathematics, English, sciences, etc. There are also ten universities located near Taoyuan.
Taoyuan was one the host cities of the Taiwan European Film Festival in 2012.
Companies headquartered or located in Taoyuan City include:
Twin towns – Sister cities
Taoyuan City is twinned with:
- Bartholomew, Ian (November 11, 2012). "European film festival opens". Taipei Times.
- "Radom - Miasta partnerskie" [Radom - Parntership cities]. Miasto Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Ginsburg, Norton Sydney (et al.) (1991). The Extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia. University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved February 6, 2012. ISBN 0-8248-1297-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taoyuan, Taiwan.|
- Taoyuan City Office (English)