Tapputi, also referred to as Tapputi-Belatekallim ("Belatekallim" refers to female overseer of a palace), is considered to be the world’s first chemist, a perfume-maker mentioned in a cuneiform tablet from the second millennium BC in Babylonian Mesopotamia. She used flowers, oil, and calamus along with cyperus, myrrh, and balsam. She added water then distilled and filtered several times. This is also the oldest referenced still.
She also was an overseer at the Royal Palace, and worked with a researcher named (—)-ninu, whose first part of her name has been lost.
- Alic, M. Hypatia's heritage, a history of women in science from antiquity through the nineteenth century. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1987. 22. Print.
- Gabriele Kass-Simon, Patricia Farnes, Deborah Nash, ed. (1999). Women of science : righting the record (First Midland Book ed.). Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana Univ. Press. p. 301. ISBN 9780253208132.
- Levey, Martin (1973). Early Arabic Pharmacology: An Introduction Based on Ancient and Medieval Sources. Brill Archive. p. 9. ISBN 90-04-03796-9.
- Rayner-Canham, Marelene, and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham. Women in Chemistry: Their Changing Roles from Alchemical Times to the Mid-Twentieth Century. 1st edition. Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2005. 1. Print.