Tarì

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Norman tarì of Roger II of Sicily, with Arabic inscriptions, minted in Palermo. Now in the British Museum.
A pre-Norman Sicilian ruba'i/tarì in the name of Caliph Al-Mustansir. British Museum.
A pre-Norman Sicilian ruba'i/tarì in the name of Caliph Al-Hakim, 1005. British Museum.

A tarì (طري lit. "fresh" or "newly minted money" in Arabic)[1] was the Christian designation of a type of gold coin of Islamic origin minted in Sicily, Malta and South Italy from about 913 to 1859.

History[edit]

In the Islamic world, this type of coin was designated under the name ruba'i, or quarter-dinar, as it weighed 1.05g of gold.[2] The ruba'i had been minted by the Muslims in Sicily, unlike the Muslim rulers of North Africa, who preferred the larger dinar.[3] It became highly popular as it was smaller and therefore more convenient than the large-sized 4.25g dinar.[4]

The tarì were so widespread that imitations were made in southern Italy (Amalfi and Salerno) from the mid-tenth century, which only used illegible "pseudo-Kufic" imitations of Arabic.[5][6][7] When the Normans invaded Sicily in the 12th century, they issued tarì coins bearing legends in Arabic and Latin.[8] Roger II of Sicily issued such coins, becoming the only Western ruler at that time to mint gold coins. Their title was 1613 carat, with some adjunction of silver and copper.[9] The tarì were also produced by the Hohenstaufens and the early Angevins.[10]

The tarì coins were generally minted from African gold obtained from Misrata or Tunis in Northern Africa in exchange for grain.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cardini, p. 26
  2. ^ Cardini, p. 26
  3. ^ Matthew, p. 240
  4. ^ Grierson, p. 3
  5. ^ Cardini, p. 26
  6. ^ Grierson, p. 3
  7. ^ Matthew, p. 240
  8. ^ British Museum, Islamic Art room
  9. ^ Matthew, p. 240
  10. ^ Blanchard, p. 196
  11. ^ Blanchard, p. 196

References[edit]