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तपती, ताप्ती, तापी, તાપ્તી
|States||Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Gujarat|
|Cities||Surat, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Betul, Nandurbar|
|Source||Multai(Also known as Multapi) near Betul|
|- location||Satpura Range|
|- elevation||730 m (2,395 ft)|
|Mouth||Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)|
|- location||Dumas, Surat, Gujarat|
|Length||724 km (450 mi) approx.|
|Discharge||for Dumas Beach|
|- average||489 m3/s (17,269 cu ft/s) |
|- max||9,830 m3/s (347,143 cu ft/s)|
|- min||2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)|
The Tapti River ancient original name Tapati River is a river in central India. It is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 724 kilometres (450 mi). It is one of only three rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west - the others being the Narmada River and the Mahi River. The river rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh state, and flows westward, draining Madhya Pradesh's Nimar region, Maharashtra's Kandesh and east Vidarbha regions in the northwest corner of the Deccan Plateau and south Gujarat, before emptying into the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian Sea, in the Surat District of Gujarat. The river, along with the northern parallel Narmada River, form the boundaries between North and South India. The Western Ghats or Sahyadri range starts south of the Tapti River near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The Tapti (Tapi) River empties into the Gulf of Khambhat near the city of Surat in Gujarat.
Sanskrit तपती.The Tapi River originates in the Betul district from a place called Multai , in Madhya Pradesh state. The Sanskrit name of Multai is Mulatapi, meaning origin of Tāpī Mātā or the Tapti River.
The Tapi River in Thailand, was named after India's Tapi River in August 1915.
River basin and tributaries
The Tapi River basin encompasses an area of 65,145 km², which is nearly two percent of the total area of India. The basin lies in the states of Maharashtra (51,504 km²), Madhya Pradesh (9,804 km²) and Gujarat (3,837 km²).
The basin lies mostly in the northern and eastern districts Maharashtra state, including Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Washim, Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, and Nashik districts, but also includes the Betul and Burhanpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and the Surat and Tapi district (Vyara)(named after river tapi)of Gujarat.
List of tributaries
- Arunavati River in Shirpur
- Gomai River in Nandurbar
- Vaki River i Dhule district of Maharashtra state
- Burai River in Dhule
- Panzara River in Jalgaon, Dhule districts of Maharashtra state
- Kaan River in Dhule
- Bori River in Jalgaon
- Aner River in Jalgaon, Dhule
- Girna River in Nashik, Malegaon, Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra state. Joins Tapti River at Kapileshwar at Dhule and Jalgaon Border
- Waghur River in Jalgaon, Aurangabad
- Purna River in Amravati, Akola, Buldhana, Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra state and Madhya Pradesh State. Joins Tapti River at Changdev in Jalgaon
- Nalganga River in Buldhana
- Vishwaganga River in Buldhana,
- Nipani River in Buldhana
- Mann River in Buldhana, Akola districts of Maharashtra state
- Aas River in Akola
- Vaan River in Buldhana, Akola, Amravati districts of Maharashtra state
- Morna River in Akola, Washim
- Shahanur River in Akola, Amravati
- Bhavkhuri River in Amravati
- Katepurna River in Akola, Washim districts of Maharashtra state
- Umaa River in Akola, Washim
- Pendhi River in Akola, Amravati
- Chandrabhaga River in Amravati
- Bhuleswari River in Amravati
- Aarna River in Amravati
- Gadga River in Amravati district of Maharashtra state
- Sipna River in Amravati
- Khapra River in Amravati
- Khandu River in Amravati
- Tigriy River in Amravati
- Surkhi River in Amravati
- Burshi River in Amravati district of Maharashtra state
- Ganjal River in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh state
- Ambhora River & Tawa in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh state
- Nesu River in Surat district of Gujarat state
Places of interest
Major crossings of the river include the road bridge Sawalde in Dhule for National Highway 3 and the railway bridge at Bhusawal for the Bhusawal - Khandwa section of the Central Railway. The river is dammed by Hathnur Dam in Jalgaon, Maharashtra and Ukai Dam in Songadh three bridges at Kamrej dist;Surat on NH-8,Ten bridges in Surat including two under construction. one of them is cable stayed bridge, Gujarat.
There are also small barrages created on Tapi in Shahada( Near Prakasha and Near Sarangkheda). Prakasha is considered one of the holy places and has a temple of Lord Shiva, named Kedareshwar. It is one of the oldest villages in the area.
Other important sites along the river include the Melghat Tiger Reserve in Amravati district, part of Project Tiger, on the southeast bank along the Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra boundary. Historical landmarks include the Asirgarh fortress near Burhanpur, also known as the "key to the Deccan", and the ancient Temple of Changdeo Maharaj at Changdev in Jalgaon.
- "Tapti Basin Station: Kathore". UNH/GRDC. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
- Tapti River Watershed Map and data — World Resources Institute