Tarab Abdul Hadi

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Tarab Abdul Hadi
Tarab Abd al-Hadi.jpg
Portrait of Abdul Hadi
Born 1910
Jenin, Ottoman empire
Died 1976 (aged 65–66)
Cairo, Egypt
Occupation Activist
Spouse(s) Awni Abd al-Hadi

Tarab Abdul Hadi (also transliterated Tarab 'Abd al-Hadi) (1910 Jenin[1] –1976 Cairo) was a Palestinian Muslim activist and feminist.[2][3] In the late 1920s, she co-founded the Palestine Arab Women's Congress (PAWC), the first women's organization in British Mandate Palestine, and was an active organizer in its sister group, the Arab Women's Association (AWA).

Political organizing[edit]

Tarab Abdul Hadi was the wife of Awni Abd al-Hadi, who was himself active in politics and went on to become a prominent member of the Istiqlal party.[4] Abdul Hadi and other women from notable Jerusalem families, established the Palestine Arab Women's Congress (PAWC) to make clear their opposition to the Zionist presence in Palestine and their support for the men's national struggle for independence.[5] The first meeting of the PAWC was held at Abdul Hadi's home in Jerusalem on October 26, 1929, with the event since heralded as the "first time" that Palestinian women entered the political arena.[4] Abdul Hadi became one of the members of PAWC's Executive Committee, which consisted of fourteen women, drawn primarily from among notable Jerusalem families, such as the Husseinis, 'Alamis, Nashashibis, and Budeiris.[4] Besides writing letters and telegrams to raise awareness of the Palestinian plight, the PAWC also engaged in prisoner advocacy, attempting to reduce the length of harsh sentences by appealing to the British authorities and raising money to support families who had lost their breadwinners to imprisonment.[5]

Abdul Hadi was also active in the Arab Women's Association (AWA), also founded in 1929, which became the most prominent feminist organization in Palestine.[6] In her capacity as an AWA organizer, she delivered a speech at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in April 1933, during a visit by British General Allenby, stating:

"The Arab ladies ask Lord Allenby to remember and tell this to his government ... The mothers, daughters, sisters of the Arab victims are gathered here to make the world witness the betrayal of the British. We want all the Arabs to remember that the British are the cause of our suffering and they should learn from the lesson."[6]

Abdul Hadi was also active in the campaign against the veil, an initiative launched by local women encouraging Palestinian women to remove their veils.[7]

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, Abdul Hadi ended up in Cairo, Egypt with her husband, Awni Abd al-Hadi. Her husband died in Cairo in 1970, and she died there in 1976.[2][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://alqudslana.com/index.php?action=individual_details&id=1400
  2. ^ a b "Tarab Abdul Hadi". Palestine: Information with Provenance. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  3. ^ Penny Johnson (August 2004). "Women of "Good Family"". Jerusalem Quarterly. Issue (Institute of Jerusalem Studies) 21. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b c Ellen Fleischmann (March 1995). "Jerusalem Women's Organizations During the British Mandate, 1920s-1930s". PASSIA. 
  5. ^ a b c Karmi, 2002, pp. 31-33.
  6. ^ a b Susan Muaddi Darraj (May 2004). Palestinian women: fighting two battles. Monthly Review. 
  7. ^ "Palestine Facts - Personalities: Chronological listing". Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA). Retrieved 2008-09-11. 

Bibliography[edit]