Tapti River

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Tapti
surya putri
River
Country India
States Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Gujarat
Cities Surat, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Betul, Nandurbar
Source Multai(Also known as Multapi) near Betul
 - location Satpura Range
 - elevation 730 m (2,395 ft)
Mouth Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
 - location Dumas,Surat, Gujarat
Length 724 km (450 mi) approx.
Discharge for Dumas Beach
 - average 489 m3/s (17,269 cu ft/s) [1]
 - max 9,830 m3/s (347,143 cu ft/s)
 - min 2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)

The Tapti River (Hindi ताप्ती, Marathi तापी, Gujarati: તાપ્તી) ancient original name Tapi River (Sanskrit: तापी), is a river in central India. It is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 724 kilometres (450 mi). It is one of only three rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west - the others being the Narmada River and the Mahi River. The river rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh state, and flows westward, draining Madhya Pradesh's Nimar region, Maharashtra's Kandesh and east Vidarbha regions in the northwest corner of the Deccan Plateau and south Gujarat, before emptying into the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian Sea, in the Surat District of Gujarat. The river, along with the northern parallel Narmada River, form the boundaries between North and South India. The Western Ghats or Sahyadri range starts south of the Tapti River near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The Tapti (Tapi) River empties into the Gulf of Khambhat near the city of Surat in Gujarat.

Prakasha Barage on Tapti River, at Prakasha

Name[edit]

The Tapi River originates in the Betul district from a place called Multai , in Madhya Pradesh state. The Sanskrit name of Multai is Mulatapi, meaning origin of Tāpī Mātā or the Tapti River.

Tāptī is the daughter of Surya, the Sun God and his wife, Chhaya. Tapti is also known as sister of Lord Shani.

The Tapi River in Thailand, was named after India's Tapi River in August 1915.

River basin and tributaries[edit]

Tapti river at Haripura in Surat district.

The Tapi River basin encompasses an area of 65,145 km², which is nearly two percent of the total area of India. The basin lies in the states of Maharashtra (51,504 km²), Madhya Pradesh (9,804 km²) and Gujarat (3,837 km²).

The basin lies mostly in the northern and eastern districts Maharashtra state, including Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Washim, Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, and Nashik districts, but also includes the Betul and Burhanpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and the Surat and Tapi district (Vyara)(named after river tapi)of Gujarat.

List of tributaries[edit]

The principal tributaries of the Tapti River are the Mindhola River, Girna River, Panzara River, Waghur River, Bori River and Aner River. Other tributaries include:

Places of interest[edit]

New Discovery of Upper Paleolithic Shelter Cave Painting in Tapti Vally in Central India

Major towns along the river include Multai, Nepanagar, Betul and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh, Bhusawal in Maharashtra and Surat and Songadh in Gujarat.

Major crossings of the river include the road bridge Sawalde in Dhule for National Highway 3 and the railway bridge at Bhusawal for the Bhusawal - Khandwa section of the Central Railway. The river is dammed by Hathnur Dam in Jalgaon, Maharashtra and Ukai Dam in Songadh three bridges at Kamrej dist;Surat on NH-8,Ten bridges in Surat including two under construction. one of them is cable stayed bridge, Gujarat.

There are also small barrages created on Tapi in Shahada( Near Prakasha and Near Sarangkheda). Prakasha is considered one of the holy places and has a temple of Lord Shiva, named Kedareshwar. It is one of the oldest villages in the area.

Other important sites along the river include the Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, part of Project Tiger, on the southeast bank along the Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra boundary. Historical landmarks include the Asirgarh fortress near Burhanpur, also known as the "key to the Deccan", and the ancient Temple of Changdeo Maharaj at Changdev in Jalgaon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tapti Basin Station: Kathore". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°06′N 72°41′E / 21.100°N 72.683°E / 21.100; 72.683