Taplow

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Taplow
Taplow church - geograph.org.uk - 60104.jpg
The mock-medieval parish church with green copper spire on bell tower and tall nave is listed in the initial category, built in 1911.
Taplow village centre - geograph.org.uk - 59903.jpg
Part of the developed traditional core of Taplow which is mostly formal parkland with a minority of woodland and cultivated fields and hay meadows.
Taplow is located in Buckinghamshire
Taplow
Taplow
 Taplow shown within Buckinghamshire
Area  11.22 km2 (4.33 sq mi)
Population 1,669 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  149/km2 (390/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU9182
Civil parish Taplow
District South Bucks
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Maidenhead
Postcode district SL6
Dialling code 01628
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Beaconsfield
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Coordinates: 51°31′52″N 0°41′13″W / 51.531°N 0.687°W / 51.531; -0.687

Taplow is a village and civil parish in the South Bucks district in Buckinghamshire, England. It sits on the east, left, bank of the River Thames facing Maidenhead.

Taplow railway station is near the A4 south of the settled part of the village and provides access to and from Oxford, Reading and London Paddington. Its two large stately homes with parkland adjoin each other and face the Thames, Taplow Court and Cliveden and sit at the highest point of the intermittent terraced gravel formations stretching from the Chiltern Hills in the far north of the parish to beyond Windsor to the south and as far east as the edge of Central London. Each was designated by central body responsible a protected areas under the UK's statutory planning scheme (in this instance a listed park and garden).

Charing Cross is 23 miles (37 km) east of Taplow's centre and footpaths connect all parts of the parish to Maidenhead Bridge and to Burnham Beeches a modest, hilly forest marking the start of the Chiltern Hills.

History[edit]

The site is the eponym of the Taplow Terrace, a layer of gravel and sand laid down in the London Basin over the London Clay in the Pleistocene Ice Age.[2]

The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'Tæppa's barrow'; the Anglo-Saxon burial mound of Taeppa can still be visited, and important artefacts excavated there are now in the British Museum, notably a gold belt buckle. Taplow was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Thapeslau. Taplow Court nearby is also the site of an early Iron Age hill fort and was the site of the manor house.[3][4]

William Grenfell, 1st Baron Desborough lived at Taplow Court.[5] Neighbouring is Cliveden, former home and parkland of Nancy Astor in the parish. Both aspects of Cliveden are today open under the National Trust scheme though part of the main building is used as a hotel for visiting dignitaries to the UK.

The church was built in 1911 but includes one of the earliest surviving brass memorials to a civilian in England, made in about 1350 which would place it in the seven years of the Black Death (plague).[6]

Demography[edit]

Taplow compared
2001 UK Census Taplow ward South Bucks borough England
Population 1,584 61,945 49,138,831
Foreign born 14.9% 12.2% 9.2%
White 96.1% 93.4% 90.9%
Asian 2.3% 4.5% 4.6%
Black 0.0% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 73.4% 75.6% 71.7%
Muslim 0.4% 1.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.8% 1.2% 1.16
No religion 17.1% 12.5% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.3% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 12.7% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Taplow electoral ward had a population of 1,584. The ethnicity was 96.1% white, 1% mixed race, 2.3% Asian, 0% black and 0.6% other. The place of birth of residents was 85.1% United Kingdom, 1% Republic of Ireland, 4.6% other Western European countries, and 9.3% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 73.4% Christian, 0.9% Buddhist, 0.8% Hindu, 0.8% Sikh, 0.3% Jewish, and 0.4% Muslim. 17.1% were recorded as having no religion, 0% had an alternative religion and 6.4% did not state their religion.[7]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 46.8% in full-time employment, 8.7% in part-time employment, 16.7% self-employed, 1.3% unemployed, 0.9% students with jobs, 2.5% students without jobs, 12.7% retired, 6.2% looking after home or family, 1.7% permanently sick or disabled and 2.7% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 12.3% retail, 11.8% manufacturing, 4.5% construction, 24.6% real estate, 7.8% health and social work, 5.7% education, 9.1% transport and communications, 2.7% public administration, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 2.7% finance, 3% agriculture and 9.1% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in agriculture and real estate. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £840, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 37.2% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[7]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens km² domestic buildings km² non-domestic buildings Usual residents km²
Civil parish 353 244 28 139 19 0.258 0.494 0.421 0.087 0.086 1669 11.22

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ 1.
  3. ^ Bucks Archeological Service Historic Environment Resource Assessment
  4. ^ Hart, Jonothan; Mc Sloy, E. R. (2011). "A Late Prehistoric Hilltop Settlement and OOther Excavations Along the Taplow and Dorney Water Pipeline". Records of Buckinghamshire (Buckinghamshire Archeological Society) 51. 
  5. ^ Christopher Winn, I Never Knew That About the River Thames (Random House, 2010) ISBN 0-09-193357-9 p.138
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1309135)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 

External links[edit]