Taoyuan City

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This article is about the recently converted special municipality formerly known as Taoyuan County. For former county-controlled Taoyuan City, see Taoyuan District.
Taoyuan City
桃園市
Special municipality
Clockwise from top: Taoyuan International Airport, Nankan River, Window on China Theme Park, Taoyuan Shinto shrines, THSR Taoyuan Station, Daxi Old Street, Shihmen Reservoir
Clockwise from top: Taoyuan International Airport, Nankan River, Window on China Theme Park, Taoyuan Shinto shrines, THSR Taoyuan Station, Daxi Old Street, Shihmen Reservoir
Flag of Taoyuan City
Flag
Coat of arms of Taoyuan City
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Taoyuan County.svg
Coordinates: 24°59′28.6″N 121°18′51.58″E / 24.991278°N 121.3143278°E / 24.991278; 121.3143278Coordinates: 24°59′28.6″N 121°18′51.58″E / 24.991278°N 121.3143278°E / 24.991278; 121.3143278
Country  Taiwan
Region Northern Taiwan
City Seat Taoyuan District
District-divisions 13 districts
Government
 • Mayor Cheng Wen-tsan
Area
 • Total 1,220.9540 km2 (471.4130 sq mi)
Area rank 14 of 22
Population (November 2014)
 • Total 2,056,273[1]
 • Rank 5 of 22
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website

www.tycg.gov.tw

Symbols
Bird Formosan blue magpie
(Urocissa caerulea)
Flower Peach blossom
Tree Peach tree
Taoyuan City
Traditional Chinese 桃園市
Simplified Chinese 桃园市
(video) Taoyuan, looking down from the air.l

Taoyuan City (Chinese: 桃園市; pinyin: Táoyuán Shì), formerly known as Taoyuan County (Chinese: 桃園縣; pinyin: Táoyuán Xiàn) is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan near New Taipei, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County. Taoyuan District is the seat of the municipal government and which, along with Zhongli District, forming a large metropolitan area, home to many industrial parks and tech company headquarters. Taoyuan developed from a satellite city of Taipei metropolitan area to be the fourth largest metropolitan area in Taiwan. Taoyuan's easy commute to New Taipei and Taipei City caused it to be the most immigrated region in Taiwan.

"Taoyuan" means "peach garden", since the area used to have many peach blossoms. Taoyuan is the native home to the Pingpu tribe of Aborigines. It is now an important industrial region in Taiwan. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, which serves Taipei and northern Taiwan, is located in this city.

Formerly known as Taoyuan County, Taoyuan was reorganised as a special municipality named Taoyuan City (桃園市) on 25 December 2014, while the original county-controlled Taoyuan City became Taoyuan District.[2]


History[edit]

Early History[edit]

Anciently, the Taoyuan plateau was the home of the Taiwanese Plains Aborigines. In prehistory, the Ketagalan people settled in Nankan (南崁). In the early years of Dutch colonization, Spanish colonization, and Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty, there were no large-scale cultivation or industrial activities. During the Qing era, a number of people from Fujian Province and Guangdong province began to immigrate into present-day Taoyuan to develop and farm the land. They planted peach trees, which, when fully bloomed in spring, were so beautiful that the people named the land 桃仔園 (pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard"), which was shortened into the present name.

Japanese occupation (1885–1945)[edit]

Taoyuan Station during Japanese occupation Era.

During the Japanese occupation, the staged migration policy of the Japanese government caused Taoyuan City to develop into a city with a variety of cultures. For example, temples and worshipping paths (currently the Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine) symbolized cultural systems. Wude Temple (武德殿) was used to represent military systems, and the old Taoyuan City Office signified political systems. Taoyuan Area was a part of Shinchiku Prefecture during this time.

