|Foliage and flower heads, Nature's Valley, South Africa|
The camphor bush can reach up to 6 meters in height. The twigs and younger stems are white-felted, as are the undersides of the leaves. The upper leaf surface is dark olive-green. Bruised leaves smell strongly of camphor. Tarchonanthus camphoratus is dioecious. Flowers are usually present from December to May (in South Africa), with cream colored panicles on a discoid head. Male flowering heads have several flowers whilst the female has only a few. The fruit is a dense and woolly achene.
Cultivation and uses
Tarchonanthus camphoratus wood is fragrant, close-grained, attractive, durable and rich in aromatic oils. Its use as wood fuel and a source of charcoal, is an abuse of a valuable resource. It is also used as a traditional building material, in horticulture, and in tribal papermaking. Wild leleshwa is also a source  of essential oils  used as fragrances. Its leaves are used by the Maasai to scent their homes and persons.
Tarchonanthus camphoratus is used as a traditional remedy for respiratory illnesses. The species has wide range of local uses, including dental hygiene.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tarchonanthus camphoratus.|
- Hilliard, O.M. Compositae in Natal. University of Natal Press, 1977. pp. 110-112.
- Young, T.P. and C. Francombe (1991). "Growth and yield estimates in natural stands of leleshwa (Tarchonanthus camphoratus)". Forest Ecology and Management 41: 309–321. doi:10.1016/0378-1127(91)90111-8.
- Kennedy, A.D. (1998). "Coppicing of Tarchonanthus camphoratus (Compositae) as a source of sustainable fuel-wood production: an example from Laikipia Plateau, Kenya". African Journal of Ecology 36: 148–158.
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- Bishay, D.W., Attia, A.A. and Fayed, M.A. (2002). "Flavones and a quaternary alkaloid from Tarchonanthus camphoratus L.". Bull. Pharm. Sci. Assiut Univ. 25(1): 1–6.
-  "Tarchonantus Camphoratus Herba", Google Docs.