Tapa (Filipino cuisine)
Tapa is dried or cured beef, mutton or venison, although other meat or even fish may be used. Filipinos prepare thin slices of meat and cure it with salt and spices as a method of preserving it. Tapa is best fried or grilled, often served with rice, fried egg and achara (pickled papaya strips).
Tapsi, Tapsilog, and other -silogs
Tapsilog is the term used when tapa, garlic-fried rice (sinangag), and fried egg (itlog) are combined into one meal, which is served primarily during breakfast. The word tapa is related to the Sanskrit term tapas which means "heat". In Tagalog, a restaurant that primarily serves tapa is called a tapahan, tapsihan or tapsilugan. According to some sources, tapsilog and tapsihan are colloquial slang words. However, these terms are used by those restaurants and many Filipinos of all social strata. Tapsilog and tapsihan, therefore, may be considered standard words in the Filipino language rather than slang.
The word tapsilog has spawned many other dishes, all having fried rice (or garlic fried rice) and fried egg in it and suffixed with silog. Examples are:
- Daingsilog - daing, fried rice and fried egg
- Adosilog - adobo, fried rice and fried egg
- Bacsilog - bacon, fried rice and fried egg
- Bangsilog - bangus (milkfish), fried rice and fried egg
- Bisteksilog - beef steak, fried rice and fried egg
- Dangsilog - danggit (rabbitfish), fried rice and fried egg
- Vicsilog - vic (chinless hogfish), fried rice and hard-cooked egg yolks
- Chosilog - chorizo, fried rice and fried egg
- Chiksilog - fried chicken, fried rice and fried egg
- Cornsilog - corned beef, fried rice and fried egg
- Hotsilog - hotdog, fried rice and fried egg
- Longsilog - longganisa, fried rice and fried egg
- Litsilog - lechon, fried rice and fried egg
- Masilog - Ma Ling brand Chinese luncheon meat, fried rice and fried egg
- SPAMsilog - SPAM brand luncheon meat, fried rice and fried egg
- Tosilog - tocino, fried rice and fried egg
Restaurants serving tapsilog
It was originally intended to be quick breakfast fare and the word originally established in 1980's and came from the famous "Tapsi ni Vivian" restaurant in Marikina City. Small restaurants in many barangays in the Philippines serve tapsilog; however, large business establishment chains, such as Sinangag Express, Lola Ely's, Chades, Rodic's, Rufo's Famous Tapa, GoodAh!, Max's, Tapa King, Goto King, and Goto Tapsi Republic, have also ventured into selling tapa. Due to the popularity of this cuisine, some fast food chains in the Philippines, including Jollibee, Chowking, McDonald's, and Greenwich Pizza also include tapsilog on their breakfast menus.
- Rowthorn, Chris; Greg Bloom, Michael Day (2006). Philippines. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-74104-289-5. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
- Harper Fussell, Betty (2008). Raising Steaks: The Life and Times of American Beef. Houghton Mifflin Harcour. p. 332. ISBN 0-15-101202-4. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
- "tapsilog". Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- "tapsihan". Retrieved 2007-07-10.