Republic of China (1945-present)[edit]

In 1950, Taoyuan County was established by Republic of China government. At the edge of the Greater Taipei Region, this caused some structural and life-style changes within its society. Trade prosperity in recent years and the proliferation of job opportunities helped Taoyuan develop into a major economic district in Northern Taiwan. Population has increased ever since. As part of the Ten Major Construction Projects pursued by the government in the 1970s, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport opened on February 26, 1979. With large numbers of passengers and increasing freight transport, Taoyuan International Airport is now the most important international gateway to Taiwan.

On 25 December 2014, Taoyuan County was reorganized from a county to become a special municipality named Taoyuan City (桃園市).

Geography[edit]

Overview of downtown Taoyuan.

Taoyuan City is located approximately 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Taipei in northern Taiwan and occupies 1,220 km2. It is made up of low-lying plains, interconnected mountains and plateaus. Its shape has a long and narrow southeast-to-northwest trend, with the southeast in the Xueshan Range and the far end on the shores of the Taiwan Strait.

There are many irrigation ponds at Taoyuan Plateau, which has caused Taoyuan City to earn the nickname "Thousand-pond Township" (千塘之鄉).[3]

Climate[edit]

Taoyuan city has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm winters and hot summers, typical of northern Taiwan.

(The climate data of Taipei City is shown below for reference due to the city's proximity to Taipei.)

Climate data for Taipei (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.1
(71.8)
25.7
(78.3)
29.2
(84.6)
32.0
(89.6)
34.3
(93.7)
33.8
(92.8)
31.1
(88)
27.5
(81.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.7
(69.3)
26.6
(79.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
16.5
(61.7)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
27.7
(81.9)
29.6
(85.3)
29.2
(84.6)
27.4
(81.3)
24.5
(76.1)
21.5
(70.7)
17.9
(64.2)
23
(73.41)
Average low °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
14.2
(57.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19
(66)
22.3
(72.1)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
26.1
(79)
24.8
(76.6)
22.3
(72.1)
19.3
(66.7)
15.6
(60.1)
20.4
(68.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 83.2
(3.276)
170.3
(6.705)
180.4
(7.102)
177.8
(7)
234.5
(9.232)
325.9
(12.831)
245.1
(9.65)
322.1
(12.681)
360.5
(14.193)
148.9
(5.862)
83.1
(3.272)
73.3
(2.886)
2,405.1
(94.69)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 14.1 14.6 15.5 14.9 14.8 15.5 12.3 14 13.8 11.9 12.4 11.7 165.5
 % humidity 78.5 80.6 79.5 77.8 76.6 77.3 73 74.1 75.8 75.3 75.4 75.4 76.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 80.6 71.3 89.6 92.6 113.7 121.7 179 188.9 153.7 124 99.4 90.7 1,405.2
Source: Central Weather Bureau[4]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Hoklo people[edit]

Many Hoklo people live in the "North Taoyuan (北桃園)" region of Taoyuan City, which includes Taoyuan, Bade, Daxi, Dayuan, Guishan and Luzhu Districts.

Hakka people[edit]

Many Hakka people live in the "South Taoyuan (南桃園)" region of the city, which includes Zhongli, Pingzhen, Pingzhen, Longtan, Guanyin and Xinwu Districts. With over 785,000 Hakka people, Taoyuan City has the most in Taiwan.

Emigrated from mainland China[edit]

Many people emigrated from mainland China to then Taoyuan County after the Chinese Civil War along with the KMT government. Most of them live at Military dependents' village in Zhongli, Pingzhen and Guishan. Longgang is well known for immigration from Yunnan, with many Yunnan cuisine restaurants.

Aborigines[edit]

Most Taiwanese aborigines in the city live in Fuxing District, with most of them belonging to the Atayal people.

Economy[edit]

On March 26, 2010, China Airlines moved into its new headquarters on the grounds of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and in Dayuan Township (now Dayuan District) in Taoyuan County.[5][6] EVA Air maintains headquarters in Luzhu District.[7] Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation, Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp., and Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation, subsidiaries of Evergreen Group, are headquartered in Dayuan.[8][9][10]

Administration[edit]

Taoyuan City Administrative Divisions

Taoyuan City is divided into 13 districts.

