Clockwise from top: Taoyuan International Airport, Nankan River, Window on China Theme Park, Taoyuan Shinto shrines, THSR Taoyuan Station, Daxi Old Street, Shihmen Reservoir
|City Seat||Taoyuan District|
|• Mayor||Cheng Wen-tsan|
|• Total||1,220.9540 km2 (471.4130 sq mi)|
|Area rank||14 of 22|
|Population (November 2014)|
|• Rank||5 of 22|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||Formosan blue magpie
Taoyuan City (Chinese: 桃園市; pinyin: Táoyuán Shì), formerly known as Taoyuan County (Chinese: 桃園縣; pinyin: Táoyuán Xiàn) is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan near New Taipei, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County. Taoyuan District is the seat of the municipal government and which, along with Zhongli District, forming a large metropolitan area, home to many industrial parks and tech company headquarters. Taoyuan developed from a satellite city of Taipei metropolitan area to be the fourth largest metropolitan area in Taiwan. Taoyuan's easy commute to New Taipei and Taipei City caused it to be the most immigrated region in Taiwan.
"Taoyuan" means "peach garden", since the area used to have many peach blossoms. Taoyuan is the native home to the Pingpu tribe of Aborigines. It is now an important industrial region in Taiwan. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, which serves Taipei and northern Taiwan, is located in this city.
Formerly known as Taoyuan County, Taoyuan was reorganised as a special municipality named Taoyuan City (桃園市) on 25 December 2014, while the original county-controlled Taoyuan City became Taoyuan District.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Ethnic groups
- 4 Economy
- 5 Administration
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Government and Politics
- 8 Education
- 9 Sports
- 10 Transportation
- 11 International relations
- 12 Relative location
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Anciently, the Taoyuan plateau was the home of the Taiwanese Plains Aborigines. In prehistory, the Ketagalan people settled in Nankan (南崁). In the early years of Dutch colonization, Spanish colonization, and Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty, there were no large-scale cultivation or industrial activities. During the Qing era, a number of people from Fujian Province and Guangdong province began to immigrate into present-day Taoyuan to develop and farm the land. They planted peach trees, which, when fully bloomed in spring, were so beautiful that the people named the land 桃仔園 (pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard"), which was shortened into the present name.
Japanese occupation (1885–1945)
During the Japanese occupation, the staged migration policy of the Japanese government caused Taoyuan City to develop into a city with a variety of cultures. For example, temples and worshipping paths (currently the Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine) symbolized cultural systems. Wude Temple (武德殿) was used to represent military systems, and the old Taoyuan City Office signified political systems. Taoyuan Area was a part of Shinchiku Prefecture during this time.
Republic of China (1945-present)
In 1950, Taoyuan County was established by Republic of China government. At the edge of the Greater Taipei Region, this caused some structural and life-style changes within its society. Trade prosperity in recent years and the proliferation of job opportunities helped Taoyuan develop into a major economic district in Northern Taiwan. Population has increased ever since. As part of the Ten Major Construction Projects pursued by the government in the 1970s, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport opened on February 26, 1979. With large numbers of passengers and increasing freight transport, Taoyuan International Airport is now the most important international gateway to Taiwan.
Taoyuan City is located approximately 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Taipei in northern Taiwan and occupies 1,220 km2. It is made up of low-lying plains, interconnected mountains and plateaus. Its shape has a long and narrow southeast-to-northwest trend, with the southeast in the Xueshan Range and the far end on the shores of the Taiwan Strait.
Taoyuan city has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm winters and hot summers, typical of northern Taiwan.
(The climate data of Taipei City is shown below for reference due to the city's proximity to Taipei.)
|Climate data for Taipei (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||16.1
|Average low °C (°F)||13.9
|Rainfall mm (inches)||83.2
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||14.1||14.6||15.5||14.9||14.8||15.5||12.3||14||13.8||11.9||12.4||11.7||165.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||80.6||71.3||89.6||92.6||113.7||121.7||179||188.9||153.7||124||99.4||90.7||1,405.2|
|Source: Central Weather Bureau|
Many Hakka people live in the "South Taoyuan (南桃園)" region of the city, which includes Zhongli, Pingzhen, Pingzhen, Longtan, Guanyin and Xinwu Districts. With over 785,000 Hakka people, Taoyuan City has the most in Taiwan.
Emigrated from mainland China
Many people emigrated from mainland China to then Taoyuan County after the Chinese Civil War along with the KMT government. Most of them live at Military dependents' village in Zhongli, Pingzhen and Guishan. Longgang is well known for immigration from Yunnan, with many Yunnan cuisine restaurants.
On March 26, 2010, China Airlines moved into its new headquarters on the grounds of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and in Dayuan Township (now Dayuan District) in Taoyuan County. EVA Air maintains headquarters in Luzhu District. Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation, Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp., and Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation, subsidiaries of Evergreen Group, are headquartered in Dayuan.
Taoyuan City is divided into 13 districts.
|Romanised name||Land Area||Population|
|Bade District (八德區)||33.71||179,725|
|Luzhu District (蘆竹區)||75.50||150,070|
|Pingzhen District (平鎮區)||47.75||211,210|
|Taoyuan District (桃園區)||34.80||415,431|
|Yangmei District (楊梅區)||89.12||155,851|
|Zhongli District (中壢區)||76.52||379,127|
|Daxi District (大溪區)||105.14||91,910|
|Dayuan District (大園區)||87.39||83,590|
|Fuxing District (復興區)||350.78||10,638|
|Guanyin District (觀音區)||87.98||63,050|
|Guishan District (龜山區)||72.01||140,481|
|Longtan District (龍潭區)||75.23||115,786|
|Xinwu District (新屋區)||85.02||47,988|
Shihmen Reservoir (石門水庫) is one of Taiwan's major reservoirs. Once the largest water conservancy project in Southeast Asia, visitors may find many restaurants opened near the reservoir serving fresh reservoir fish delicacies. There is also a 3-kilometer-long bicycle track surrounding the back pond. ShiMan Reservoir provides almost all of the water in Taipei City.
