Tapani Incident

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Wushe Incident
Xilaian Incident.jpg
Taiwanese captured after the Tapani Incident being taken from the Tainan jail to court
Date 1915
Location Taiwan
Result Japanese victory
Han Taiwanese
Taiwanese aborigines
 Empire of Japan
Commanders and leaders
Yu Qingfang Empire of Japan
Tapani Incident
Chinese 噍吧哖事件
Alternative name
Traditional Chinese 西來庵事件
Simplified Chinese 西来庵事件
Literal meaning Xilai Temple Incident
Alternative name
Chinese 玉井事件
Literal meaning Yujing Incident

The Tapani Incident in 1915 was one of the largest armed uprisings by Taiwanese Han and Aboriginals against Japanese rule in Taiwan. Alternative names used to refer to the incident include the Xilai Temple Incident (Japanese: 西来庵事件 Hepburn: Seirai-an jiken?, simplified Chinese: 西来庵事件; traditional Chinese: 西來庵事件) after the Xilai Temple (西來庵) in Tainan, where the revolt began, and the Yu Qingfang Incident after the leader Yu Qingfang.


Multiple Japanese police stations were stormed by Aboriginal and Han Chinese fighters under Chiang Ting (Jiang Ding) and Yü Ch'ing-fang (Yu Qingfang).[1]


Modern Taiwanese historiography attempts to portray the Tapani Incident as a nationalist uprising, either from a Chinese (unification) or Taiwanese (independence) perspective, whereas Japanese colonial historiography attempted to portray the incident as a large scale instance of banditry led by criminal elements. However, the Tapani Incident differs from other uprisings in Taiwan's history due to the elements of millenarianism and folk religion, which enabled Yu Qingfang to raise a significant armed force whose members believed themselves to be invulnerable to modern weaponry.[2]

The similarities between the rhetoric of the leaders of the Tapani uprising and the Righteous Harmony Society of the recent Boxer Rebellion in China were not lost on Japanese colonial authorities, and subsequently, the colonial government paid more attention to popular religion, and took steps to improve on colonial administration in southern Taiwan.

Han Chinese violent opposition stopped after Tapani but the Aboriginals carried on with violent armed struggle against the Japanese.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Governmentality and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan: A Case Study of the Ta-pa-ni Incident
  2. ^ Katz, Paul R. (2005). When Valleys Turned Blood Red: The Tapani Incident in Colonial Taiwan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 110. ISBN 9780824829155. 
  3. ^ Crook 2014, p. 16.


  • Katz, Paul R. (2 March 2007). "Governmentality and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan: A Case Study of the Ta-pa-ni Incident of 1915". The Journal of Asian Studies 64 (02): 387–424. doi:10.1017/s0021911805000823. 

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