Romanised name Land Area Population
Bade District (八德區) 33.71 179,725
Luzhu District (蘆竹區) 75.50 150,070
Pingzhen District (平鎮區) 47.75 211,210
Taoyuan District (桃園區) 34.80 415,431
Yangmei District (楊梅區) 89.12 155,851
Zhongli District (中壢區) 76.52 379,127
Daxi District (大溪區) 105.14 91,910
Dayuan District (大園區) 87.39 83,590
Fuxing District (復興區) 350.78 10,638
Guanyin District (觀音區) 87.98 63,050
Guishan District (龜山區) 72.01 140,481
Longtan District (龍潭區) 75.23 115,786
Xinwu District (新屋區) 85.02 47,988

Tourism[edit]

Shihmen Reservoir[edit]

Shihmen Reservoir (石門水庫) is one of Taiwan's major reservoirs. Once the largest water conservancy project in Southeast Asia, visitors may find many restaurants opened near the reservoir serving fresh reservoir fish delicacies. There is also a 3-kilometer-long bicycle track surrounding the back pond. ShiMan Reservoir provides almost all of the water in Taipei City.

Daxi Old Street[edit]

Daxi Old Street is one of the famous Taiwan old streets that used to be a bustling hub for camphor and tea trade, filled with diverse stores with façades designed in a Baroque style.

Cihu Mausoleum[edit]

Cihu Mausoleum (慈湖陵寢) is the final resting place of the former president of Republic of China, Chiang Kai-Shek.

Window on China Theme Park[edit]

Window on China Theme Park (小人國主題樂園) is one of Taiwan's earliest theme parks, established in 1984. The park consists of 3 areas, including Mini World, Water Park, and an Amusement Park. The park features many small scale replicas of many famous world landmarks.

Lalashan[edit]

Lalashan (Mount Lala, 拉拉山) is one of the natural protection zones in Taiwan. There are 500–2800 year old divine trees and the No.5 divine tree, which predates Confucius.

Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine[edit]

Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine (桃園忠烈祠) is one of the best-kept Shinto shrines outside of Japan.

Longgang Mosque[edit]

The Longgang Mosque (龍岡清真寺) in Zhongli is Taiwan's 5th mosque. It was originally built in 1967 to serve an area with many Taiwanese Muslims.

Government and Politics[edit]

Leaders[edit]

Cheng Wen-tsan, the incumbent Mayor of Taoyuan City.

In 2001, Eric Chu of Kuomintang defeated Democratic Progressive Party incumbent Peng Shao-chin in the race for Taoyuan County magistrate. Peng had inherited the magistrate position after Annette Lu vacated the post to serve as Vice President. Chu ran for re-election in 2005 and defeated DPP challenger Pao-ching Cheng, CEO of the Taiwan Salt Company.

In 2009, John Wu of KMT defeated his opponent from DPP, Cheng Wen-tsan and becomes the Magistrate of Taoyuan County.

After the upgrade of Taoyuan County to Taoyuan City, Cheng Wen-tsan of the DPP won the 2014 Taoyuan City mayoralty election on 29 November 2014 and became the city first mayor starting 25 December 2014.[11]

Presidential elections[edit]

1996 Presidential election[edit]

A majority of Taoyuan County residents voted for eventual winner Lee Teng-hui and vice-president Lien Chan.

2000 Presidential election[edit]

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Independent James Soong Chang Chau-hsiung 413,370 43.83%
Kuomintang Lien Chan Vincent Siew 208,881 22.15%
New Party Li Ao Elmer Fung 1,140 0.12%
Independent Hsu Hsin-liang Josephine Chu 20,581 2.18%
Democratic Progressive Party Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu 299,120 31.72%

2004 Presidential election[edit]

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Democratic Progressive Party Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu 448,770 44.68%
Kuomintang Lien Chan James Soong 555,688 55.32%

2008 Presidential election[edit]

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Democratic Progressive Party Frank Hsieh Su Tseng-chang 379,416 35.36%
Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou Vincent Siew 693,602 64.64%