Daxi Old Street
Window on China Theme Park
Window on China Theme Park (小人國主題樂園) is one of Taiwan's earliest theme parks, established in 1984. The park consists of 3 areas, including Mini World, Water Park, and an Amusement Park. The park features many small scale replicas of many famous world landmarks.
Lalashan (Mount Lala, 拉拉山) is one of the natural protection zones in Taiwan. There are 500–2800 year old divine trees and the No.5 divine tree, which predates Confucius.
Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine
Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine (桃園忠烈祠) is one of the best-kept Shinto shrines outside of Japan.
Government and Politics
In 2001, Eric Chu of Kuomintang defeated Democratic Progressive Party incumbent Peng Shao-chin in the race for Taoyuan County magistrate. Peng had inherited the magistrate position after Annette Lu vacated the post to serve as Vice President. Chu ran for re-election in 2005 and defeated DPP challenger Pao-ching Cheng, CEO of the Taiwan Salt Company.
After the upgrade of Taoyuan County to Taoyuan City, Cheng Wen-tsan of the DPP won the 2014 Taoyuan City mayoralty election on 29 November 2014 and became the city first mayor starting 25 December 2014.
1996 Presidential election
2000 Presidential election
|Independent||James Soong||Chang Chau-hsiung||413,370||43.83%|
|Kuomintang||Lien Chan||Vincent Siew||208,881||22.15%|
|New Party||Li Ao||Elmer Fung||1,140||0.12%|
|Independent||Hsu Hsin-liang||Josephine Chu||20,581||2.18%|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Chen Shui-bian||Annette Lu||299,120||31.72%|
2004 Presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Chen Shui-bian||Annette Lu||448,770||44.68%|
|Kuomintang||Lien Chan||James Soong||555,688||55.32%|
2008 Presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Frank Hsieh||Su Tseng-chang||379,416||35.36%|
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-jeou||Vincent Siew||693,602||64.64%|
2012 Presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Tsai Ing-wen||Su Jia-chyuan||445,308||39.85%|
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-jeou||Wu Den-yih||639,151||57.20%|
|Independent (or seen as PFP)||James Soong||Lin Ruey-shiung||32,927||2.95%|
- Central Police University
- National Central University
- National Defense University
- National Taiwan Sport University
- Chang Gung University
- Ching Yun University 
- Chung Yuan Christian University
- Kainan University
- Lunghwa University of Science and Technology
- Vanung University
- Yuan Ze University
Public high schools
- National Chungli High School
- National Neili Senior High School
- National Taoyuan Senior High School
- National Wuling Senior High School
- National Yangmei Senior High School
- National Yangming Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Dasi Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Dayuan International Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Nankan Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Pingjhen Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Shoushan Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Yungfong Senior High School
Junior high schools
Industry and environment
Taoyuan City is home to the Lamigo Monkeys, CPBL. Who play their home games at the Taoyuan International Baseball Stadium. The then Taoyuan County is also the birthplace of Taiwanese professional golfer Yani Tseng and taekwondo athlete Chu Mu-yen.
- Taoyuan Taolin Railroad (Linkao Line)
- Taoyuan Taolin Railroad is a railway branch line in Taiwan run by the Taiwan Railway Administration. It is located in Taoyuan City and New Taipei City.
Mass Rapid Transit
A rapid transit system is under construction, see Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit System.
- Lines and stations of Taoyuan MRT System:
|Taoyuan Airport MRT||Taipei||Sanchong||4.1||53.5||Under construction|
|Blue||Airport Terminal 2||Huanbei||17||25.4||Under construction|
|Orange||Main Line||Shanzaiding||Huiji Jr High||22.7||Planning|
|Dingpu||Fongming Jr High||13.2||18.6||Planning|
|Fongming Jr High||Mayuan||5.4||Planning|
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport at Dayuan District is the largest airport in Taiwan. It serves as the main international hub for China Airlines and EVA Air. Taiwan Taoyuan handled a total of 25,114,418 passengers in 2010. It is the fifteenth-busiest air freight hub in the world and thirteenth-busiest airport by international passenger traffic. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport currently has two terminals which are connected by two, short people movers. A third terminal is planned, and a rapid transit system currently under construction will link the terminals together underground.
Twin towns — Sister cities
|Taiwan Strait||New Taipei City|
- "桃園縣103年改制直轄市 名為「桃園市」". The Epoch Times. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.
- "move.htm." China Airlines. Retrieved on 15 March 2010.
- "China Airlines Inaugurates CAL Park at Taoyuan Airport." China Airlines. 26 March 2010. Retrieved on 26 March 2010.
- "Evergreen Club." EVA Air. 24/28. Retrieved on 21 May 2009.
- "Contact Us." Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
- "Contact Us." Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
- "Company Location." Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taoyuan City.|
- Taoyuan County Government official website (Chinese)
- Taoyuan County Government official website (English)
- Taoyuan MRT
- Taoyuan Parking Management System