Taravai is the second largest island in the Gambier Islands of French Polynesia, at 5.7 km². Taravai is located at , about 1.5 km southwest of Mangareva, and about 300 m north of the island of Angakauitai. Off its eastern shore lies the tiny rock Îlot Motu-o-ari.
The village named Agonoko is located near the main bay on the island's eastern shore. With a remaining population of three (census of 2002), it is almost abandoned. Former villages were Aga-nui (northwest) and Agakau-i-uta (southeast).
The Onemea archaeological site suggests sporadic occupation of the island around AD 950 with a possible continuous settlement since the 13th century.
- Goodbye Gambiers
- The Onemea site (Taravai Island, Mangareva) and the human colonization of Southeastern Polynesia. Archaeology in Oceania
- R. W. Williamson, The Social and Political Systems of Central Polynesia, Cambridge University Press, 1924
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