2012 Presidential election[edit]

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Democratic Progressive Party Tsai Ing-wen Su Jia-chyuan 445,308 39.85%
Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou Wu Den-yih 639,151 57.20%
Independent (or seen as PFP) James Soong Lin Ruey-shiung 32,927 2.95%

Education[edit]

Public universities[edit]

Private universities[edit]

Public high schools[edit]

Junior high schools[edit]

Further information: Education in Taoyuan City

Elementary schools[edit]

Further information: Education in Taoyuan City

Industry and environment[edit]

A former RCA facility is located in the city. The RCA facility is the source of significant trichloroethylene contamination.

Sports[edit]

Taoyuan International Baseball field.

Taoyuan City is home to the Lamigo Monkeys, CPBL. Who play their home games at the Taoyuan International Baseball Stadium. The then Taoyuan County is also the birthplace of Taiwanese professional golfer Yani Tseng and taekwondo athlete Chu Mu-yen.

Transportation[edit]

TRA Taoyuan Station
THSR Taoyuan Station
The Skytrain shuttles passengers between Terminals 1 and 2, Taoyuan International Airport.

Rail[edit]

TRA Western LineTaoyuan - Neili - Zhongli - Puxin - Yangmei - Fugang
Taoyuan Taolin Railroad is a railway branch line in Taiwan run by the Taiwan Railway Administration. It is located in Taoyuan City and New Taipei City.
Taoyuan Station is located at the Qingpu Area (青埔), Zhongli.

Mass Rapid Transit[edit]

A rapid transit system is under construction, see Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit System.

  • Lines and stations of Taoyuan MRT System:
Line Termini Length (km) Total
Length (km)
Status
Taoyuan Airport MRT Taipei Sanchong 4.1 53.5 Under construction
Sanchong Huanbei 47.4 Under construction
Huanbei Zhongli 2.04 Planning
Blue Airport Terminal 2 Huanbei 17 25.4 Under construction
Huanbei Zhongli 2.04 Planning
Zhongli Bade 6.36 Planning
Red Fengming Zhongli 15.95 29.3 Under construction
Zhongli Fugang 13.35 Planning
Green Bade Dayuan 27.2 27.2 Planning
Orange Main Line Shanzaiding Huiji Jr High 22.7 Planning
Longtan Line Shanzaiding Longtan Planning
Brown Taolin Line Taoyuan Shanbi 12.5 24.5 Planning
Huilong Line Taoyuan Huilong 12 Planning
Taipei Metro:
Blue-Sanying Line
Dingpu Fongming Jr High 13.2 18.6 Planning
Fongming Jr High Mayuan 5.4 Planning

Road[edit]

National Highway No. 1 and 3 are nearby and connect via local highways to the city itself. National Highway No. 2 connects to Taoyuan International Airport.

Bus[edit]

Air[edit]

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport at Dayuan District is the largest airport in Taiwan. It serves as the main international hub for China Airlines and EVA Air. Taiwan Taoyuan handled a total of 25,114,418 passengers in 2010. It is the fifteenth-busiest air freight hub in the world and thirteenth-busiest airport by international passenger traffic. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport currently has two terminals which are connected by two, short people movers. A third terminal is planned, and a rapid transit system currently under construction will link the terminals together underground.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.tycg.gov.tw/eng/home.jsp?id=16&parentpath=0,9
  2. ^ "桃園縣103年改制直轄市 名為「桃園市」". The Epoch Times. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  3. ^ 桃園水利會灌區埤塘發展史
  4. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau. 
  5. ^ "move.htm." China Airlines. Retrieved on 15 March 2010.
  6. ^ "China Airlines Inaugurates CAL Park at Taoyuan Airport." China Airlines. 26 March 2010. Retrieved on 26 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Evergreen Club." EVA Air. 24/28. Retrieved on 21 May 2009.
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
  10. ^ "Company Location." Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
  11. ^ http://vote2014.nat.gov.tw/en/TC/n300000000000000.html

External links[edit]